How to format your references using the Case Reports in Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Koen D: Nuts and bolts. International ventures. Nature 2005;434:804.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Heo JB, Sung S: Vernalization-mediated epigenetic silencing by a long intronic noncoding RNA. Science 2011;331:76–79.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Navrotsky A, Mazeina L, Majzlan J: Size-driven structural and thermodynamic complexity in iron oxides. Science 2008;319:1635–1638.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Tashiro A, Sandler VM, Toni N, Zhao C, Gage FH: NMDA-receptor-mediated, cell-specific integration of new neurons in adult dentate gyrus. Nature 2006;442:929–933.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Larsen E, Aarts RM: Audio Bandwidth Extension. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
1
Schättler H: Optimal Control for Mathematical Models of Cancer Therapies: An Application of Geometric Methods. 1st ed. 2015 New York, NY, Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Khairallah M, Kahloun R: Infections of the Eyelids; in Tabbara KF, El-Asrar AMA, Khairallah M (eds): Ocular Infections. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2014, pp 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Dermatology.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J: T. Rex Probably Looked Just As Fearsome As You Thought, Not Fluffy With Feathers. IFLScience 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/t-rex-probably-looked-just-as-fearsome-as-you-thought-not-fluffy-with-feathers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Railroad Safety: FRA’s Staffing Model Cannot Estimate Inspectors Needed for Safety Mission. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Perry EM: Live and let live: Negotiating difference in a diverse urban neighborhood 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Shear MD: ‘Dreamer’ Plan Creator Suing Trump to Save It. New York Times 2017;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Dermatology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Dermatol.
ISSN (online)1662-6567
ScopeDermatology

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