How to format your references using the Clinical Microbiology Newsletter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Microbiology Newsletter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Stankiewicz BA. Integration of geoscience and engineering in the oil industry - just a dream? Nature 2003;426:360–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bina CR, Navrotsky A. Possible presence of high-pressure ice in cold subducting slabs. Nature 2000;408:844–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Elias LAB, Wang DD, Kriegstein AR. Gap junction adhesion is necessary for radial migration in the neocortex. Nature 2007;448:901–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hanaguri T, Kohsaka Y, Ono M, Maltseva M, Coleman P, Yamada I, et al. Coherence factors in a high-tc cuprate probed by quasi-particle scattering off vortices. Science 2009;323:923–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Groves E. The Constant Contact Guide to Email Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Arévalo JF, editor. Retinal and Choroidal Manifestations of Selected Systemic Diseases. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Wei L-Y, Zheng Y, Peng W-C. Mining Popular Routes from Social Media. In: Baughman AK, Gao J, Pan J-Y, Petrushin VA, editors. Multimedia Data Mining and Analytics: Disruptive Innovation, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 93–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Microbiology Newsletter.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Oceans Endure on Super-Earths. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/oceans-last-super-earths/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Large Truck Safety: Federal Enforcement Efforts Have Been Stronger Since 2000, but Oversight of State Grants Needs Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Christian TM. Under the Navajo stars: The intersection of mythic narratives, archaeology, and star ceilings. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J, Hale M, Genzlinger N, Lyons M. An Hour, or Less, That Stood Out. New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Microbiology Newsletter
AbbreviationClin. Microbiol. Newsl.
ISSN (print)0196-4399
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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