How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. W. Makous, Science 318, 196; author reply 196 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. P. Kristensen and T. Bjerkedal, Science 316, 1717 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. J. Kim, J. A. Ashenhurst, and M. Movassaghi, Science 324, 238 (2009).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. A. Koçer, M. Walko, W. Meijberg, and B. L. Feringa, Science 309, 755 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. L. Simon, Control of Biological and Drug-Delivery Systems for Chemical, Biomedical, and Pharmaceutical Engineering (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013).
An edited book
1. C. R. Soccol, S. K. Brar, C. Faulds, and L. P. Ramos, editors , Green Fuels Technology: Biofuels (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
1. J. D. Haskell, in New Approaches to International Law: The European and the American Experiences, edited by J. M. Beneyto and D. Kennedy (T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands, 2013), pp. 123–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Physics.

Blog post
1. R. Andrews, IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Guaranteed Student Loans: Comparisons of Single State and Multistate Guaranty Agencies (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. S. E. Wilensky, 340B Prime Vendor Program: Health Center Decision Making and Barriers to Participation, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. J. Eligon, New York Times A11 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Physics
AbbreviationBraz. J. Phys.
ISSN (print)0103-9733
ISSN (online)1678-4448
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

Other styles