How to format your references using the Business and Economic Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business and Economic Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart, M. (2003). Structural biology. Nuclear trafficking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1513–1514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Colautti, R. I., & Barrett, S. C. H. (2013). Rapid adaptation to climate facilitates range expansion of an invasive plant. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6156), 364–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hembacher, S., Giessibl, F. J., & Mannhart, J. (2004). Force microscopy with light-atom probes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5682), 380–383.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rutter, J., Reick, M., Wu, L. C., & McKnight, S. L. (2001). Regulation of clock and NPAS2 DNA binding by the redox state of NAD cofactors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5529), 510–514.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodriguez, J., & Bonne, D. (2015). Stereoselective Multiple Bond-Forming Transformations in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Williams, K., March, L., & Wassell, S. R. (Eds.). (2010). The Mathematical Works of Leon Battista Alberti. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jóźwiak, W., Jankowski, J., & Ernst, T. (2014). Natural Variations of the Geomagnetic Field: Observations and Application to Study of the Earth’s Interior and Ionosphere. In R. Bialik, M. Majdański, & M. Moskalik (Eds.), Achievements, History and Challenges in Geophysics: 60th Anniversary of the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences (pp. 65–84). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business and Economic Horizons.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 12). River Dolphin Sonar Is Well-Suited For Life In The Busy Amazon. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). A Judgmental Call: Measuring the Safety of the Airlines (No. 135528). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villanueva, R. (2015). Issues of performance practice: The influence of Franz Strauss upon Richard Strauss’s Horn Concerto No. 1 [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013, November 21). His Runway Has a Backbeat. New York Times, E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Colautti & Barrett, 2013; Stewart, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Colautti & Barrett, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Hembacher et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rutter et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness and Economic Horizons
ISSN (print)1804-1205
ISSN (online)1804-5006

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