How to format your references using the Mathematics Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics Education Research Journal (Math Ed Res J). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard, A. W. (2013). Observed properties of extrasolar planets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6132), 572–576.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leiserson, C. E., & McVinney, C. (2015). Lifelong learning: Science professors need leadership training. Nature, 523(7560), 279–281.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander, D. T. L., Crozier, P. A., & Anderson, J. R. (2008). Brown carbon spheres in East Asian outflow and their optical properties. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5890), 833–836.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pereira, L., Soares, P., Triska, P., Rito, T., van der Waerden, A., Li, B., et al. (2014). Global human frequencies of predicted nuclear pathogenic variants and the role played by protein hydrophobicity in pathogenicity potential. Scientific reports, 4, 7155.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberger, G., & Wiberg, P. (2005). Numerical Methods in the Hydrological Sciences. Washington D. C.: American Geophysical Union.
An edited book
Anishchenko, V. S. (2007). Nonlinear Dynamics of Chaotic and Stochastic Systems: Tutorial and Modern Developments. (V. Astakhov, T. Vadivasova, A. Neiman, & L. Schimansky-Geier, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Meadows, L. (2007). OpenMP 3.0 – A Preview of the Upcoming Standard. In R. Perrott, B. M. Chapman, J. Subhlok, R. F. de Mello, & L. T. Yang (Eds.), High Performance Computing and Communications: Third International Conference, HPCC 2007, Houston, USA, September 26-28, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 4–4). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 4). Ford Develops Smart Headlights To Make Driving At Night Safer. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). OPM Retirement Modernization: Progress Has Been Hindered by Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses (No. GAO-12-430T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gordon, R. L. (2010). Neural and behavioral correlates of song prosody (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002, September 11). In Class A, Yankees Are Still Winners. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gilmore 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bucksbaum 2004; Maxmen 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leiserson and McVinney 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lo Celso et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics Education Research Journal
AbbreviationMath. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1033-2170
ISSN (online)2211-050X
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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