How to format your references using the Mathematics Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manners, I. (2001). Materials science. Putting metals into polymers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1664–1666.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahlund, M., & Andersson, M. (2001). Female ducks can double their reproduction. Nature, 414(6864), 600–601.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, K., Malinina, L., & Patel, D. J. (2003). Recognition of small interfering RNA by a viral suppressor of RNA silencing. Nature, 426(6968), 874–878.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lisse, C. M., Christian, D. J., Dennerl, K., Meech, K. J., Petre, R., Weaver, H. A., & Wolk, S. J. (2001). Charge exchange-induced X-ray emission from comet C/1999 S4 (LINEAR). Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5520), 1343–1348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iacus, S. M. (2011). Option Pricing and Estimation of Financial Models with R. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Barreira, L. (2012). Complex Analysis and Differential Equations. (C. Valls, Ed.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Quattrocolo, S. (2015). The Right to Information in EU Legislation. In S. Ruggeri (Ed.), Human Rights in European Criminal Law: New Developments in European Legislation and Case Law after the Lisbon Treaty (pp. 81–93). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 3). Birds Take Turns at the Head of Their Flying V. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Federal Student Loans: Impact of Loan Limit Increases on College Prices Is Difficult to Discern (No. GAO-14-7). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horaist, D. W. (2015). Estimating Seed Bank Responses to Changing Environmental Conditions in the Louisiana Coastal Zone (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky, M. (2017, June 12). A Tax Revolt in Kansas. New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manners 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ahlund and Andersson 2001; Manners 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahlund and Andersson 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lisse et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics Education Research Journal
AbbreviationMath. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1033-2170
ISSN (online)2211-050X
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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