How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. S. Knapp, Nature 408, 33 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. M. E. Conley and D. A. Fruman, Science 342, 814 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. M. Lavine, M. Frisk, and E. Pennisi, Science 338, 899 (2012).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. D. S. Hopkins, D. Pekker, P. M. Goldbart, and A. Bezryadin, Science 308, 1762 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. J. Dinet, Information Retrieval in Digital Environments (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014).
An edited book
1. P. Favali, SEAFLOOR OBSERVATORIES: A New Vision of the Earth from the Abyss, 1st ed. 2015 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
1. M. Milovanović, R. Ferrer, O. S. Unsal, A. Cristal, X. Martorell, E. Ayguadé, J. Labarta, and M. Valero, in A Practical Programming Model for the Multi-Core Era: 3rd International Workshop on OpenMP, IWOMP 2007, Beijing, China, June 3-7, 2007 Proceedings, edited by B. Chapman, W. Zheng, G. R. Gao, M. Sato, E. Ayguadé, and D. Wang (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008), pp. 37–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Physics.

Blog post
1. J. Fang, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Direct Loan Debate (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. E. M. Estrada Marroquin, Using Support Groups to Help Kinship Caregivers Transition Youth to Safe and Productive Community Living: A Grant Proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. M. Billard, New York Times E5 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Physics
AbbreviationBraz. J. Phys.
ISSN (print)0103-9733
ISSN (online)1678-4448
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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