How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochaix, J.-D. (2013). Plant science. Fine-tuning photosynthesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6154), 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aychek, T., & Jung, S. (2014). Immunology. The axis of tolerance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6178), 1439–1440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell, I., Wisdom, J., & Zuber, M. T. (2006). Evidence for a past high-eccentricity lunar orbit. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5787), 652–655.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bethke, A., Fielenbach, N., Wang, Z., Mangelsdorf, D. J., & Antebi, A. (2009). Nuclear hormone receptor regulation of microRNAs controls developmental progression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5923), 95–98.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin, J. E. (2013). Physics for Radiation Protection. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Abascal, J., Barbosa, S., Fetter, M., Gross, T., Palanque, P., & Winckler, M. (Eds.). (2015). Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2015: 15th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Bamberg, Germany, September 14-18, 2015, Proceedings, Part I (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 9296). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nuutila, E., Törmä, S., Kinnunen, P., & Malmi, L. (2008). Learning Programming with the PBL Method — Experiences on PBL Cases and Tutoring. In J. Bennedsen, M. E. Caspersen, & M. Kölling (Eds.), Reflections on the Teaching of Programming: Methods and Implementations (pp. 47–67). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Toxicology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 19). Fish-Eating Spiders Found on Six Continents. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). 2020 Census: Prioritized Information Technology Research and Testing Is Needed for Census Design Decisions (No. GAO-14-389). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tseng, Y. H.-H. (2008). Motivation of participation in inservice training based on problem solving: A modified Delphi study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2007, December 22). A Tortured Voice of a Lost Russian Generation. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Toxicology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)1530-7905
ISSN (online)1559-0259
ScopeMolecular Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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