How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanchez, P. A. (2009). A smarter way to combat hunger. Nature, 458(7235), 148.
A journal article with 2 authors
May, M., & Brody, H. (2015). Nature Index 2015 Global. Nature, 522(7556), S1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Domnisoru, C., Kinkhabwala, A. A., & Tank, D. W. (2013). Membrane potential dynamics of grid cells. Nature, 495(7440), 199–204.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xie, W., Guo, L., Jiao, X., Yang, N., Yang, X., Wu, Q., Wang, S., Zhou, X., & Zhang, Y. (2014). Transcriptomic dissection of sexual differences in Bemisia tabaci, an invasive agricultural pest worldwide. Scientific Reports, 4, 4088.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jelaska, D. (2012). Gears and Gear Drives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jiang, G. (2013). Advanced Thermal Management Materials (L. Diao & K. Kuang, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Uzun, E., Lorenzi, D., Atluri, V., Vaidya, J., & Sural, S. (2015). Migrating from DAC to RBAC. In P. Samarati (Ed.), Data and Applications Security and Privacy XXIX: 29th Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference, DBSec 2015, Fairfax, VA, USA, July 13-15, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 69–84). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 10). Why Is It So Hard To Close The Racial Health Gap In The US? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Federal Research: Concerns About Developing and Producing Magnets for the Superconducting Super Collider (T-RCED-91-51). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marshall, L. D. (2015). The jeweled net, sacred landscape, and the vision of the heart [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Winerip, M., Schwirtz, M., & Robbins, T. (2016, April 11). New York State Taking on Union of Prison Guards. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sanchez, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (May & Brody, 2015; Sanchez, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (May & Brody, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Domnisoru et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xie et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationCan. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0008-4212
ISSN (online)1205-7541
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles