How to format your references using the World Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feng J.L. (2003). – Physics. Searching for gravity’s hidden strength. Science, 302 (5646), 795–797.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nguyen A.N. & Zinner E. (2004). – Discovery of ancient silicate stardust in a meteorite. Science, 303 (5663), 1496–1499.
A journal article with 3 authors
Woodruff J.D., Irish J.L. & Camargo S.J. (2013). – Coastal flooding by tropical cyclones and sea-level rise. Nature, 504 (7478), 44–52.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Panda S., Nayak S.K., Campo B., Walker J.R., Hogenesch J.B. & Jegla T. (2005). – Illumination of the melanopsin signaling pathway. Science, 307 (5709), 600–604.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carne E.B. (2011). – Connections for the Digital Age. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lazaridis M. & Colbeck I., eds. (2010). – Human Exposure to Pollutants via Dermal Absorption and Inhalation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Shibata R. (2015). – Globalization, Politics of Historical Memory, and Enmification in Sino-Japanese Relations. . In Nation-Building and History Education in a Global Culture (J. Zajda, ed), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. pp 67–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review.

Blog post
Andrew D. (2015). – Elephant Herd Watches As Keepers Rescue Drowning Calf. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). – Space Operations: NASA Efforts to Develop and Deploy Advanced Spacecraft Computers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinneny P.N. (2017). – End of August.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein J. & Schweber N. (2014). – Chokehold Complaints Are Focus of City Study. New York Times, , A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Organisation for Animal Health - Scientific and Technical Review
AbbreviationRev. Sci. Tech.
ISSN (print)0253-1933
ISSN (online)1608-0637
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine

Other styles