How to format your references using the European Thyroid Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Thyroid Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blank DA. Chemistry. A sideways glance at chemical reactivity. Science. 2008 Nov;322(5904):1056–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hachet O, Ephrussi A. Splicing of oskar RNA in the nucleus is coupled to its cytoplasmic localization. Nature. 2004 Apr;428(6986):959–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pearson PN, Foster GL, Wade BS. Atmospheric carbon dioxide through the Eocene-Oligocene climate transition. Nature. 2009 Oct;461(7267):1110–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kitajima TS, Sakuno T, Ishiguro K-I, Iemura S-I, Natsume T, Kawashima SA, et al. Shugoshin collaborates with protein phosphatase 2A to protect cohesin. Nature. 2006 May;441(7089):46–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehr J, Ron P. Foundations of Pulsed Power Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Bilitewski B, Darbra RM, Barceló D, editors. Global Risk-Based Management of Chemical Additives II: Risk-Based Assessment and Management Strategies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Harrison LJ. Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Influences on School Transition. In: Perry B, Dockett S, Petriwskyj A, editors. Transitions to School - International Research, Policy and Practice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014; pp 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Thyroid Journal.

Blog post
Andrew D. New Finding Offers Breakthrough In Beating African Sleeping Sickness [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Sep


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: Preliminary Analysis of Changes to and Trends in FTA’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emenyonu NI. Barriers to HIV care in rural Uganda. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J. Car Accident Takes Away Independence and Financial Security. New York Times. 2016 Nov;A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Thyroid Journal
AbbreviationEur. Thyroid J.
ISSN (print)2235-0640
ISSN (online)2235-0802
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles