How to format your references using the Mathematics Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin, G. (2015). Astronomy: A Mars-sized exoplanet. Nature, 522(7556), 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Montgomery, D. R., & Manga, M. (2003). Streamflow and water well responses to earthquakes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5628), 2047–2049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dwyer, M. A., Looger, L. L., & Hellinga, H. W. (2004). Computational design of a biologically active enzyme. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1967–1971.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gajiwala, K. S., Chen, H., Cornille, F., Roques, B. P., Reith, W., Mach, B., & Burley, S. K. (2000). Structure of the winged-helix protein hRFX1 reveals a new mode of DNA binding. Nature, 403(6772), 916–921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwedt, G. (2013). Experimente rund um die Kunststoffe des Alltags. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Mitton, N., Gallais, A., Kantarci, M. E., & Papavassiliou, S. (Eds.). (2014). Ad Hoc Networks: 6th International ICST Conference, ADHOCNETS 2014, Rhodes, Greece, August 18-19, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 140). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, J.-L., & Yan, H.-S. (2016). Modern Reconstruction Research. In H.-S. Yan (Ed.), Decoding the Mechanisms of Antikythera Astronomical Device (pp. 63–84). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 29). Parasitic Beetle Mimics Ants By “Speaking” Three Different “Languages.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Public-Private Competitions: Access to Records Is Inhibiting Work on Congressional Mandates (No. T-NSIAD-98-101). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spidell, R. M. (2017). Reexamining Richard Strauss’s Second Horn Concerto as a Significant Contribution to Twentieth-Century Music (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pipher, M. (2014, December 27). Nebraska’s Lonely Progressives. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laughlin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Laughlin 2015; Montgomery and Manga 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Montgomery and Manga 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gajiwala et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics Education Research Journal
AbbreviationMath. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1033-2170
ISSN (online)2211-050X
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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