How to format your references using the Case Reports in Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Cobb SR. Cognitive disorders: Deep brain stimulation for Rett syndrome. Nature. 2015 Oct;526(7573):331–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kishore S, Stamm S. The snoRNA HBII-52 regulates alternative splicing of the serotonin receptor 2C. Science. 2006 Jan;311(5758):230–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Bezryadin A, Lau CN, Tinkham M. Quantum suppression of superconductivity in ultrathin nanowires. Nature. 2000 Apr;404(6781):971–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Nagarkar SS, Saha T, Desai AV, Talukdar P, Ghosh SK. Metal-organic framework based highly selective fluorescence turn-on probe for hydrogen sulphide. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov;4:7053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Brendel R. Thin-Film Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1
Sabbadini L. Protocollo per la valutazione delle Abilità Prassiche e della Coordinazione Motoria APCM. Milano: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Kaminsky R, Kallweit S, Rossi M, Morbiducci U, Scalise L, Verdonck P, et al. PIV Measurements of Flows in Artificial Heart Valves. In: Schroeder A, Willert CE, editors. Particle Image Velocimetry: New Developments and Recent Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008; pp 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Dermatology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Marine Animals Found Thriving In One Of World’s Most Extreme Environments [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jan [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/marine-animals-found-thriving-one-world-s-most-extreme-environments/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ August 2000 Interim Spending Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Le CT. Academic performance of college students as related to depression from stress. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Williams J. Celebrating Two Centuries of Thoreau. New York Times. 2017 Jan;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Dermatology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Dermatol.
ISSN (online)1662-6567
ScopeDermatology

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