How to format your references using the Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rarity JG (2003) Physics. Getting entangled in free space. Science 301:604–605
A journal article with 2 authors
Besenbacher F, Nørskov JK (2000) SURFACE SCIENCE: How to Power a Nanomotor. Science 290:1520
A journal article with 3 authors
Michel P, Benz W, Richardson DC (2003) Disruption of fragmented parent bodies as the origin of asteroid families. Nature 421:608–611
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van Stelten J, Silva F, Belin D, Silhavy TJ (2009) Effects of antibiotics and a proto-oncogene homolog on destruction of protein translocator SecY. Science 325:753–756

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt RH, Rodrick GE (2005) Food Safety Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Masys AJ (2016) Applications of Systems Thinking and Soft Operations Research in Managing Complexity: From Problem Framing to Problem Solving, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Lézoray O (2015) Patch-Based Mathematical Morphology for Image Processing, Segmentation and Classification. In: Battiato S, Blanc-Talon J, Gallo G, et al (eds) Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems: 16th International Conference, ACIVS 2015, Catania, Italy, October 26-29, 2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 46–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Non-Magnetic Metals Turned Magnetic In Groundbreaking Research. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Claim for Reimbursement for State Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Osifalujo A (2015) Code-switching in Working African Americans: Internalized Racism, Minority Status, and Organizational Commitment. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Like Shopbop, Only It’s in 3-D. New York Times E9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
AbbreviationBioprocess Biosyst. Eng.
ISSN (print)1615-7591
ISSN (online)1615-7605
General Medicine

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