How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swartz, K. J. (2008). Sensing voltage across lipid membranes. Nature, 456(7224), 891–897.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lister, A. M., & Sher, A. V. (2015). Evolution and dispersal of mammoths across the Northern Hemisphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6262), 805–809.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitmarsh, R. B., Manatschal, G., & Minshull, T. A. (2001). Evolution of magma-poor continental margins from rifting to seafloor spreading. Nature, 413(6852), 150–154.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Quinlan, M. E., Heuser, J. E., Kerkhoff, E., & Mullins, R. D. (2005). Drosophila Spire is an actin nucleation factor. Nature, 433(7024), 382–388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S. M. (2011). The New CEO Corporate Leadership Manual. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hackl, K. (Ed.). (2010). IUTAM Symposium on Variational Concepts with Applications to the Mechanics of Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Variational Concepts with Applications to the Mechanics of Materials, Bochum, Germany, September 22-26, 2008 (Vol. 21). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Richards, H. (2013). Influence and Incentives in Financial Institution Supervision. In A. J. Kellermann, J. de Haan, & F. de Vries (Eds.), Financial Supervision in the 21st Century (pp. 73–102). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 16). Mutations of Cancer ‘Stem Cells’ Tracked For The First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.‘stem-cells’-tracked-first-time/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Reducing Congestion: Congestion Pricing Has Promise for Improving Use of Transportation Infrastructure (GAO-03-735T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watts, K. S. (2008). The Effectiveness of a Social Story Intervention in Decreasing Disruptive Behavior in Autistic Children [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1994, May 29). PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swartz, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lister & Sher, 2015; Swartz, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lister & Sher, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Whitmarsh et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Quinlan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationCan. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0008-4212
ISSN (online)1205-7541
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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