How to format your references using the BrewingScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BrewingScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Honjo, T.: Obituary: Yasutomi Nishizuka (1932-2004), Nature, 432 (2004), no. 7020, p. 966.
A journal article with 2 authors
Galant, R. and Carroll, S.B.: Evolution of a transcriptional repression domain in an insect Hox protein, Nature, 415 (2002), no. 6874, pp. 910–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lebedev, S.; Chevrot, S. and van der Hilst, R.D.: Seismic evidence for olivine phase changes at the 410- and 660-kilometer discontinuities, Science (New York, N.Y.), 296 (2002), no. 5571, pp. 1300–1302.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huo, F.; Zheng, Z.; Zheng, G.; Giam, L.R.; Zhang, H. and Mirkin, C.A.: Polymer pen lithography, Science (New York, N.Y.), 321 (2008), no. 5896, pp. 1658–1660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bécherrawy, T.: Mechanical and Electromagnetic Vibrations and Waves, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Iacobelli, P.; Leary, D. and Takahashi, S. eds.: Transnational Japan as History: Empire, Migration, and Social Movements, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
van Hillegersberg, R.: Esophagectomy for Cancer, Robotic Surgery: Current Applications and New Trends, Springer, Milano, 2015, pp. 43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BrewingScience.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Stephen Hawking’s Interstellar Mission To Alpha Centauri Gets Help From NASA To Deal With Radiation, IFLScience,, accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Station: NASA Efforts To Establish a Design-To-Life-Cycle Cost Process1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson, T.: Assessing the determinants of information technology adoption in Jamaica’s public sector using the technology acceptance model2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Simonson, J.: Nothing Is Free, New York Times, (2017), p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleBrewingScience
ISSN (print)1866-5195
ISSN (online)1613-2041

Other styles