How to format your references using the Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Motani R (2002) Scaling effects in caudal fin propulsion and the speed of ichthyosaurs. Nature 415:309–312
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Whetten RL, Price RC (2007) Chemistry. Nano-golden order. Science 318:407–408
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Shen Y, Buick R, Canfield DE (2001) Isotopic evidence for microbial sulphate reduction in the early Archaean era. Nature 410:77–81
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Lang P, Stolpa JC, Freiberg BA, et al (2001) TCR-induced transmembrane signaling by peptide/MHC class II via associated Ig-alpha/beta dimers. Science 291:1537–1540

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ghavami M, Michael LB, Kohno R (2006) Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Olsson M-O, Sjöstedt G (2005) Systems Approaches and Their Application: Examples from Sweden. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wasserman T, Wasserman LD (2016) The Effect of Learning on the Development of the Connectome. In: Wasserman LD (ed) Depathologizing Psychopathology: The Neuroscience of Mental Illness and Its Treatment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 33–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2016) Swimming The Atlantic Is An Extreme Act Of Human Endurance – Here’s What The Body Will Go Through. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/swimming-the-atlantic-is-an-extreme-act-of-human-endurance-heres-what-the-body-will-go-through/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2002) Food and Drug Administration: Effect of User Fees on Drug Approval Times, Withdrawals, and Other Agency Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Perry EM (2010) Live and let live: Negotiating difference in a diverse urban neighborhood. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW (2017) Policyholders in Limbo After Rare Failure of Insurer. New York Times BU5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
AbbreviationBioprocess Biosyst. Eng.
ISSN (print)1615-7591
ISSN (online)1615-7605
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
General Medicine

Other styles