How to format your references using the Business and Economic Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business and Economic Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wynne, C. D. L. (2004). The perils of anthropomorphism. Nature, 428(6983), 606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottesman, S., & Maurizi, M. R. (2001). Cell biology. Surviving starvation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 614–615.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimmerman, A., Bai, L., & Ginty, D. D. (2014). The gentle touch receptors of mammalian skin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6212), 950–954.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Marchis, F., Descamps, P., Hestroffer, D., & Berthier, J. (2005). Discovery of the triple asteroidal system 87 Sylvia. Nature, 436(7052), 822–824.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esmailzadeh, R. (2006). Broadband Wireless Communications Business. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kovacevic, R. M., Pflug, G. C., & Vespucci, M. T. (Eds.). (2013). Handbook of Risk Management in Energy Production and Trading (Vol. 199). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Toben, T., Eilers, S., Kuka, C., Schweigert, S., Winkelmann, H., & Ruehrup, S. (2012). Safe Autonomous Transport Vehicles in Heterogeneous Outdoor Environments. In R. Hähnle, J. Knoop, T. Margaria, D. Schreiner, & B. Steffen (Eds.), Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification, and Validation: International Workshops, SARS 2011 and MLSC 2011, Held Under the Auspices of ISoLA 2011 in Vienna, Austria, October 17-18, 2011. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 61–75). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business and Economic Horizons.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 14). How Big Are The Largest Marine Animals? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Information Technology: Challenges Remain for VA’s Sharing of Electronic Health Records with DOD (GAO-09-427T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, A. P. (2013). The Leadership Potential of School Librarians [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., & Sengupta, S. (2016, December 18). U.N. Reaches Deal to Oversee Aleppo Evacuations Amid New Obstacles. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wynne, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gottesman & Maurizi, 2001; Wynne, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gottesman & Maurizi, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Zimmerman et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Marchis et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness and Economic Horizons
ISSN (print)1804-1205
ISSN (online)1804-5006

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