How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases (BJID). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lehmann FO. Matching spiracle opening to metabolic need during flight in Drosophila. Science. 2001;294(5548):1926–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro L., Losick R. Retrospective. Francois Jacob (1920-2013). Science. 2013;340(6135):939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaufman TC., Severson DW., Robinson GE. The Anopheles genome and comparative insect genomics. Science. 2002;298(5591):97–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fiebig M., Lottermoser T., Fröhlich D., Goltsev AV., Pisarev RV. Observation of coupled magnetic and electric domains. Nature. 2002;419(6909):818–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hamad WY. Cellulose Nanocrystals. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Astuto M. Basics. Milano: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Pic AC., Moore VA., Burnham NA. Atomic Force Microscopy Education. In: Winkelmann K, Bhushan B, editors. Global Perspectives of Nanoscience and Engineering Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 131–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Does Asparagus Make Some People’s Pee Smell But Not Others? IFLScience. Available at: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Owsiak NK. Teacher quality accountability measures: Perceptions of degree and direction of influence on university -based teacher education programs. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Al-Batati S., Hubbard B. Bank Defends Dealing With Al Qaeda When It Called the Shots. New York Times. 2016:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationBraz. J. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)1413-8670
ISSN (online)1678-4391

Other styles