How to format your references using the Cambridge Journal of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Journal of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pronin, E. (2008). How we see ourselves and how we see others. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5880), 1177–1180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fesik, S. W., & Shi, Y. (2001). Structural biology. Controlling the caspases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546), 1477–1478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bormashenko, E., Musin, A., & Grynyov, R. (2014). Scaling law governing the roughness of the swash edge line. Scientific Reports, 4, 6243.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wienholds, E., Kloosterman, W. P., Miska, E., Alvarez-Saavedra, E., Berezikov, E., de Bruijn, E., … Plasterk, R. H. A. (2005). MicroRNA expression in zebrafish embryonic development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732), 310–311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyner, M. (2009). Integration Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jia, L., Liu, Z., Qin, Y., Ding, R., & Diao, L. (Eds.). (2016). Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Electrical and Information Technologies for Rail Transportation: Electrical Traction (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 377). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bahadur, R., & Samuels, W. B. (2011). Drinking Water Critical Infrastructure and Its Protection. In R. M. Clark, S. Hakim, & A. Ostfeld (Eds.), Handbook of Water and Wastewater Systems Protection (pp. 65–85). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Journal of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 17). Is It True Only Half Your Friends Actually Like You? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). State Department: Problems in the Diplomatic Courier System (No. NSIAD-89-39). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gerhart, T. (2013). Convex optimization techniques and their application in hyperspectral video processing (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, June 30). Executive In-Baskets Meant for a Park Picnic. New York Times, p. 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gee, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Matzke, 2016; Soker, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fesik & Shi, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Bormashenko, Musin, & Grynyov, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chikkatur et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Journal of Education
AbbreviationCamb. J. Educ.
ISSN (print)0305-764X
ISSN (online)1469-3577

Other styles