How to format your references using the Brain Topography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain Topography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nibbering ETJ (2014) Imaging techniques. Low-energy electron diffraction at ultrafast speeds. Science 345:137–138
A journal article with 2 authors
Rainey PB, Rainey K (2003) Evolution of cooperation and conflict in experimental bacterial populations. Nature 425:72–74
A journal article with 3 authors
Bazin E, Glémin S, Galtier N (2006) Population size does not influence mitochondrial genetic diversity in animals. Science 312:570–572
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhao Y, Christensen SK, Fankhauser C, et al (2001) A role for flavin monooxygenase-like enzymes in auxin biosynthesis. Science 291:306–309

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bersuker IB (2010) Electronic Structure and Properties of Transition Metal Compounds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Everitt HO (ed) (2005) Experimental Aspects of Quantum Computing. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Kamp LM (2010) Obstacles to and Facilitators of the Implementation of Small Urban Wind Turbines in the Netherlands. In: Sarkis J, Cordeiro JJ, Vazquez Brust D (eds) Facilitating Sustainable Innovation through Collaboration: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 59–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain Topography.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Zika Epidemic In Latin America Could End In Just Three Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Human Capital: Attracting and Retaining a High-Quality Information Technology Workforce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seipert KG (2013) A correlational analysis of the values of Baby Boomer and Generation X rural public school principals. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eder S, Protess B (2017) Trump Business Pivots to Budget-Friendly Hotel Line. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nibbering 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Rainey and Rainey 2003; Nibbering 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rainey and Rainey 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain Topography
AbbreviationBrain Topogr.
ISSN (print)0896-0267
ISSN (online)1573-6792
ScopeAnatomy
Clinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Neurology
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles