How to format your references using the Cancer Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Translational Medicine (CTN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Halliwell B. Plasma antioxidants: health benefits of eating chocolate? Nature 2003;426 (6968):787; discussion 788.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kennel C, Dressler A. Space science. Coping with uncertainty in space science planning. Science 2014;343 (6167):140-41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sanders TA, Llagostera E, Barna M. Specialized filopodia direct long-range transport of SHH during vertebrate tissue patterning. Nature 2013;497 (7451):628-32.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Mekel-Bobrov N, Gilbert SL, Evans PD, Vallender EJ, Anderson JR, Hudson RR, Tishkoff SA, Lahn BT. Ongoing adaptive evolution of ASPM, a brain size determinant in Homo sapiens. Science 2005;309 (5741):1720-22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bitam S, Mellouk A. Bio-Inspired Routing Protocols for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Teufel S, Min TA, You I, Weippl E, eds. Availability, Reliability, and Security in Information Systems: IFIP WG 8.4, 8.9, TC 5 International Cross-Domain Conference, CD-ARES 2014 and 4th International Workshop on Security and Cognitive Informatics for Homeland Defense, SeCIHD 2014, Fribourg, Switzerland, September 8-12, 2014. Proceedings. Vol 8708. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Edwards A, Yan H. DNA Origami. In: Kjems J, Ferapontova E, Gothelf KV, editors. Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology. Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 93-133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Translational Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Was Japan’s 6.9M Earthquake Linked To The 2011 Megathrust Disaster? IFLScience November 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. School Lunch Program: Role and Impacts of Private Food Service Companies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lemay M. Understanding the mechanism of panel attrition. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. The Way We Live Now: 8-13-00: ShopTalk; Put Me In, Dad. New York Times. August 13, 2000:622.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Translational Medicine
AbbreviationCancer Transl. Med.
ISSN (print)2395-3977
ISSN (online)2395-3012
Scope

Other styles