How to format your references using the Clinical Microbiology Newsletter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Microbiology Newsletter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Farmer EE. Surface-to-air signals. Nature 2001;411:854–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hoffman KA, Singer BS. Magnetic source separation in Earth’s outer core. Science 2008;321:1800.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Park I-U, Peacey MW, Munafò MR. Modelling the effects of subjective and objective decision making in scientific peer review. Nature 2014;506:93–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Xing G-F, Wang X-L, Wan Y, Chen Z-H, Jiang Y, Kitajima K, et al. Diversity in early crustal evolution: 4100 Ma zircons in the Cathaysia Block of southern China. Sci Rep 2014;4:5143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sheriff RE, Hu YF. Mobile Satellite Communication Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2001.
An edited book
[1]
Lundström A, Zhou C, von Friedrichs Y, Sundin E, editors. Social Entrepreneurship: Leveraging Economic, Political, and Cultural Dimensions. vol. 29. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Meinzen-Dick R, Johnson N, Quisumbing AR, Njuki J, Behrman JA, Rubin D, et al. The Gender Asset Gap and Its Implications for Agricultural and Rural Development. In: Quisumbing AR, Meinzen-Dick R, Raney TL, Croppenstedt A, Behrman JA, Peterman A, editors. Gender in Agriculture: Closing the Knowledge Gap, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 91–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Microbiology Newsletter.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Study Suggests Atheists Are More Intelligent Because They Can Override Religious Instinct. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/study-suggests-atheists-are-more-intelligent-because-they-can-override-religious-instinct-/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. DOD Schools: Funding and Operating Alternatives for Education of Dependents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Schultz SM. Interpreting the assemblages of Lonnie Holley through his performative explanations. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Novick SM. When the Brew Is as Crucial as the Bean. New York Times 2015:LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Microbiology Newsletter
AbbreviationClin. Microbiol. Newsl.
ISSN (print)0196-4399
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles