How to format your references using the International Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rosenzweig AC (2015) Biochemistry: Breaking methane. Nature 518:309–310
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rodrigues AR, Tabin CJ (2013) Developmental biology. Deserts and waves in gene expression. Science 340:1181–1182
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Caldeira K, Jain AK, Hoffert MI (2003) Climate sensitivity uncertainty and the need for energy without CO2 emission. Science 299:2052–2054
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Sabater D, Arriarán S, Romero M del M, Agnelli S, Remesar X, Fernández-López JA, Alemany M (2014) Cultured 3T3L1 adipocytes dispose of excess medium glucose as lactate under abundant oxygen availability. Sci Rep 4:3663

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Perez A (2014) Network Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Zayas V, Hazan C (eds) (2015) Bases of Adult Attachment: Linking Brain, Mind and Behavior. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kumar A, Mittal V, Kulkarni A (2010) Sanskrit Compound Processor. In: Jha GN (ed) Sanskrit Computational Linguistics: 4th International Symposium, New Delhi, India, December 10-12, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Pumpkins Almost Went Extinct With Mastodons. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/pumpkins-almost-went-extinct/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) Financial Literacy: Overview of Federal Activities, Programs, and Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lauper AR (2009) Effects of leadership training and networking opportunities on professional advancement: A quantitative study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barry E, Kramer AE (2012) In Biting Cold, Protesters Pack the Center of Moscow to Rally Against Putin. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3, 4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Microbiology
AbbreviationInt. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1139-6709
ISSN (online)1618-1905
ScopeMicrobiology
Microbiology (medical)

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