How to format your references using the Clinica Chimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinica Chimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Moraes, Perspective: Lessons from Brazil, Nature. 474 (2011) S25.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.L. Bullock, D. Ish-Horowicz, Conserved signals and machinery for RNA transport in Drosophila oogenesis and embryogenesis, Nature. 414 (2001) 611–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y.C. Cao, R. Jin, C.A. Mirkin, Nanoparticles with Raman spectroscopic fingerprints for DNA and RNA detection, Science. 297 (2002) 1536–1540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Pocai, T.K.T. Lam, R. Gutierrez-Juarez, S. Obici, G.J. Schwartz, J. Bryan, L. Aguilar-Bryan, L. Rossetti, Hypothalamic K(ATP) channels control hepatic glucose production, Nature. 434 (2005) 1026–1031.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Dubin, Numerical and Analytical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Using Mathematica, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
M. Inoue-Murayama, S. Kawamura, A. Weiss, eds., From Genes to Animal Behavior: Social Structures, Personalities, Communication by Color, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Varon, R.E. Fromm, Gastrointestinal Facts and Formulas, in: R.E. Fromm Jr. (Ed.), Acute and Critical Care Formulas and Laboratory Values, Springer, New York, NY, 2014: pp. 41–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinica Chimica Acta.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Meet Lidar: The Amazing Laser Technology That’s Helping Archaeologists Discover Lost Cities, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ADP: USDA Farm Service Agencies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.J. Wheeler, Efficient construction of accurate multiple alignments and large-scale phylogenies, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Business Briefing | Europe: Russia: Genetics Rule Considered, New York Times. (2002) W1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinica Chimica Acta
AbbreviationClin. Chim. Acta
ISSN (print)0009-8981
Clinical Biochemistry
General Medicine
Biochemistry, medical

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