How to format your references using the Business and Economic Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business and Economic Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forde, A. (2005). The class of 2005: Germany. Tracking pollutants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5747), 521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghose, G. M., & Maunsell, J. H. R. (2002). Attentional modulation in visual cortex depends on task timing. Nature, 419(6907), 616–620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altewischer, E., van Exter, M. P., & Woerdman, J. P. (2002). Plasmon-assisted transmission of entangled photons. Nature, 418(6895), 304–306.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Thornton, J. A., Kercher, J. P., Riedel, T. P., Wagner, N. L., Cozic, J., Holloway, J. S., Dubé, W. P., Wolfe, G. M., Quinn, P. K., Middlebrook, A. M., Alexander, B., & Brown, S. S. (2010). A large atomic chlorine source inferred from mid-continental reactive nitrogen chemistry. Nature, 464(7286), 271–274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Oden, J. T. (2011). An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wimmer, M. A., Scholl, H. J., Grönlund, Å., & Andersen, K. V. (Eds.). (2006). Electronic Government: 5th International Conference, EGOV 2006, Kraków, Poland, September 4-8, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 4084). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Danuser, B. (2014). The Role of Psychosocial Factors in Musculoskeletal Disorders. In O. Hämmig (Ed.), Bridging Occupational, Organizational and Public Health: A Transdisciplinary Approach (pp. 69–90). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business and Economic Horizons.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, November 13). Female Promiscuity Prevents Infanticide, Leads to Bigger Balls. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Initial Expenditure Plan (AIMD/GGD-99-206). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrugia, T. J. (2010). Abundance, habitat use and movement patterns of the shovelnose guitarfish (Rhinobatus productus) in a restored Southern California estuary [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011, June 24). Panel to Scrutinize Causes Behind Weak State Budgets. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forde, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Forde, 2005; Ghose & Maunsell, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghose & Maunsell, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Altewischer et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Thornton et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness and Economic Horizons
ISSN (print)1804-1205
ISSN (online)1804-5006

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