How to format your references using the Business and Economic Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business and Economic Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCarty, M. (2003). Discovering genes are made of DNA. Nature, 421(6921), 406.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mayr, G., & Manegold, A. (2013). Can ovarian follicles fossilize? Nature, 499(7457), E1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beal, E. J., House, C. H., & Orphan, V. J. (2009). Manganese- and iron-dependent marine methane oxidation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5937), 184–187.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Neese, B., Chu, B., Lu, S.-G., Wang, Y., Furman, E., & Zhang, Q. M. (2008). Large electrocaloric effect in ferroelectric polymers near room temperature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5890), 821–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broekaert, J. A. C. (2005). Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Margottini, C., Canuti, P., & Sassa, K. (Eds.). (2013). Landslide Science and Practice: Volume 5: Complex Environment. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lahiry, A., Datta, A., & Tripathy, S. (2016). Active and Entire Candidate Sector Channel Utilization Based Close Loop Antenna Array Amplitude Control Technique for UMTS and CDMA Networks to Counter Non Uniform Cell Breathing. In S. Berretti, S. M. Thampi, & S. Dasgupta (Eds.), Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications: Volume 2 (pp. 33–44). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business and Economic Horizons.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 15). Did Ancient Humans Help Create The Sahara Desert? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Transatlantic Aviation: Effects of Easing Restrictions on U.S.-European Markets (GAO-04-835). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarroll, M. L. (2005). Exercise and Airway Clearing Devices in Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programs for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora, M. (2016, January 15). Crash Kills 3 College Students on Medical Mission in Honduras. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCarty, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mayr & Manegold, 2013; McCarty, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mayr & Manegold, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Beal et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Neese et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness and Economic Horizons
ISSN (print)1804-1205
ISSN (online)1804-5006

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