How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, K. (2014). Measurement biases explain discrepancies between the observed and simulated decadal variability of surface incident solar radiation. Scientific reports, 4, 6144.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGuinness, L. P., & Jelezko, F. (2015). Quantum mechanics. Look but don’t touch the metals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6226), 1073–1074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peñuelas, J., Rutishauser, T., & Filella, I. (2009). Ecology. Phenology feedbacks on climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5929), 887–888.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, Q., Piermarocchi, C., Pershin, Y. V., Salamo, G. J., Xiao, M., Wang, X., & Shih, C.-K. (2014). Giant up-conversion efficiency of InGaAs quantum dots in a planar microcavity. Scientific reports, 4, 3953.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, R. (2010). Seven Secrets of the Savvy School Leader. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Bart, F., Cau-di-Coumes, C., Frizon, F., & Lorente, S. (Eds.). (2013). Cement-Based Materials for Nuclear Waste Storage. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marques de Sá, J. P., Silva, L. M. A., Santos, J. M. F., & Alexandre, L. A. (2013). MEE with Discrete Errors. In L. M. A. Silva, J. M. F. Santos, & L. A. Alexandre (Eds.), Minimum Error Entropy Classification (pp. 93–120). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 21). Amazing Timelapse Of Asperatus Clouds Reminds Us That Clouds Can Act As A Fluid Too! IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Supercomputing in Industry (No. T-IMTEC-91-3). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wansapura, A. N. (2010). The role of alpha sodium,potassium-ATPase isoforms in mediating cardiac hypertrophy in response to endogenous cardiotonic steroids (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, May 29). Mets’ Pitching Coach Offers Wisdom and Wit. New York Times, p. D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Toxicology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1530-7905
ISSN (online)1559-0259
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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