How to format your references using the Mathematics Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binder, P.-M. (2008). Physics. Reflections on a wall of light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5906), 1334–1335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stern, S. A., & Weissman, P. R. (2001). Rapid collisional evolution of comets during the formation of the Oort cloud. Nature, 409(6820), 589–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Y., Tong, C., & Jiang, J. (2007). Hedgehog regulates smoothened activity by inducing a conformational switch. Nature, 450(7167), 252–258.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, Y., Wang, L., Xue, Y., Jiang, L., & Zheng, Y. (2013). Bioinspired tilt-angle fabricated structure gradient fibers: micro-drops fast transport in a long-distance. Scientific reports, 3, 2927.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmons, M., & Dalgleish, E. (2006). Corporate Actions. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Fursikov, A. V., Galdi, G. P., & Pukhnachev, V. V. (Eds.). (2010). New Directions in Mathematical Fluid Mechanics: The Alexander V. Kazhikhov Memorial Volume. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Iyer, K. M. (2013). Infection. In K. M. Iyer (Ed.), General Principles of Orthopedics and Trauma (pp. 27–46). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 20). Can Spiders Really Reach The “Size Of A Puppy”? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Federal Bureau of Investigation: Actions Taken to Address Most Procurement Recommendations (No. GAO-11-794). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toosi, F. (2017). Decision Analysis Techniques for Adult Learners: Application to Leadership (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, April 18). Decision Is Annulled, Exonerating Officials. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Binder 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Binder 2008; Stern and Weissman 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stern and Weissman 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics Education Research Journal
AbbreviationMath. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1033-2170
ISSN (online)2211-050X
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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