How to format your references using the Brazilian Oral Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Oral Research (BOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinberger AJ. Planetary disks. A dusty business. Science. 2002 Mar;295(5562):2027–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barrangou R., Klaenhammer TR. Microbiology: Bacteria get vaccinated. Nature. 2014 Sep;513(7517):175–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang K., Zhang Y., Wang S. Enhancing thermoelectric properties of organic composites through hierarchical nanostructures. Sci Rep. 2013 Dec;3:3448.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xiao BB., Zhu YF., Lang XY., Wen Z., Jiang Q. Al13@Pt42 core-shell cluster for oxygen reduction reaction. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun;4:5205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodhew S. Sustainable Construction Processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Kaye AD., Urman RD., Vadivelu N. Essentials of Regional Anesthesia. 1st edition. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. XIX, 816 p. 273 illus., 60 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Meinel D., Staude A., Ehrig K. Analyzing Microstructure and Damage in Construction Materials with 3D Micro CT. In: Bernard D, Buffière J-Y, Pollock T, Poulsen HF, Rollett A, Uchic M, editors. Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 23–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Oral Research.

Blog post
Fang J. Your Anonymous Credit Card Data Can Be Matched Back To You. IFLScience. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Analysis of NASA’s Fiscal Year 1983 Budget Request for Research and Development To Determine the Amount That Supports DOD’s Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson DM. Prison nursery programs: Measuring society’s perceptions and support. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J. Simple Signal Sets Off Complex Frog Journey. New York Times. 2017:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Oral Research
ISSN (print)1806-8324
ISSN (online)1807-3107

Other styles