How to format your references using the Canadian Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yayanos, A. A. (2002). Are cells viable at gigapascal pressures? Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tigaret, C., & Choquet, D. (2009). Neuroscience. More AMPAR garnish. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1295–1296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakravarty, S., Kee, H.-Y., & Völker, K. (2004). An explanation for a universality of transition temperatures in families of copper oxide superconductors. Nature, 428(6978), 53–55.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Favrin, G., Bean, D. M., Bilsland, E., Boyer, H., Fischer, B. E., Russell, S., Crowther, D. C., Baylis, H. A., Oliver, S. G., & Giannakou, M. E. (2013). Identification of novel modifiers of Aβ toxicity by transcriptomic analysis in the fruitfly. Scientific Reports, 3, 3512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedlacek, H. H., Sapienza, A. M., & Eid, V. (2008). Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Tangpricha, V. (Ed.). (2016). Vitamin D: A Clinical Casebook (1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Povh, B., Rith, K., Scholz, C., Zetsche, F., & Rodejohann, W. (2015). Geometric Shapes of Nuclei. In K. Rith, C. Scholz, F. Zetsche, & W. Rodejohann (Eds.), Particles and Nuclei: An Introduction to the Physical Concepts (pp. 55–74). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, October 9). Tech Start-Up Creates Environmentally Friendly And Meat-Free Cheeseburgers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Federal Library Support Programs: Progress and Problems (MWD-75-4). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mcfarlane, N. (2010). Information power efficiency tradeoffs in mixed signal CMOS circuits [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, December 14). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: U.S. Begins Return Of Soviet Documents. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yayanos, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Tigaret & Choquet, 2009; Yayanos, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tigaret & Choquet, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Chakravarty et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Favrin et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Psychology
AbbreviationCan. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0708-5591
ISSN (online)1878-7304
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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