How to format your references using the European Thyroid Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Thyroid Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kump LR. Geochemistry. Earth’s second wind. Science. 2010 Dec;330(6010):1490–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doherty CJ, Kay SA. Circadian surprise--it’s not all about transcription. Science. 2012 Oct;338(6105):338–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Snyder A, Pamer E, Wolchok J. IMMUNOTHERAPY. Could microbial therapy boost cancer immunotherapy? Science. 2015 Nov;350(6264):1031–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Duman-Scheel M, Weng L, Xin S, Du W. Hedgehog regulates cell growth and proliferation by inducing Cyclin D and Cyclin E. Nature. 2002 May;417(6886):299–304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davey KJ. Building Winning Algorithmic Trading Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Bermúdez A. Mathematical Models and Numerical Simulation in Electromagnetism. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Marengo JA, Williams ER, Alves LM, Soares WR, Rodriguez DA. Extreme Seasonal Climate Variations in the Amazon Basin: Droughts and Floods. In: Nagy L, Forsberg BR, Artaxo P, editors. Interactions Between Biosphere, Atmosphere and Human Land Use in the Amazon Basin. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016; pp 55–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Thyroid Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Are US Vaccine Rates Going Down Because Public Trust And Social Ties Are Eroding [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Army’s Battery Computer System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephens T. The evolution of transformative communication patterns in 1-to-1 computing classrooms. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir SM. For Family Reeling From Death in Times Square Crash, ‘Nothing Is Safe Anymore.’ New York Times. 2017 May;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Thyroid Journal
AbbreviationEur. Thyroid J.
ISSN (print)2235-0640
ISSN (online)2235-0802
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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