How to format your references using the BrewingScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BrewingScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Motani, R.: Paleontology. Warm-blooded ‘sea dragons’?, Science (New York, N.Y.), 328 (2010), no. 5984, pp. 1361–1362.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurotobi, K. and Murata, Y.: A single molecule of water encapsulated in fullerene C₆₀, Science (New York, N.Y.), 333 (2011), no. 6042, pp. 613–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Gorman, C.M.; Fuller, H.T. and Dyer, P.S.: Discovery of a sexual cycle in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus, Nature, 457 (2009), no. 7228, pp. 471–474.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bucciantini, M.; Giannoni, E.; Chiti, F.; Baroni, F.; Formigli, L.; Zurdo, J.; Taddei, N.; Ramponi, G.; Dobson, C.M. and Stefani, M.: Inherent toxicity of aggregates implies a common mechanism for protein misfolding diseases, Nature, 416 (2002), no. 6880, pp. 507–511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonk, C.J.: The World is Open, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2011.
An edited book
Han, W.-S.; Lee, M.L.; Muliantara, A.; Sanjaya, N.A.; Thalheim, B. and Zhou, S. eds.: Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 19th International Conference, DASFAA 2014, International Workshops: BDMA, DaMEN, SIM3, UnCrowd; Bali, Indonesia, April 21--24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Le Grand, G. and Barrau, E.: Prior Checking, a Forerunner to Privacy Impact Assessments, Privacy Impact Assessment, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012, pp. 97–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BrewingScience.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Testing Ancient Human Hearing Via Fossilized Ear Bones, IFLScience,, accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Needed to Improve Local Implementation and State Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konzem, S.R.: Tenability and Computability of Generalized Pólya Urns2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J.: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times, (2017), p. MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleBrewingScience
ISSN (print)1866-5195
ISSN (online)1613-2041

Other styles