How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirschmann, M. (2006). Earth science: a wet mantle conductor? Nature, 439(7075), E3; discussion E3-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phair, R. D., & Misteli, T. (2000). High mobility of proteins in the mammalian cell nucleus. Nature, 404(6778), 604–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y., Magan, J. J., & Blau, W. J. (2014). A general strategy for hybrid thin film fabrication and transfer onto arbitrary substrates. Scientific reports, 4, 4822.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Potts, R., Behrensmeyer, A. K., Faith, J. T., Tryon, C. A., Brooks, A. S., Yellen, J. E., … Renaut, R. W. (2018). Environmental dynamics during the onset of the Middle Stone Age in eastern Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6384), 86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, W. L., Marn, M. V., & Zawada, C. C. (2010). The Price Advantage. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Badolato, R., & Sozzani, S. (Eds.). (2006). Lymphocyte Trafficking in Health and Disease. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Neuhouser, M. L., Patterson, R. E., Kristal, A. R., & White, E. (2005). Dietary Supplements and Cancer Risk. In A. Bendich & R. J. Deckelbaum (Eds.), Preventive Nutrition: The Comprehensive Guide for Health Professionals (pp. 89–121). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Toxicology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, November 29). The Weirdest Sex Laws From Around The World. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness Improving, But Much Work Remains to Avoid Major Disruptions (No. T-AIMD-99-50). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darvish, H. (2015). Smart Power Grid Synchronization with Nonlinear Estimation (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, September 12). An Intergalactic Odyssey via Puppets, Puns and Knock-Knock Jokes. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Toxicology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1530-7905
ISSN (online)1559-0259
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles