How to format your references using the European Thyroid Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Thyroid Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleindienst TE. Chemistry. Epoxying isoprene chemistry. Science. 2009 Aug;325(5941):687–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Farmer CG, Sanders K. Unidirectional airflow in the lungs of alligators. Science. 2010 Jan;327(5963):338–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kah LC, Lyons TW, Frank TD. Low marine sulphate and protracted oxygenation of the Proterozoic biosphere. Nature. 2004 Oct;431(7010):834–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guthöhrlein GR, Keller M, Hayasaka K, Lange W, Walther H. A single ion as a nanoscopic probe of an optical field. Nature. 2001 Nov;414(6859):49–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borgen UJ, Nakrem HA. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of osteolepiform fish. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
He W. Gas Transport in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Serefoglu EC. Epidemiology of Premature Ejaculation. In: Jannini EA, McMahon CG, Waldinger MD, editors. Premature Ejaculation: From Etiology to Diagnosis and Treatment. Milano: Springer; 2013; pp 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Thyroid Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. A Matter Of Degrees: Why 2C Warming Is Officially Unsafe [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: ACE Poses Risks and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim H. Prediction and Elimination of Galling in Forming Galvanized Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS). 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Prospero, Confined Yet Commanding. New York Times. 2017 Jan;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Thyroid Journal
AbbreviationEur. Thyroid J.
ISSN (print)2235-0640
ISSN (online)2235-0802
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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