How to format your references using the Case Reports in Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Hodges KV. IBI series winner. Solving complex problems. Science. 2012 Nov;338(6111):1164–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bruno JF. The impact of climate change on the world’s marine ecosystems. Science. 2010 Jun;328(5985):1523–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Anderson DG, Burdick JA, Langer R. Materials science. Smart biomaterials. Science. 2004 Sep;305(5692):1923–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Hutchins JRA, Toyoda Y, Hegemann B, Poser I, Hériché J-K, Sykora MM, et al. Systematic analysis of human protein complexes identifies chromosome segregation proteins. Science. 2010 Apr;328(5978):593–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Gilmore R, Lefranc M. The Topology of Chaos. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1
Voelkel NF, Schranz D, editors. The Right Ventricle in Health and Disease. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Hedtke L. Constructing Matrilineal Connections in a Remembering Conversation. In: Dickerson V, editor. Poststructural and Narrative Thinking in Family Therapy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Dermatology.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. Unfolding The Secrets Of Ladybird Wings [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/unfolding-the-secrets-of-ladybird-wings/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Possible Impact if It Had Financed All Highway Expenditures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Moreau GA. Touch and psychotherapy: A journey to the depths of the unconscious and back again. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kenigsberg B. A Generous Peek Behind the Curtain. New York Times. 2017 Oct;C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Dermatology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Dermatol.
ISSN (online)1662-6567
ScopeDermatology

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