How to format your references using the Chem citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chem. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trivedi, B. (2010). Learning from the elite. Nature 466, S4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mukhopadhyay, D., and Riezman, H. (2007). Proteasome-independent functions of ubiquitin in endocytosis and signaling. Science 315, 201–205.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, J.L., Wilson, C.R., and Tapley, B.D. (2006). Satellite gravity measurements confirm accelerated melting of Greenland ice sheet. Science 313, 1958–1960.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Joly, D., Pellejà, L., Narbey, S., Oswald, F., Chiron, J., Clifford, J.N., Palomares, E., and Demadrille, R. (2014). A robust organic dye for dye sensitized solar cells based on iodine/iodide electrolytes combining high efficiency and outstanding stability. Sci. Rep. 4, 4033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuzmeski, M. (2009). The Connectors (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
Dong, G., Lin, X., Wang, W., Yang, Y., and Yu, J.X. eds. (2007). Advances in Data and Web Management: Joint 9th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2007, and 8th International Conference, on Web-Age Information Management, WAIM 2007, Huang Shan, China, June 16-18, 2007. Proceedings (Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Dolk, D. (2010). Structured Modeling and Model Management. In A Long View of Research and Practice in Operations Research and Management Science: The Past and the Future International Series in Operations Research & Management Science., M. S. Sodhi and C. S. Tang, eds. (Springer US), pp. 63–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chem.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Parasitic Birds Plan Their Hits Like Professional Burglars. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). Weather Forecasting: Important Issues on Automated Weather Processing System Need Resolution (U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mocilnikar, G.E. (2011). Playing with movies: An examination of the interactions between music and film in “Fantasie for horn and film.”

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015). Exploring Gender as Disguise and Identity. New York Times, CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleChem
ISSN (online)2451-9294
General Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Biochemistry, medical

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