How to format your references using the Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batygin, K. (2012). A primordial origin for misalignments between stellar spin axes and planetary orbits. Nature, 491(7424), 418–420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rybczynski, N., & Reisz, R. R. (2001). Earliest evidence for efficient oral processing in a terrestrial herbivore. Nature, 411(6838), 684–687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Farkas, I., Helbing, D., & Vicsek, T. (2002). Mexican waves in an excitable medium. Nature, 419(6903), 131–132.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mezzenga, R., Ruokolainen, J., Fredrickson, G. H., Kramer, E. J., Moses, D., Heeger, A. J., & Ikkala, O. (2003). Templating organic semiconductors via self-assembly of polymer colloids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5614), 1872–1874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt, G. (2001). Experimentalphysik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Clarke, D., Noble, J., & Wrigstad, T. (Eds.). (2013). Aliasing in Object-Oriented Programming. Types, Analysis and Verification (Vol. 7850). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Szymanek, A. (2010). “Defence-in-Depth” Strategy in Transport Risk Management. In J. Mikulski (Ed.), Transport Systems Telematics: 10th Conference, TST 2010, Katowice – Ustroń, Poland, October 20-23, 2010. Selected Papers (pp. 51–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 13). Check Out This Amazing Video Of Apollo Photos Turned Into A Stop Motion Film. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Effects of Airline Entry Barriers on Fares (T-RCED-90-62). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Minger, L. (2017). Examining Education Leadership Communication Practices around Basic and Advanced Skill Sets: A Multiple Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2016, November 2). Affordability in a Bucolic Setting. New York Times, RE17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batygin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Batygin, 2012; Rybczynski & Reisz, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rybczynski & Reisz, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Farkas et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mezzenga et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression
ISSN (print)1943-4472
ISSN (online)1943-4480
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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