How to format your references using the BrewingScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BrewingScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H.: Drug delivery: brain food, Nature, 510 (2014), no. 7506, pp. S6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gómez, F.J. and Waymouth, R.M.: Polymer synthesis. Catalysts rise to the challenge, Science (New York, N.Y.), 295 (2002), no. 5555, pp. 635–636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khudiyev, T.; Dogan, T. and Bayindir, M.: Biomimicry of multifunctional nanostructures in the neck feathers of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L.) drakes, Scientific reports, 4 (2014), p. 4718.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, X.-F.; Feng, Y.; Chen, Y.; Gao, B.L. and Han, B.-H.: A meta-analysis of olanzapine for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, Scientific reports, 4 (2014), p. 4813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Razik, H.: Handbook of Asynchronous Machine with Variable Speed, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Bratteli, O.; Neshveyev, S. and Skau, C. eds.: Operator Algebras: The Abel Symposium 2004, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Yairi, I.E.; Kayama, K. and Igi, S.: Robotic Communication Terminals as a Ubiquitous System for Improving Human Mobility by Making Environment Virtually Barrier-Free, New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI 2003 and JSAI 2004 Conferences and Workshops, Niigata, Japan, June 23-27, 2003 and Kanazawa, Japan, May 31 - June 4, 2004, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007, pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BrewingScience.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Running May Boost Connectivity In Your Brain, IFLScience,, accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Significant Risks Remain to Department of Education’s Student Financial Aid Systems1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gullett, D.L.: Lived Experience of Suffering through the 2010 Earthquake in Haiti2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Buckley, C.: In the Shadow of Towers, New York Times, (2013), p. A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleBrewingScience
ISSN (print)1866-5195
ISSN (online)1613-2041

Other styles