How to format your references using the Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wyatt TD (2009) Fifty years of pheromones. Nature 457:262–263
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayon R, Jenkins M (2010) The business of biodiversity. Nature 466:184–185
A journal article with 3 authors
Catani M, Bodi I, Dell’Acqua F (2012) Comment on “The geometric structure of the brain fiber pathways.” Science 337:1605
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xin H, Zhang Y, Lei H, et al (2013) Optofluidic realization and retaining of cell-cell contact using an abrupt tapered optical fibre. Sci Rep 3:1993

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenberger WR (2005) Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Wong L-JC (2013) Mitochondrial Disorders Caused by Nuclear Genes. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Malm H, Oskarsson M, Warrant E (2012) Biologically inspired enhancement of dim light video. In: Humphrey JAC, Srinivasan MV (eds) Frontiers in Sensing: From Biology to Engineering. Springer, Vienna, pp 71–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Here’s How We Can Protect Ourselves From The Hidden Algorithms That Influence Our Lives. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Higher Education: Stronger Federal Oversight Needed to Enforce Ban on Incentive Payments to School Recruiters. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown ML (2010) Examining leadership and the laminated glass ceiling: Gender and leadership traits. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schembari J (2017) Factory Masterpieces. New York Times TR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
AbbreviationBioprocess Biosyst. Eng.
ISSN (print)1615-7591
ISSN (online)1615-7605
General Medicine

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