How to format your references using the Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Szoka F (2008) Molecular biology. The art of assembly. Science 319:578–579
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Collen B, Nicholson E (2014) Conservation. Taking the measure of change. Science 346:166–167
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pertea M, Salzberg SL, Gardner MJ (2000) Finding genes in Plasmodium falciparum. Nature 404:34; discussion 34-5
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Shen B, Dong L, Xiao S, Kowalewski M (2008) The Avalon explosion: evolution of Ediacara morphospace. Science 319:81–84

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rimai DS (2016) Patent Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Barceló D, Petrovic M (2011) Waste Water Treatment and Reuse in the Mediterranean Region. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zhang K, Shen X (2015) Privacy-Preserving Health Data Processing. In: Shen X (sherman) (ed) Security and Privacy for Mobile Healthcare Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 81–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Researchers Produce Opioid Pain Killer From Genetically Modified Yeast With Opium Poppy Genes. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/researchers-produce-opioid-pain-killer-genetically-modified-yeast-opium-poppy/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Interstate Commerce Commission: Transferring ICC’s Rail Regulatory Responsibilities May Not Achieve Desired Effects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Satterlee RT (2009) A case study of undergraduate student employment at a private university: Exploring the effects of social class and institutional context. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Brantley B (2016) The Goal Is to Win, and to Be Heard. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
AbbreviationBioprocess Biosyst. Eng.
ISSN (print)1615-7591
ISSN (online)1615-7605
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
General Medicine

Other styles