How to format your references using the Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kerr RA (2000) A north atlantic climate pacemaker for the centuries. Science 288:1984–1985
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nadeau RM, McEvilly TV (2004) Periodic pulsing of characteristic microearthquakes on the San Andreas fault. Science 303:220–222
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Falnes PØ, Johansen RF, Seeberg E (2002) AlkB-mediated oxidative demethylation reverses DNA damage in Escherichia coli. Nature 419:178–182
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Peters NC, Egen JG, Secundino N, et al (2008) In vivo imaging reveals an essential role for neutrophils in leishmaniasis transmitted by sand flies. Science 321:970–974

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Blanchet G, Charbit M (2015) Digital Signal and Image Processing Using Matlab®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Hemert J van, Cotta C (2008) Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 8th European Conference, EvoCOP 2008, Naples, Italy, March 26-28, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cominetti R, Facchinei F, Lasserre JB (2012) Chapter 5 Parametric Polynomial Optimization. In: Facchinei F, Lasserre JB (eds) Modern Optimization Modelling Techniques. Springer, Basel, pp 93–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti C (2017) This Sponge-Like Material Soaks Up 90x Its Weight In Oil. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/this-spongelike-material-soaks-up-90x-its-weight-in-oil/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1979) The Air Force Should Cancel Plans To Acquire Two Computer Systems at Most Bases. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Boos AL (2015) The post-abortion experience: A content analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lipton E, Protess B, Lehren AW (2017) Raft of Potential Conflicts In President’s Appointees. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
AbbreviationBioprocess Biosyst. Eng.
ISSN (print)1615-7591
ISSN (online)1615-7605
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
General Medicine

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