How to format your references using the IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Coleman, “Superconductivity. On the verge of magnetism,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6796, pp. 580–581, Aug. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. K. Praetorius and A. C. Mix, “Paleoclimate. Synchronization of North Pacific and Greenland climates preceded abrupt deglacial warming,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 444–448, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. H. R. Hahnloser, A. A. Kozhevnikov, and M. S. Fee, “An ultra-sparse code underlies the generation of neural sequences in a songbird,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6902, pp. 65–70, Sep. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Vita et al., “Understanding the origin of band gap formation in graphene on metals: graphene on Cu/Ir(111),” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5704, Jul. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Mahlberg, A. Gilles, and A. Läsch, Hämatologie. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2004.
An edited book
G. Vrbová, Application of Muscle/Nerve Stimulation in Health and Disease, vol. 4. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Velychko, “Two-Dimensionally Periodic Gratings: Pulsed and Steady-State Waves in an Irregular Floquet Channel,” in Electromagnetic Waves in Complex Systems: Selected Theoretical and Applied Problems, Y. Sirenko and L. Velychko, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 187–224.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine.

Blog post
T. Hale, “There Could Be Some Big Cybersecurity Issues With ‘Pokémon Go,’” IFLScience, Jul. 12, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard, Model Year 2002,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OGC-00-28, Apr. 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. L. Steffan, “An examination of the correlation between ninth grade mathematics grades and student performance on the mathematics portion of the California high school exit examination,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. R. Oestreich, “Finding the Humanity in ‘St. John,’” New York Times, p. C5, Apr. 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine
ISSN (print)1943-0582
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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