How to format your references using the Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gnecco, E. (2009). Nanotechnology: A gentle jackhammer. Nature, 461(7261), 178–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyons, T. W., & Reinhard, C. T. (2009). Early Earth: Oxygen for heavy-metal fans. Nature, 461(7261), 179–181.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grosman, C., Zhou, M., & Auerbach, A. (2000). Mapping the conformational wave of acetylcholine receptor channel gating. Nature, 403(6771), 773–776.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ji, Q., Luo, Z.-X., Zhang, X., Yuan, C.-X., & Xu, L. (2009). Evolutionary development of the middle ear in Mesozoic therian mammals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5950), 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossiter, A. (2008). Professional Excellence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Davim, J. P. (Ed.). (2015). Modern Manufacturing Engineering. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Garber, P. A., & Porter, L. M. (2010). The Ecology of Exudate Production and Exudate Feeding in Saguinus and Callimico. In A. M. Burrows & L. T. Nash (Eds.), The Evolution of Exudativory in Primates (pp. 89–108). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 9). Hawking Believes The Higgs Field Could Wipe Out The Universe—Should We Be Worried? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Small Business Innovation Research: Data Rights Protections (GAO-14-116R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adaligil, E. (2010). Electron transfer through self-assembled monolayers of alkaneselenols and alkanethiols on mercury electrode [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, September 17). A Sour Surprise for Public Pensions. New York Times, BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gnecco, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gnecco, 2009; Lyons & Reinhard, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lyons & Reinhard, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Grosman et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ji et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression
ISSN (print)1943-4472
ISSN (online)1943-4480
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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