How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon, D. (2000). Canada plans reduction in greenhouse-gas emissions. Nature, 407(6806), 824.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stixrude, L., & Peacor, D. R. (2002). First-principles study of illite-smectite and implications for clay mineral systems. Nature, 420(6912), 165–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmith, T., Johansen, S., & Thejll, P. (2007). Comment on “A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1866; author reply 1866.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Di Martino, D., Beverina, L., Sassi, M., Brovelli, S., Tubino, R., & Meinardi, F. (2014). Straightforward fabrication of stable white LEDs by embedding of inorganic UV-LEDs into bulk polymerized polymethyl-methacrylate doped with organic dyes. Scientific Reports, 4, 4400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wartenberg, T. E. (2013). A Sneetch Is a Sneetch and Other Philosophical Discoveries. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Zamojski, W., Mazurkiewicz, J., Sugier, J., Walkowiak, T., & Kacprzyk, J. (Eds.). (2016). Dependability Engineering and Complex Systems: Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Dependability and Complex Systems DepCoS-RELCOMEX. June 27–July 1, 2016, Brunów, Poland. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Holmstrup, P., & Nielsen, C. H. (2016). Linkage Between Periodontal Disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis. In A. M. Lynge Pedersen (Ed.), Oral Infections and General Health: From Molecule to Chairside (pp. 45–51). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 16). Watch This Year’s “Firefall’’ Light Up Yosemite Once Again.” Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Motor Carriers: Better Information Needed to Assess Effectiveness and Efficiency of Safety Interventions (No. GAO-17-49). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Betts, K. (2017). Ready, Steady, Putt! An Exhibition About the History of Miniature Golf in America (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M. (2013, November 15). Murder Charge In a Case Tied To Race Issues. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Spurgeon, 2000; Stixrude & Peacor, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stixrude & Peacor, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Schmith, Johansen, & Thejll, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Di Martino et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Experimental Psychology
AbbreviationCan. J. Exp. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1196-1961
ISSN (online)1878-7290
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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