How to format your references using the BrewingScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BrewingScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steinhardt, P.: Big Bang blunder bursts the multiverse bubble, Nature, 510 (2014), no. 7503, p. 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X. and Zhou, Z.: Palaeontology: pterosaur embryo from the Early Cretaceous, Nature, 429 (2004), no. 6992, p. 621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marte, B.; Eccleston, A. and Nath, D.: Molecular cancer diagnostics, Nature, 452 (2008), no. 7187, p. 547.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, Y.-S.; Chu, C.-C.; Lin, J.-J.; Chang, C.-C.; Wang, C.-C.; Wang, C.-Y. and Tsui, P.-H.: Optical coherence tomography: a new strategy to image planarian regeneration, Scientific reports, 4 (2014), p. 6316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin, D.; Birkett, J.; Facey, O. and Rabey, G.: The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
A. Hardikar, A. ed.: Pancreatic Islet Biology, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Densing, M.: Price-Driven Hydropower Dispatch Under Uncertainty, Handbook of Risk Management in Energy Production and Trading, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2013, pp. 73–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BrewingScience.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Arctic Ice Thinning At Worrisome Rate, IFLScience,, accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transportation Security Administration’s Processes for Designating and Releasing Sensitive Security Information2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bonin, C.: Spatial and temporal characteristics of electromagnetic activity in the brain prior to reaches to visual targets2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: Differing Views on Value of High School Tests, New York Times, (2013), p. SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleBrewingScience
ISSN (print)1866-5195
ISSN (online)1613-2041

Other styles