How to format your references using the IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. H. Seiradakis, “Pulsar astronomy. Older than they look,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6792, pp. 139–140, Jul. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Lam and S. Keeney, “Nonparadoxical evolutionary stability of the recombination initiation landscape in yeast,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6263, pp. 932–937, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. J. Kennedy, D. R. Pevear, and R. J. Hill, “Mineral surface control of organic carbon in black shale,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5555, pp. 657–660, Jan. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. B. Park et al., “Polymers with cavities tuned for fast selective transport of small molecules and ions,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5848, pp. 254–258, Oct. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Port, Beyond Booked Solid. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
G. S. Eisenbarth, Ed., Immunoendocrinology: Scientific and Clinical Aspects. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Liu, Z. Hu, and K. Matsuzaki, “Towards Systematic Parallel Programming over MapReduce,” in Euro-Par 2011 Parallel Processing: 17th International Conference, Euro-Par 2011, Bordeaux, France, August 29 - September 2, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, E. Jeannot, R. Namyst, and J. Roman, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “How The Moon Got Its Tilt Explained By New Model,” IFLScience, Nov. 01, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Research and Development: Funding of Jet Aircraft Engines for Fiscal Years 1984-1988,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-89-12FS, Mar. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Torres, “Do family nurse practitioner students understand the physiological changes associated with andropause in men over forty?,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Returning for Friendship, and Drums,” New York Times, p. SP3, Mar. 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine
ISSN (print)1943-0582
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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