How to format your references using the City, Territory and Architecture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for City, Territory and Architecture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tsapatsis M (2011) Materials science. Toward high-throughput zeolite membranes. Science 334:767–768
A journal article with 2 authors
Reddy GV, Meyerowitz EM (2005) Stem-cell homeostasis and growth dynamics can be uncoupled in the Arabidopsis shoot apex. Science 310:663–667
A journal article with 3 authors
Rauzi M, Lenne P-F, Lecuit T (2010) Planar polarized actomyosin contractile flows control epithelial junction remodelling. Nature 468:1110–1114
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yong HS, Lim P-E, Tan J, et al (2014) Molecular phylogeny of Orthetrum dragonflies reveals cryptic species of Orthetrum pruinosum. Sci Rep 4:5553

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sundararajan D (2015) Discretewavelet Transform. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Donaldson JA (ed) (2016) Women’s Voices in the Field of Educational Technology: Our Journeys. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ma D, Bondade R (2013) Power Loss in Switched-Capacitor Power Converters: Causes and Analysis. In: Bondade R (ed) Reconfigurable Switched-Capacitor Power Converters: Principles and Designs for Self-Powered Microsystems. Springer, New York, NY, pp 59–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for City, Territory and Architecture.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Nitrous Oxide Alters People’s Brainwaves. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/nitrous-oxide-alters-peoples-brainwaves/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Planned Use of Information Technology for the Space Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar B (2010) A drug and alcohol education and prevention program for Hispanic families: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) Rangers Regain Their Footing at the Garden and March Back Into the Series. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tsapatsis 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Reddy and Meyerowitz 2005; Tsapatsis 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reddy and Meyerowitz 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Yong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCity, Territory and Architecture
AbbreviationCity Territ. Arch.
ISSN (online)2195-2701
Scope

Other styles