How to format your references using the Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, K. (2006). Personal finance. Young scientists need firm plan to make up for a late start. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5792), 1454–1457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Romanowicz, B., & Giardini, D. (2001). Geophysics. The future of permanent seismic networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2000–2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ladet, S., David, L., & Domard, A. (2008). Multi-membrane hydrogels. Nature, 452(7183), 76–79.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dorgan, K. M., Jumars, P. A., Johnson, B., Boudreau, B. P., & Landis, E. (2005). Burrowing mechanics: burrow extension by crack propagation. Nature, 433(7025), 475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Potter, L. (2012). The Life of William Shakespeare. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Watson, A., & Ohtani, M. (Eds.). (2015). Task Design In Mathematics Education: an ICMI study 22 (1st ed. 2015). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lautenbacher, F., Diefenthaler, P., Langermeier, M., Mykhashchuk, M., & Bauer, B. (2013). Planning Support for Enterprise Changes. In J. Grabis, M. Kirikova, J. Zdravkovic, & J. Stirna (Eds.), The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 6th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2013, Riga, Latvia, November 6-7, 2013, Proceedings (pp. 54–68). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, October 1). Electron Microscope Shows How Vinyl LP’s Are Played. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Payroll Activities, Atlanta Postal Data Center (No. 089789). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks, J. (2017). Playing-With the World: Toy Story’s Aesthetics and Metaphysics of Play [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012, October 25). Islanders Leaving, the Glory Long Gone. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson, 2006; Romanowicz & Giardini, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Romanowicz & Giardini, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Ladet et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dorgan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression
ISSN (print)1943-4472
ISSN (online)1943-4480
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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