How to format your references using the BrewingScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BrewingScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmidt, C.: Cancer: Reshaping the cancer clinic, Nature, 527 (2015), no. 7576, pp. S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spradling, A.C. and Zheng, Y.: Developmental biology. The mother of all stem cells?, Science (New York, N.Y.), 315 (2007), no. 5811, pp. 469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCarty, K.F.; Nobel, J.A. and Bartelt, N.C.: Vacancies in solids and the stability of surface morphology, Nature, 412 (2001), no. 6847, pp. 622–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, H.; Linke, W.A.; Oberhauser, A.F.; Carrion-Vazquez, M.; Kerkvliet, J.G.; Lu, H.; Marszalek, P.E. and Fernandez, J.M.: Reverse engineering of the giant muscle protein titin, Nature, 418 (2002), no. 6901, pp. 998–1002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sofronas, A.: Analytical Troubleshooting of Process Machinery and Pressure Vessels, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Gelbukh, A. ed.: Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 16th International Conference, CICLing 2015, Cairo, Egypt, April 14-20, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
D’Silva, V.; Haller, L.; Kroening, D. and Tautschnig, M.: Numeric Bounds Analysis with Conflict-Driven Learning, Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 18th International Conference, TACAS 2012, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2012, Tallinn, Estonia, March 24 – April 1, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp. 48–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BrewingScience.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Investing In Science Can Help Put Food On Africa’s Plates, IFLScience,, accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: SSI Disability Issues1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharp, K.: The Epistolary Form: A Familiar Fiction2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pennington, B.: After the Heisman, a Long, Lonely Slide, New York Times, (2016), p. B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleBrewingScience
ISSN (print)1866-5195
ISSN (online)1613-2041

Other styles