How to format your references using the Clinical and Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Translational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Julienne PS (2014) Low-temperature physics: Chaos in the cold. Nature 507:440–441
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Elmquist JK, Flier JS (2004) Neuroscience. The fat-brain axis enters a new dimension. Science 304:63–64
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Okuda S, Freinkman E, Kahne D (2012) Cytoplasmic ATP hydrolysis powers transport of lipopolysaccharide across the periplasm in E. coli. Science 338:1214–1217
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sharma S, Ray S, Moiyadi A, et al (2014) Quantitative proteomic analysis of meningiomas for the identification of surrogate protein markers. Sci Rep 4:7140

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sóbester A, Forrester AIJ (2014) Aircraft Aerodynamic Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Zembylas M, Schutz PA (2016) Methodological Advances in Research on Emotion and Education, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wasserman S, Robins G, Steinley D (2007) Statistical Models for Networks: A Brief Review of Some Recent Research. In: Airoldi E, Blei DM, Fienberg SE, et al (eds) Statistical Network Analysis: Models, Issues, and New Directions: ICML 2006 Workshop on Statistical Network Analysis, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 29, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Translational Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2016) The Life-Changing Love Of One Of The 20th Century’s Greatest Physicists. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/life-changing-love-one-20th-century-s-greatest-physicists/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2011) Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zazworsky LM (2013) Dumbing down for others: Differences in socially motivated underachievement between working and middle class students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B (2017) Film Series. New York Times C21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 1].
This sentence cites four references [1, 1, 1, 1].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Translational Medicine
AbbreviationClin. Transl. Med.
ISSN (online)2001-1326
Scope

Other styles