How to format your references using the Canada Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canada Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Coughlin SR. Thrombin signalling and protease-activated receptors. Nature. 2000 Sep 14;407(6801):258–64.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sun JC, Bevan MJ. Defective CD8 T cell memory following acute infection without CD4 T cell help. Science. 2003 Apr 11;300(5617):339–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Monteggia LM, Malenka RC, Deisseroth K. Depression: the best way forward. Nature. 2014 Nov 13;515(7526):200–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kim K-H, Kumar B, Lee KY, Park H-K, Lee J-H, Lee HH, et al. Piezoelectric two-dimensional nanosheets/anionic layer heterojunction for efficient direct current power generation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vitetta GM, Taylor DP, Colavolpe G, Pancaldi F, Martin PA. Wireless Communications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Carey FA. Advanced Organic Chemistry: Part A: Structure and Mechanisms. 5th ed. Sundberg RJ, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. XLII, 1203 p. (Advanced Organic Chemistry).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cunnington A, Patel S, Lyall H. Why Are Some Babies Still Being Infected with HIV in the UK? In: Finn A, Curtis N, Pollard AJ, editors. Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children VI. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 57–71. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canada Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Male Worm Brains are Wired to Choose Sex Over Food [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/male-worm-brains-are-wired-choose-sex-over-food/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Agriculture ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jun. Report No.: IMTEC-90-62FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Volle M. Exploring the relationship of meetings to organizational culture and values [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Even the Reliable Must Face the Inevitable. New York Times. 2009 Dec 20;SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCanada Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationCan. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)0008-4263
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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