How to format your references using the Brazilian Oral Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Oral Research (BOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Menzel D. Surface science. Water on a metal surface. Science. 2002 Jan;295(5552):58–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elbert T., Heim S. A light and a dark side. Nature. 2001 May;411(6834):139.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alley RB., Fahnestock M., Joughin I. Climate change. Understanding glacier flow in changing times. Science. 2008 Nov;322(5904):1061–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim K-C., Reed CA., Elliott DW., Mueller LJ., Tham F., Lin L., et al. Crystallographic evidence for a free silylium ion. Science. 2002 Aug;297(5582):825–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson D. TKO Management! Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Wu Z., Chen C., Guo M., Bu J. Embedded Software and Systems: First International Conference, ICESS 2004, Hangzhou, China, December 9-10, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 3605. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. XX, 612 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Mansour S., Magnan J., Haidar H., Nicolas K., Louryan S. The Mastoid. In: Magnan J, Haidar H, Nicolas K, Louryan S, editors. Comprehensive and Clinical Anatomy of the Middle Ear. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 105–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Oral Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2/3 Of “Gluten Sensitive” People Can’t Tell The Difference Between Foods With Gluten And Foods Without Gluten. IFLScience. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telling America’s Story to the World--Problems and Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Soma VM. A particle filter methodology for salient object detection in videos. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Home Is a Place to Hang His Hats. New York Times. 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Oral Research
ISSN (print)1806-8324
ISSN (online)1807-3107

Other styles