How to format your references using the Synergy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Synergy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
P. Smaglik, Asthma study death spurs inquiry, Nature. 411 (2001) 873.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
K. Kurotobi, Y. Murata, A single molecule of water encapsulated in fullerene C₆₀, Science. 333 (2011) 613–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Y.-J. Lin, K. Jiménez-García, I.B. Spielman, Spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates, Nature. 471 (2011) 83–86.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
H.R. Christofk, M.G. Vander Heiden, M.H. Harris, A. Ramanathan, R.E. Gerszten, R. Wei, M.D. Fleming, S.L. Schreiber, L.C. Cantley, The M2 splice isoform of pyruvate kinase is important for cancer metabolism and tumour growth, Nature. 452 (2008) 230–233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
M.J. Zwecher, Retirement Portfolios Workbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
[1]
S. Seki, Skyrmions in Magnetic Materials, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
M. Canepa, A Surface Scientist’s View on Spectroscopic Ellipsometry, in: G. Bracco, B. Holst (Eds.), Surface Science Techniques, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 99–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Synergy.

Blog post
[1]
R. Andrews, Germany Just Produced So Much Renewable Energy That It Had To Pay People To Use It, IFLScience. (2016). https://www.iflscience.com/environment/germany-just-produced-so-much-renewable-energy-it-had-pay-people-use-it/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Problems And Progress Of The U.S. Army Materiel Command’s Automated Data Processing Service Center Concept, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
V. Garlapally, Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Impact on Metamorphosis and Thyroid Development in African Clawed Frogs, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
B. Sisario, Verses of Civil Rights Anthem ‘We Shall Overcome’ Are Ruled Not Under Copyright, New York Times. (2017) B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSynergy
ISSN (print)2213-7130
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmacology (medical)

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