How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kimble, H. J. (2008). The quantum internet. Nature, 453(7198), 1023–1030.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sharp, W. D., & Clague, D. A. (2006). 50-Ma initiation of Hawaiian-Emperor bend records major change in Pacific plate motion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5791), 1281–1284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg, V. C., Panthani, M. G., & Korgel, B. A. (2009). Phase transitions, melting dynamics, and solid-state diffusion in a nano test tube. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5951), 405–407.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shibuya, A., Itoh, T., Tukey, R. H., & Fujiwara, R. (2013). Impact of fatty acids on human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 activity and its expression in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Scientific Reports, 3, 2903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I. (2005). Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and Microsoft Office Excel ®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cousteix, J. (2007). Asymptotic Analysis and Boundary Layers. (J. Mauss, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakamura, S., Konishi, S., Jatowt, A., Ohshima, H., Kondo, H., Tezuka, T., … Tanaka, K. (2007). Trustworthiness Analysis of Web Search Results. In L. Kovács, N. Fuhr, & C. Meghini (Eds.), Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 11th European Conference, ECDL 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 16-21, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 38–49). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, August 2). Curious Link Discovered Between Women Who Have Had Their Appendix Removed And An Increase In Fertility. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Review of the State of Ohio’s Fiscal Year 1975 State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children (No. 088675). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach, K. M. (2010). Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005, October 28). For Now, and Possibly This Year, Talk of a Vacancy on the Court Appears to Be Mere Talk. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kimble, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kimble, 2008; Sharp & Clague, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sharp & Clague, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Holmberg, Panthani, & Korgel, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shibuya, Itoh, Tukey, & Fujiwara, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationCan. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0008-4212
ISSN (online)1205-7541
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles