How to format your references using the Canada Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canada Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strohman R. Maneuvering in the complex path from genotype to phenotype. Science. 2002 Apr 26;296(5568):701–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang GX, Poo M-M. Requirement of TRPC channels in netrin-1-induced chemotropic turning of nerve growth cones. Nature. 2005 Apr 14;434(7035):898–904.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye F, Burns MJ, Naughton MJ. Structured metal thin film as an asymmetric color filter: the forward and reverse plasmonic halos. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 1;4:7267.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brooks BA, Foster J, Sandwell D, Wolfe CJ, Okubo P, Poland M, et al. Magmatically triggered slow slip at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii. Science. 2008 Aug 29;321(5893):1177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agachi PŞ, Nagy ZK, Cristea MV, Imre-Lucaci Á. Model Based Control. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
Davis PJ. The Mathematical Experience, Study Edition. Hersh R, Marchisotto EA, editors. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2012. XXV, 500 p. 139 illus. (Modern Birkhäuser Classics).
A chapter in an edited book
Maher CA, Sran MK, Yankelewitz D. Towers: Schemes, Strategies, and Arguments. In: Maher CA, Powell AB, Uptegrove EB, editors. Combinatorics and Reasoning: Representing, Justifying and Building Isomorphisms. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 27–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canada Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Luntz S. Chance Events Make Altruism Inevitable [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Final Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: RCED-89-129BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolb JN. What’s professional development got to do with it? The value of lesson study in implementing the common core standards for mathematical practices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. In Every Breath, a Cancer Risk? New York Times. 2016 Jan 26;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCanada Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationCan. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)0008-4263
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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