How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases (BJID). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steinman L. Immune therapy for autoimmune diseases. Science. 2004;305(5681):212–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis JK., Church JA. Climate change. Regional sea-level projection. Science. 2012;336(6081):550–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi Y., Arai K., Kohshima S. Sleep behaviour: sleep in continuously active dolphins. Nature. 2006;441(7096):E9-10; discussion E11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nielsen SG., Rehkämper M., Norman MD., Halliday AN., Harrison D. Thallium isotopic evidence for ferromanganese sediments in the mantle source of Hawaiian basalts. Nature. 2006;439(7074):314–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curioso A., Bradford R., Galbraith P. Expert PHP and MySQL®. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Badolato R., Sozzani S. Lymphocyte Trafficking in Health and Disease. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Ater JL., Weinberg JS., Maor MH., Petropoulos D. Brain Tumors: Chemotherapy and Investigational Therapy. In: Chan KW, Raney RB, editors. Pediatric Oncology. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005. p. 50–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
Davis J. Chernobyl May Be Turned Into A Solar Farm. IFLScience. Available at: [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Department of the Interior’s Computerized Resources Information Bank. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Del Cid EJ. Services for immigrant families with children in the child welfare system: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: TV Journalist Suspended For Comment. New York Times. 2004:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationBraz. J. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)1413-8670
ISSN (online)1678-4391

Other styles