How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korgel, B. A. (2005). Materials science. Nanosprings take shape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5741), 1683–1684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nijhout, H. F., & Grunert, L. W. (2010). The cellular and physiological mechanism of wing-body scaling in Manduca sexta. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6011), 1693–1695.
A journal article with 3 authors
Swan, A., Cockerill, M., & Sipp, D. (2013). Advocacy: How to hasten open access. Nature, 495(7442), 442–443.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, J., Xu, F., Hashimshony, T., Keshet, I., & Cedar, H. (2002). Establishment of transcriptional competence in early and late S phase. Nature, 420(6912), 198–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rushton, A. (2011). VHDL for Logic Synthesis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Younos, T., & Parece, T. E. (Eds.). (2016). Sustainable Water Management in Urban Environments (Vol. 47). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Banerjee, R., & Pal, S. (2013). ISM@FIRE-2011 Bengali Monolingual Task: A Frequency-Based Stemmer. In P. Majumder, M. Mitra, P. Bhattacharyya, L. V. Subramaniam, D. Contractor, & P. Rosso (Eds.), Multilingual Information Access in South Asian Languages: Second International Workshop, FIRE 2010, Gandhinagar, India, February 19-21, 2010 and Third International Workshop, FIRE 2011, Bombay, India, December 2-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 51–58). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 15). NASA Astronaut Takes Extraordinary Photographs Of The Great Pyramids. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Telecommunications: Actions Needed for Better Management of Public Safety Spectrum (No. RCED-88-173). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Siani, J. M. (2009). Costs and benefits of cooperative infant care in wild golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wong, E. (2017, June 2). Can China Lead Way on Climate Change? Domestic Divide Could Make It Difficult. New York Times, p. A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Toxicology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1530-7905
ISSN (online)1559-0259
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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