How to format your references using the Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kempton, E. M. R. (2014). Extrasolar planets: Window on a watery world. Nature, 513(7519), 493–494.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lockhart, D. J., & Winzeler, E. A. (2000). Genomics, gene expression and DNA arrays. Nature, 405(6788), 827–836.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roughgarden, J., Oishi, M., & Akçay, E. (2006). Reproductive social behavior: cooperative games to replace sexual selection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5763), 965–969.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Boetius, A., Ravenschlag, K., Schubert, C. J., Rickert, D., Widdel, F., Gieseke, A., … Pfannkuche, O. (2000). A marine microbial consortium apparently mediating anaerobic oxidation of methane. Nature, 407(6804), 623–626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neff, D. J., & Moss, R. C. (2011). The Future of Nonprofits. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jin, D., & Lin, S. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Mechanical and Electronic Engineering: Volume 1 (Vol. 176). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sukthankar, A., Nerlich, A. G., & Paesold, G. (2008). Age-Related Changes of the Spine. In N. Boos & M. Aebi (Eds.), Spinal Disorders: Fundamentals of Diagnosis and Treatment (pp. 91–122). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, May 5). Mystery Of How The Egyptians Moved Pyramid Stones Solved. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Aviation Safety: Undeclared Air Shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT’s Enforcement Approach (No. GAO-03-22). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blalock, J. M. (2014). The Links at St Andrews, Scotland A phenomenological hermeneutic exploration of golf’s primordial place (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wogan, J. (2016, November 4). Beds and a Banana. New York Times, p. M236.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems
AbbreviationAuton. Agent. Multi. Agent. Syst.
ISSN (print)1387-2532
ISSN (online)1573-7454
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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