How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Field, J. K. (2014). Perspective: The screening imperative. Nature, 513(7517), S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Page, J., & Ware, M. (2015). Perspective: Close the knowledge gap. Nature, 525(7570), S9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melchor, R. N., De Valais, S., & Genise, J. F. (2002). Bird-like fossil footprints from the Late Triassic. Nature, 417(6892), 936–938.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xiao, R., Miljkovic, N., Enright, R., & Wang, E. N. (2013). Immersion condensation on oil-infused heterogeneous surfaces for enhanced heat transfer. Scientific Reports, 3, 1988.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2013). Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sloane, A., & Aßmann, U. (Eds.). (2012). Software Language Engineering: 4th International Conference, SLE 2011, Braga, Portugal, July 3-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 6940). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dušek, J., & Jindra, T. (2012). Measuring Biomechanics of the Vision Process, Sensory Fusion and Image Observation Features. In R. M. Natal Jorge, J. M. R. S. Tavares, M. Pinotti Barbosa, & A. P. Slade (Eds.), Technologies for Medical Sciences (pp. 87–112). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 21). Supernova Core Imaged For the First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Need for Additional Bilingual Education Teachers and the Availability of Training Programs To Prepare Them for Classroom Service (B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Underwood, V. L. (2010). The effect of guided reading instruction on reading achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2014, October 10). Weary of War and Ready to Laugh. New York Times, C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Field, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Field, 2014; Page & Ware, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Page & Ware, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Melchor et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xiao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationCan. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0008-4212
ISSN (online)1205-7541
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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