How to format your references using the Business and Economic Horizons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business and Economic Horizons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E. (2006). Biomedical funding remains flat. Nature, 439(7077), 644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Y., & Dohlman, H. G. (2004). Pheromone signaling mechanisms in yeast: a prototypical sex machine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1508–1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty, P., Gioia, G., & Kieffer, S. W. (2009). Volcanic mesocyclones. Nature, 458(7237), 497–500.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jonietz, F., Mühlbauer, S., Pfleiderer, C., Neubauer, A., Münzer, W., Bauer, A., … Rosch, A. (2010). Spin transfer torques in MnSi at ultralow current densities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6011), 1648–1651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, F. (2013). Cognitive Therapy for Addiction. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Awange, J. L. (2006). Lake Victoria: Ecology, Resources, Environment. (O. Ong’ang’a, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abul-Soad, A. A., Mahdi, S. M., & Markhand, G. S. (2015). Date Palm Status and Perspective in Pakistan. In J. M. Al-Khayri, S. M. Jain, & D. V. Johnson (Eds.), Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 2: Asia and Europe (pp. 153–205). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business and Economic Horizons.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, April 5). The Bizarre Story Of Japan’s First Astronaut. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel Implementing Financial Systems in the Federal Government (No. JFMIP-ET-98-2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, C. (2017). Tattooing and the Generalized Other (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2014, August 19). The Intelligent-Life Lottery. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2006, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Dohlman, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Chakraborty, Gioia, & Kieffer, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jonietz et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness and Economic Horizons
ISSN (print)1804-1205
ISSN (online)1804-5006

Other styles