How to format your references using the Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mignot, E. (2013). Physiology. The perfect hypnotic? Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6128), 36–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottfried, K., & Salpeter, E. E. (2005). Obituary: Hans A. Bethe (1906-2005). Nature, 434(7036), 970–971.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peters, S. E., Kelly, D. C., & Fraass, A. J. (2013). Oceanographic controls on the diversity and extinction of planktonic foraminifera. Nature, 493(7432), 398–401.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Solt, L. A., Kumar, N., Nuhant, P., Wang, Y., Lauer, J. L., Liu, J., … Burris, T. P. (2011). Suppression of TH17 differentiation and autoimmunity by a synthetic ROR ligand. Nature, 472(7344), 491–494.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Angueira, P., & Romo, J. A. (2012). Microwave Line of Sight Link Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Childs, L. N. (Ed.). (2009). A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Roper, S. D. (2014). TRPs in Taste and Chemesthesis. In B. Nilius & V. Flockerzi (Eds.), Mammalian Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) Cation Channels: Volume II (pp. 827–871). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, November 6). Search For Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute Release First Observations From “Alien Megastructure” Star. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Land Management Systems: Information on BLM’s Automated Land and Mineral Record System Release 2 Project (No. AIMD-97-109R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamoun, A. (2010). Molecular characterization of a subset of KRAB-ZFPs (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fox, M. (2009, June 6). Boris Pokrovsky, 97, Bolshoi Director. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mignot, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gottfried & Salpeter, 2005; Mignot, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gottfried & Salpeter, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Peters, Kelly, & Fraass, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Solt et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression
ISSN (print)1943-4472
ISSN (online)1943-4480
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles