How to format your references using the Cambridge Journal of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cambridge Journal of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hermann, T. (2015). Non-coding RNA: Antibiotic tricks a switch. Nature, 526(7575), 650–651.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butte, N. F., & Ellis, K. J. (2003). Comment on “Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5633), 598; author reply 598.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rabitz, H. A., Hsieh, M. M., & Rosenthal, C. M. (2004). Quantum optimally controlled transition landscapes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1998–2001.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Seneviratne, S. I., Rogelj, J., Séférian, R., Wartenburger, R., Allen, M. R., Cain, M., Millar, R. J., Ebi, K. L., Ellis, N., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Payne, A. J., Schleussner, C.-F., Tschakert, P., & Warren, R. F. (2018). The many possible climates from the Paris Agreement’s aim of 1.5 °C warming. Nature, 558(7708), 41–49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franssen, J.-M., & Vila Real, P. (2016). Fire Design of Steel Structures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Lichtfouse, E. (Ed.). (2015). Sustainable Agriculture Reviews: Volume 18 (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 18). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rothschild, B. M., Schultze, H.-P., & Pellegrini, R. (2012). Annotated Bibliography A-C. In H.-P. Schultze & R. Pellegrini (Eds.), Herpetological Osteopathology: Annotated Bibliography of Amphibians and Reptiles (pp. 55–115). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cambridge Journal of Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 11). New Rocky “Venus Twin” Exoplanet Discovered. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Shared Resources Project: Evaluation Report (No. 142798). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, T.-W. D. (2003). Isolation and Characterization of pco-1, which Encodes a Regulatory Protein that Controls Purine Degradation in Neurospora crassa [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, May 26). Hamilton Minus Music. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hermann, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Butte & Ellis, 2003; Hermann, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butte & Ellis, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Rabitz et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Seneviratne et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCambridge Journal of Education
AbbreviationCamb. J. Educ.
ISSN (print)0305-764X
ISSN (online)1469-3577

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