How to format your references using the World Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C. (2005). – Genomics: getting down to details. Nature, 435 (7044), 991–994.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bishop N.A. & Guarente L. (2007). – Two neurons mediate diet-restriction-induced longevity in C. elegans. Nature, 447 (7144), 545–549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelechano V., Wei W. & Steinmetz L.M. (2013). – Extensive transcriptional heterogeneity revealed by isoform profiling. Nature, 497 (7447), 127–131.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Endres N.F., Yoshioka C., Milligan R.A. & Vale R.D. (2006). – A lever-arm rotation drives motility of the minus-end-directed kinesin Ncd. Nature, 439 (7078), 875–878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fabozzi F.J. & Drake P.P. (2009). – Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schwartz C.L., Hobbie W.L., Constine L.S. & Ruccione K.S., eds. (2005). – Survivors of Childhood and Adolescent Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Second Edition, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mesiar R., Kolesárová A. & Komorníková M. (2015). – Aggregation Functions on [0,1]. . In Springer Handbook of Computational Intelligence (J. Kacprzyk & W. Pedrycz, eds), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp 61–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. (2016). – Will Europe’s Flagship ExoMars Mission Ever Get Off The Ground? IFLScience. Available at: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). – Fusion Energy: Actions Needed to Finalize Cost and Schedule Estimates for U.S. Contributions to an International Experimental Reactor. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goshin L.S. (2010). – Behavior Problems and Competence in Preschoolers Who Spent Their First One to Eighteen Months in a Prison Nursery Program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon M. (2012). – Blessed Among Women. New York Times, , BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review
AbbreviationRev. Sci. Tech.
ISSN (print)0253-1933
ISSN (online)1608-0637
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine

Other styles