How to format your references using the Cell Death and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Death and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michaels AF. Ocean science. Highly active eddies. Science 2007; 316: 992–993.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lill T, Joubert O. Materials science. The cutting edge of plasma etching. Science 2008; 319: 1050–1051.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tassin P, Koschny T, Soukoulis CM. Applied physics. Graphene for terahertz applications. Science 2013; 341: 620–621.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huber R, Ghilardi MF, Massimini M, Tononi G. Local sleep and learning. Nature 2004; 430: 78–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lado EP. The Common Fisheries Policy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
George CW, Liu Z, Woodcock J (eds.). Domain Modeling and the Duration Calculus: International Training School, Shanghai, China, September 17-21. 2007, Advanced Lectures. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Rhebergen S, Cockburn B. Space-Time Hybridizable Discontinuous Galerkin Method for the Advection–Diffusion Equation on Moving and Deforming Meshes. In: de Moura CA, Kubrusly CS (eds). The Courant–Friedrichs–Lewy (CFL) Condition: 80 Years After Its Discovery. Birkhäuser: Boston, MA, 2013, pp 45–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Death and Disease.

Blog post
Davis J. Stem Cells From Pregnant Women Could Reverse Aging In Bones. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Financial Status and Outlook. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nye KM. Crème de Pêche. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Cousin Fran. New York Times. 2010; : E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Death and Disease
AbbreviationCell Death Dis.
ISSN (online)2041-4889
ScopeCancer Research
Cell Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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