How to format your references using the Cancer Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Translational Medicine (CTN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Parasnis D. Proteins and the naked truth about e-commerce. Nature 2000;403 (6766):129-30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Teng MWL, Smyth MJ. Cancer. Can cancer trigger autoimmunity? Science 2014;343 (6167):147-48.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pascalis O, de Haan M, Nelson CA. Is face processing species-specific during the first year of life? Science 2002;296 (5571):1321-23.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Geffeney SL, Fujimoto E, Brodie ED 3rd, Brodie ED Jr, Ruben PC. Evolutionary diversification of TTX-resistant sodium channels in a predator-prey interaction. Nature 2005;434 (7034):759-63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bennett MK. Affine and Projective Geometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1995.
An edited book
1.
Sain S. Customer Knowledge Management: Leveraging Soft Skills to Improve Customer Focus. (Wilde S, editor). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Huchet J-F. From Dirigisme to Realism: Chinese Industrial Policy in the Era of Globalisation. In: Richet X, Delteil V, Dieuaide P, editors. Strategies of Multinational Corporations and Social Regulations: European and Asian Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 57-76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Translational Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Two New Dwarf Planets Discovered in Outer Solar System. IFLScience April 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DHS Multi-Agency Operation Centers Would Benefit from Taking Further Steps to Enhance Collaboration and Coordination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Smith KA. Impact of animal assisted therapy reading instruction on reading performance of homeschooled students. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
THEODORE HERMANBONNIE BURKEDANIEL ROTHFRANKLIN L. TOWBERMARK ARONOFFKATHLEEN KELLY(Prof.) HOWARD A. SCARROWSTEPHEN JOEL TRACHTENBERG. Letters; America’s Burden in the Afghanistan Crisis Impotence in the Face of Soviet Aggression Let Russian Commerce Have an Ice-Free Port Set for San Juan Hill? The Sounds Of Mandarin Sex and the Monarchy A Single-Issue Party’s Clout Errant Philanthropy. New York Times. February 3, 1980:The Week In ReviewE20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Translational Medicine
AbbreviationCancer Transl. Med.
ISSN (print)2395-3977
ISSN (online)2395-3012
Scope

Other styles