How to format your references using the World Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl R. (2002). – Breaking down biological borders. Nature, 418 (6899), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zebrowitz L.A. & Montepare J.M. (2005). – Psychology. Appearance DOES matter. Science, 308 (5728), 1565–1566.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi J.S., Du M. & Zajac A.J. (2009). – A vital role for interleukin-21 in the control of a chronic viral infection. Science, 324 (5934), 1572–1576.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Sun Y., Zhou G., Gui T., Shimokado A., Nakanishi M., Oikawa K., Sato F. & Muragaki Y. (2014). – Elevated serum 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 level attenuates renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction in kl/kl mice. Sci. Rep., 4, 6563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balmori D. (2014). – Drawing and Reinventing Landscape. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bloch A.M. (2015). – Nonholonomic Mechanics and Control. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiang Y., Peng D. & Yang Z. (2015). – Dependent Component Analysis Using Precoding. . In Blind Source Separation: Dependent Component Analysis (D. Peng & Z. Yang, eds), Springer, Singapore. pp 73–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015). – Astronomers Map Dark Matter. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017). – Health Care: Telehealth and Remote Patient Monitoring Use in Medicare and Selected Federal Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Siani J.M. (2009). – Costs and benefits of cooperative infant care in wild golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L. (1995). – The Whole Earth Is at Stake, but It’s Just a Game. New York Times, , 223.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review
AbbreviationRev. Sci. Tech.
ISSN (print)0253-1933
ISSN (online)1608-0637
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine

Other styles