How to format your references using the Clinical Microbiology Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Microbiology Reviews (CMR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Padian K. 2001. Owen’s Parthian shot. Nature 412:123–124.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Danielson JÅH, Frommer WB. 2013. Plant science. Jack of all trades, master of flowering. Science 339:659–660.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Arantes-Oliveira N, Berman JR, Kenyon C. 2003. Healthy animals with extreme longevity. Science 302:611.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
West MJ, Côté P, Marzke RO, Jordán A. 2004. Reconstructing galaxy histories from globular clusters. Nature 427:31–35.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Graham AW, Kirkman NC, Paul PM. 2006. Mobile Radio Network Design in the VHF and UHF Bands. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
1.
Turnbull J. 2011. Pro Puppet. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vordermeier M, Jones GJ, Sampson S, Gordon SV. 2013. Post-genomic Antigen Discovery: Bioinformatical Approaches to Reveal Novel T Cell Antigens of Mycobacterium bovis, p. 73–90. In Flower, DR, Perrie, Y (eds.), Immunomic Discovery of Adjuvants and Candidate Subunit Vaccines. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Microbiology Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. 2017. Japanese Zoo Culls 57 Snow Monkeys Due To Mixed Genes From “Invasive Alien Species.” IFLScience. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Older Driver Safety: Survey of States on Their Implementation of Federal Highway Administration Recommendations and Guidelines (GAO-07-517SP), an E-supplement to GAO-07-413. GAO-07-517SP. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Guiltinan E. 2012. Characterizing well connectivity in fractured bedrock using periodic hydraulic tests. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Mueller B, Remnick N. 2016. Pregnant Day Care Owner Is Found Dead in Her Bronx Home. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Microbiology Reviews
AbbreviationClin. Microbiol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0893-8512
ISSN (online)1098-6618
ScopeGeneral Immunology and Microbiology
Epidemiology
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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