How to format your references using the Clinical Microbiology Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Microbiology Reviews (CMR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pälike H. 2013. Geochemistry. Impact and extinction. Science 339:655–656.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nagib DA, MacMillan DWC. 2011. Trifluoromethylation of arenes and heteroarenes by means of photoredox catalysis. Nature 480:224–228.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Huffard CL, Boneka F, Full RJ. 2005. Underwater bipedal locomotion by octopuses in disguise. Science 307:1927.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Kim PM, Lu LJ, Xia Y, Gerstein MB. 2006. Relating three-dimensional structures to protein networks provides evolutionary insights. Science 314:1938–1941.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Möller G. 2012. Geotechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
1.
2016. Software Reuse: Bridging with Social-Awareness: 15th International Conference, ICSR 2016, Limassol, Cyprus, June 5-7, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bambi C, Dolgov AD. 2016. Cosmological Models, p. 53–70. In Dolgov, AD (ed.), Introduction to Particle Cosmology: The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Microbiology Reviews.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. 2017. This Spray Can Turn Any Surface Into A Touch Screen. IFLScience. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/this-spray-can-turn-any-surface-into-a-touch-screen/. Retrieved 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues Associated with the Recent Settlement between Amtrak and the Consortium of Bombardier and Alstom. GAO-05-152. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Scuderi NF. 2010. Servant leadership and transformational leadership in church organizations. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cooper M. 2017. More Slamming Door! More Slamming Door! New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Microbiology Reviews
AbbreviationClin. Microbiol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0893-8512
ISSN (online)1098-6618
ScopeGeneral Immunology and Microbiology
Epidemiology
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles