How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Starting the brain gain. Nature, 427(6971), 267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milo, R., & Last, R. L. (2012). Achieving diversity in the face of constraints: lessons from metabolism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6089), 1663–1667.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bowler, C., Karl, D. M., & Colwell, R. R. (2009). Microbial oceanography in a sea of opportunity. Nature, 459(7244), 180–184.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, Y.-C., Jin, E., Jung, S. W., Kim, Y.-M., Chang, K. S., Yang, J.-W., Kim, S.-W., Kim, Y.-O., & Shin, H.-J. (2013). Utilizing the algicidal activity of aminoclay as a practical treatment for toxic red tides. Scientific Reports, 3, 1292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kyan, M., Muneesawang, P., Jarrah, K., & Guan, L. (2014). Unsupervised Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Goodwin, G. C. (2005). Constrained Control and Estimation: An Optimisation Approach (J. A. D. Doná & M. M. Seron, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pfeiffer, F. (2008). Dynamics of Hydraulic Systems. In F. Pfeiffer (Ed.), Mechanical System Dynamics (pp. 187–212). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 12). Soft Robot Keeps Moving, Even After Getting Run Over By A Car. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Federal Communications Commission: International Settlement Rates (OGC-97-63). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gada, K. K. (2015). Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., & Chapman, M. M. (2015, November 22). Union Vote at Ford and G.M. Ends Painful Process for Big Three. New York Times, A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Milo & Last, 2012; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milo & Last, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Bowler et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lee et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Experimental Psychology
AbbreviationCan. J. Exp. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1196-1961
ISSN (online)1878-7290
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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