How to format your references using the Brazilian Oral Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Oral Research (BOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchanan M. The best is yet to come. Nature. 2007 May;447(7140):39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spalding MD., Brown BE. Warm-water coral reefs and climate change. Science. 2015 Nov;350(6262):769–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grigoryan G., Reinke AW., Keating AE. Design of protein-interaction specificity gives selective bZIP-binding peptides. Nature. 2009 Apr;458(7240):859–64.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Anderson BJ., Acuña MH., Korth H., Purucker ME., Johnson CL., Slavin JA., et al. The structure of Mercury’s magnetic field from MESSENGER’s first flyby. Science. 2008 Jul;321(5885):82–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waxman AB. Rogues of Wall Street. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Cudd AE., Scholz SJ. Philosophical Perspectives on Democracy in the 21st Century. vol. 5. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. VIII, 246 p. 2 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Phillips RS. Semi-Groups of Contraction Operators. In: Amerio L, editor. Equazioni differenziali astratte. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 171–221.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Oral Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Science Of ‘Hangry’, Or Why Some People Get Grumpy When They’re Hungry. IFLScience. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Defaulted Student Loans: Analysis of Defaulted Borrowers at Schools Accredited by Seven Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parsons JR. Throwing a wrench in the translational machinery: Discovery of RNA ligands by fluorescence techniques. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Panel Hears Complaints On Pensions At Delphi. New York Times. 2011:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Oral Research
ISSN (print)1806-8324
ISSN (online)1807-3107

Other styles