How to format your references using the Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelson, B. (2008). Benefits blues. Nature, 454(7200), 132–133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rolff, J., & Siva-Jothy, M. T. (2003). Invertebrate ecological immunology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5632), 472–475.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karnath, H.-O., Borchers, S., & Himmelbach, M. (2010). Comment on “Movement intention after parietal cortex stimulation in humans.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5970), 1200; author reply 1200.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rickert, M., Wang, X., Boulanger, M. J., Goriatcheva, N., & Garcia, K. C. (2005). The structure of interleukin-2 complexed with its alpha receptor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5727), 1477–1480.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meier, H. B., Marthinsen, J. E., & Gantenbein, P. A. (2012). Swiss Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shumaker, R., & Lackey, S. (Eds.). (2014). Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality. Designing and Developing Virtual and Augmented Environments: 6th International Conference, VAMR 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 8525). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jia, K., & Levine, B. (2010). Autophagy and Longevity: Lessons from C. elegans. In N. Tavernarakis (Ed.), Protein Metabolism and Homeostasis in Aging (pp. 47–60). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, November 23). Tesla Powers A Whole Island With Solar Power. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Motor Vehicle Safety: Comprehensive State Programs Offer Best Opportunity for Increasing Use of Safety Belts (No. RCED-96-24). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turney, J. J. (2014). Police supervisory attributes that influence attitude towards Critical Incident Stress Management programs (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, August 20). Pettitte’s Words And Character Carry Weight. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems
AbbreviationAuton. Agent. Multi. Agent. Syst.
ISSN (print)1387-2532
ISSN (online)1573-7454
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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