How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hutchinson, J. (2014). Evolutionary developmental biology: Dynasty of the plastic fish. Nature, 513(7516), 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hewak, D., & Gholipour, B. (2012). Materials science. Primed to remember. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6088), 1515–1516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimov, S. A., Schuur, E. A. G., & Chapin, F. S., 3rd. (2006). Climate change. Permafrost and the global carbon budget. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5780), 1612–1613.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Morishita, Y., Yoshizawa, H., Watanabe, M., Ishibashi, K., Muto, S., Kusano, E., & Nagata, D. (2014). siRNAs targeted to Smad4 prevent renal fibrosis in vivo. Scientific reports, 4, 6424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, C. L., Narayanamurthy, V., & Simha, K. R. Y. (2016). Applied Impact Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Al-Khayri, J. M., Jain, S. M., & Johnson, D. V. (Eds.). (2015). Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 2: Asia and Europe. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kipnusu, W. K., Iacob, C., Jasiurkowska-Delaporte, M., Kossack, W., Sangoro, J. R., & Kremer, F. (2014). Rotational Diffusion of Guest Molecules Confined in Uni-directional Nanopores. In F. Kremer (Ed.), Dynamics in Geometrical Confinement (pp. 127–149). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 26). Amazing Drone Footage Of Sudan’s Mysterious & Forgotten Pyramids. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Space Transportation System: Past, Present, Future (No. PSAD-77-113). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holler, J. C. (2015). A phenomenological case study of finding meaning through the developmental nature of a doctoral program in organization change (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, March 4). Syndergaard Has to Take Mets’ Offer. New York Times, p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Toxicology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1530-7905
ISSN (online)1559-0259
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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