How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002). Boston: a magnetic hub. Nature, 417(6886), 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, M. A., & Febria, C. M. (2012). Ecology. The heartbeat of ecosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6087), 1393–1394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Warner, D. A., Uller, T., & Shine, R. (2013). Transgenerational sex determination: the embryonic environment experienced by a male affects offspring sex ratio. Scientific Reports, 3, 2709.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Blekhman, R., Perry, G. H., Shahbaz, S., Fiehn, O., Clark, A. G., & Gilad, Y. (2014). Comparative metabolomics in primates reveals the effects of diet and gene regulatory variation on metabolic divergence. Scientific Reports, 4, 5809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burnett, R., Brunstrom, A., & Nilsson, A. G. (2005). Perspectives on Multimedia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zaidi, H. (Ed.). (2014). Molecular Imaging of Small Animals: Instrumentation and Applications. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh, M., Anandan, S. K., Malik, S., Sistla, S., & Wright, S. (2013). Excel Services. In S. K. Anandan, S. Malik, S. Sistla, & S. Wright (Eds.), Pro SharePoint 2013 Business Intelligence Solutions (pp. 247–303). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 12). Lava Flow In Hawaii Incinerates Its First House. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Surface Transportation: Department of Transportation Should Measure the Overall Performance and Outcomes of the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program (GAO-14-766). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duran, P. E. (2010). Factors and prevention strategies to fight childhood obesity [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2011, November 6). Risks Seen In Perry Plan For Switch To Pensions. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Palmer & Febria, 2012; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer & Febria, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Warner et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Blekhman et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationCan. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0008-4212
ISSN (online)1205-7541
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles