How to format your references using the Mathematics Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adams, J. (2012). Collaborations: The rise of research networks. Nature, 490(7420), 335–336.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shraiman, B. I., & Siggia, E. D. (2000). Scalar turbulence. Nature, 405(6787), 639–646.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiong, Q., Mukherjee, S., & Furey, T. S. (2014). GSAASeqSP: a toolset for gene set association analysis of RNA-Seq data. Scientific reports, 4, 6347.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, G. G., Song, J., Wang, Z., Dormann, H. L., Casadio, F., Li, H., et al. (2009). Haematopoietic malignancies caused by dysregulation of a chromatin-binding PHD finger. Nature, 459(7248), 847–851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Green, S. D. (2011). Making Sense of Construction Improvement. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Belke, A. (2009). Monetary Economics in Globalised Financial Markets. (T. Polleit, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hasiewicz, Z., Mzyk, G., & Śliwiński, P. (2010). Quasi-parametric Recovery of Hammerstein System Nonlinearity by Smart Model Selection. In L. Rutkowski, R. Scherer, R. Tadeusiewicz, L. A. Zadeh, & J. M. Zurada (Eds.), Artifical Intelligence and Soft Computing: 10th International Conference, ICAISC 2010, Zakopane, Poland, June 13-17, 2010, Part II (pp. 34–41). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, September 22). Beware The Bad Big Wolf: Why You Need To Put Your Adjectives In The Right Order. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Joint Strike Fighter: DOD Plans to Enter Production before Testing Demonstrates Acceptable Performance (No. GAO-06-356). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banks, G. M. (2009). The revolution will not be gender-ized (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2017, January 24). Raising Grandchildren in a Home That’s Brimming With Love, and Open to All. New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adams 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Adams 2012; Shraiman and Siggia 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shraiman and Siggia 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics Education Research Journal
AbbreviationMath. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1033-2170
ISSN (online)2211-050X
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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