How to format your references using the Clinica Chimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinica Chimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Juma, Preventing hunger: biotechnology is key, Nature. 479 (2011) 471–472.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Nemoto, T. Finkel, Redox regulation of forkhead proteins through a p66shc-dependent signaling pathway, Science. 295 (2002) 2450–2452.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Joliveau, J. Smith, J. Wolfe, Acoustics: tuning of vocal tract resonance by sopranos, Nature. 427 (2004) 116.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q. Xie, H.-S. Guo, G. Dallman, S. Fang, A.M. Weissman, N.-H. Chua, SINAT5 promotes ubiquitin-related degradation of NAC1 to attenuate auxin signals, Nature. 419 (2002) 167–170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Micouin, Model-Based Systems Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
M. Fetzer, K. Tuzinski, eds., Simulations for Personnel Selection, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
D.A. Simovici, C. Djeraba, Topologies and Measures, in: C. Djeraba (Ed.), Mathematical Tools for Data Mining: Set Theory, Partial Orders, Combinatorics, Springer, London, 2014: pp. 149–195.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinica Chimica Acta.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Five Reasons To Teach Robotics In Schools, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Dropouts: Education Could Play a Stronger Role in Identifying and Disseminating Promising Prevention Strategies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.C. Sink, Exploring a high school community relations and parent involvement program, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
N. MacFARQUHAR, A Developer and Kremlin Fixer With a Web of Trump Contacts, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinica Chimica Acta
AbbreviationClin. Chim. Acta
ISSN (print)0009-8981
Clinical Biochemistry
General Medicine
Biochemistry, medical

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