How to format your references using the Chemical Physics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Physics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Shindell, Climate change. Whither Arctic climate?, Science. 299 (2003) 215–216.
A journal article with 2 authors
N.G. Ahn, K.A. Resing, Cell biology. Lessons in rational drug design for protein kinases, Science. 308 (2005) 1266–1267.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Tanner, C. Manca, S. Leutwyler, Probing the threshold to H atom transfer along a hydrogen-bonded ammonia wire, Science. 302 (2003) 1736–1739.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.-Y. Xie, F. Gao, X. Lu, R.-B. Huang, C.-R. Wang, X. Zhang, M.-L. Liu, S.-L. Deng, L.-S. Zheng, Capturing the labile fullerene[50] as C50Cl10, Science. 304 (2004) 699.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Hauser, Hygienegerechte Apparate Und Anlagen, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2008.
An edited book
H.F. Stroo, A. Leeson, C.H. Ward, eds., Bioaugmentation for Groundwater Remediation, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
M.A. Nagel, R.J. Cohrs, D. Gilden, Varicella Zoster Virus Infections, in: A.C. Jackson (Ed.), Viral Infections of the Human Nervous System, Springer, Basel, 2013: pp. 87–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Physics Letters.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Should We Be Using Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitisers?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOD Acquisition: Case Study of the MILSTAR Satellite Communications System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.C. Vega Aguirre, Study of small business leadership as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Santander to Pay $6.4 Million to Islanders in Puerto Rico Bond Settlement, New York Times. (2015) B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Physics Letters
AbbreviationChem. Phys. Lett.
ISSN (print)0009-2614
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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