How to format your references using the Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jarrold MF (2000) The smallest fullerene. Nature 407:26–27
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sherratt TN, Roberts G (2012) Ecology. When paths to cooperation converge. Science 337:1304–1305
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Castelnovo C, Moessner R, Sondhi SL (2008) Magnetic monopoles in spin ice. Nature 451:42–45
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Koçer A, Walko M, Meijberg W, Feringa BL (2005) A light-actuated nanovalve derived from a channel protein. Science 309:755–758

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kovalev VA (2015) Solutions in Lidar Profiling of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Jensen W, Andersen OK, Akay M (2014) Replace, Repair, Restore, Relieve – Bridging Clinical and Engineering Solutions in Neurorehabilitation: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on NeuroRehabilitation (ICNR2014), Aalborg, 24-26 June, 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gisonni C, Hager WH (2012) Sistemi di pompaggio e dispositivi di controllo. In: Hager WH (ed) Idraulica dei sistemi fognari: Dalla teoria alla pratica. Springer, Milano, pp 71–97

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2017) Hubble’s Incredible Final Image Of The Frontier Fields. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2004) National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Significant Actions Needed to Address Long-standing Financial Management Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ehigiator OJ (2015) A Closed Loop Control System for Pressure and Flow Detection Using a Vibrating String Transducer. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2011) Indelible Name Added to a Roster of Regrets. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
AbbreviationBioprocess Biosyst. Eng.
ISSN (print)1615-7591
ISSN (online)1615-7605
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
General Medicine

Other styles