How to format your references using the Cambridge Journal of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Journal of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A. (2000). ASIAN-AMERICAN SCIENTISTS: Silent No Longer: “Model Minority” Mobilizes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5494), 1072–1077.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junge, W., & Müller, D. J. (2011). Biochemistry. Seeing a molecular motor at work. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6043), 704–705.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishimune, H., Sanes, J. R., & Carlson, S. S. (2004). A synaptic laminin-calcium channel interaction organizes active zones in motor nerve terminals. Nature, 432(7017), 580–587.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, L., Gu, Q., Zhou, X., Lee, S., Xia, Y., & Liu, Z. (2013). New-concept batteries based on aqueous Li+/Na+ mixed-ion electrolytes. Scientific Reports, 3, 1946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandou, G. (2013). Metaheuristic Optimization for the Design of Automatic Control Laws. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chahl, J. S., Jain, L. C., Mizutani, A., & Sato-Ilic, M. (Eds.). (2007). Innovations in Intelligent Machines - 1 (Vol. 70). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Patel, M., & Nagl, S. (2010). Complexity and Model Integration: Formalisations. In S. Nagl (Ed.), The Role of Model Integration in Complex Systems Modelling: An Example from Cancer Biology (pp. 57–76). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Journal of Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, April 16). Bone Study Suggests Neanderthals Manipulated Bodies of the Recently Deceased. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program (GAO-11-21). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gaudet, C. J. (2013). A General Approach to the Direct Detection of Dark Matter [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006, August 27). Jets Overhead, Noise Complaints Below. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Junge & Müller, 2011; Lawler, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Junge & Müller, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Nishimune et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Journal of Education
AbbreviationCamb. J. Educ.
ISSN (print)0305-764X
ISSN (online)1469-3577

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