How to format your references using the Business and Economic Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business and Economic Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paterlini, M. (2011). Anthropology: The Iceman defrosted. Nature, 471(7336), 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schachman, H. K., & Cassman, M. (2009). Retrospective. Ruth L. Kirschstein (1926-2009). Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5955), 947.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstner, W., Sprekeler, H., & Deco, G. (2012). Theory and simulation in neuroscience. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 60–65.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bobrowski, N., Hönninger, G., Galle, B., & Platt, U. (2003). Detection of bromine monoxide in a volcanic plume. Nature, 423(6937), 273–276.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bahadori, A. (2013). Waste Management in the Chemical and Petroleum Industries. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Brucker, P. (2006). Complex Scheduling. (S. Knust, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zaccone, A., & Melzi, C. (2010). The PRIM (Integrated Regional Programme for Risk Assessment and Management) by Lombardy Region. In A. Brugnoli (Ed.), Dangerous Materials: Control, Risk Prevention and Crisis Management: From New Global Threats to New Global Responses: A Picture of Transition (pp. 71–77). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business and Economic Horizons.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 6). NASA Mission Brings Pluto Into Sharp Focus – but it’s Still Not a Planet. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). A Judgmental Call: Measuring the Safety of the Airlines (No. 135528). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rabalais, M. E. (2014). STEAM: A National Study of the Integration of the Arts Into STEM Instruction and its Impact on Student Achievement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2011, August 28). A No. 2 Theater Company Grabs the State Spotlight. New York Times, p. A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paterlini, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Paterlini, 2011; Schachman & Cassman, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schachman & Cassman, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Gerstner, Sprekeler, & Deco, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bobrowski, Hönninger, Galle, & Platt, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness and Economic Horizons
ISSN (print)1804-1205
ISSN (online)1804-5006

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