How to format your references using the Mathematics Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hails, R. S. (2002). Assessing the risks associated with new agricultural practices. Nature, 418(6898), 685–688.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strain, A. J., & Neuberger, J. M. (2002). A bioartificial liver--state of the art. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 1005–1009.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Moraes, C. M., Mescher, M. C., & Tumlinson, J. H. (2001). Caterpillar-induced nocturnal plant volatiles repel conspecific females. Nature, 410(6828), 577–580.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Campana, S., Lodato, G., D’Avanzo, P., Panagia, N., Rossi, E. M., Della Valle, M., et al. (2011). The unusual gamma-ray burst GRB 101225A explained as a minor body falling onto a neutron star. Nature, 480(7375), 69–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’homme, R. (2012). Flows and Chemical Reactions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
dell’Isola, F., Maier, G., Perego, U., Andreaus, U., Esposito, R., & Forest, S. (Eds.). (2014). The complete works of Gabrio Piola: Volume I: Commented English Translation (Vol. 38). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Charisis, V., Hadjidimitriou, S., Hadjileontiadis, L., Uğurca, D., & Yilmaz, E. (2015). EmoActivity - An EEG-Based Gamified Emotion HCI for Augmented Artistic Expression: The i-Treasures Paradigm. In M. Antona & C. Stephanidis (Eds.), Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Access to the Human Environment and Culture: 9th International Conference, UAHCI 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part IV (pp. 29–40). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 17). Avalanches, Not Geysers, May Be The Cause Of Comet Outbursts. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). What Every Auditor Should Know About Computer Information Systems (No. 130454). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdioux, L. (2015). Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, February 20). Justices Will Hear Case On Evidence Suppression. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hails 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hails 2002; Strain and Neuberger 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strain and Neuberger 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Campana et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics Education Research Journal
AbbreviationMath. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1033-2170
ISSN (online)2211-050X
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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