How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bürgmann, R. (2014). Earth science: Warning signs of the Iquique earthquake. Nature, 512(7514), 258–259.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deming, D., & Seager, S. (2009). Light and shadow from distant worlds. Nature, 462(7271), 301–306.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roditi, H. A., Fisher, N. S., & Sañudo-Wilhelmy, S. A. (2000). Uptake of dissolved organic carbon and trace elements by zebra mussels. Nature, 407(6800), 78–80.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nahlen, B. L., Korenromp, E. L., Miller, J. M., & Shibuya, K. (2005). Malaria risk: estimating clinical episodes of malaria. Nature, 437(7056), E3; discussion E4-5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thomas, C. G. (2014). Greece. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tari, Z. (2011). On the Performance of Web Services. (A. K. A. Phan, M. Jayasinghe, & V. G. Abhaya, Eds.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Calgaro, C. O., Tanabe, E. H., Bertuol, D. A., Silvas, F. P. C., Espinosa, D. C. R., & Tenório, J. A. S. (2015). Leaching Processes. In H. M. Veit & A. Moura Bernardes (Eds.), Electronic Waste: Recycling Techniques (pp. 39–59). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Toxicology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 4). NASA Finds Huge Galaxy Cluster 8.5 Billion Light-Years From Us. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Needs of the U.S. Coast Guard in Developing an Effective Recreational Boating Safety Program (No. CED-77-11). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winhusen, E. R. (2001). Precambrian Seawater Temperature Analysis Using Oxygen Isotopes from Hamersley Carbonates, Western Australia (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2009, April 12). Sorting Out Their Goals, and Options. New York Times, p. WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Toxicology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1530-7905
ISSN (online)1559-0259
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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