How to format your references using the Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromirski, P. D. (2009). Geophysics. Earth vibrations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5930), 1026–1027.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wells, J. A., & McClendon, C. L. (2007). Reaching for high-hanging fruit in drug discovery at protein-protein interfaces. Nature, 450(7172), 1001–1009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saito, C., Shinzawa, K., & Tsujimoto, Y. (2014). Synchronized necrotic death of attached hepatocytes mediated via gap junctions. Scientific reports, 4, 5169.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Prevedel, R., Walther, P., Tiefenbacher, F., Böhi, P., Kaltenbaek, R., Jennewein, T., & Zeilinger, A. (2007). High-speed linear optics quantum computing using active feed-forward. Nature, 445(7123), 65–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alrifai, T. (2015). Islamic Finance and the New Financial System. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Taillefer, M., & Ma, D. (Eds.). (2013). Amination and Formation of sp2 C-N Bonds (Vol. 46). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y., Yang, D., Liu, F., Cao, Y., & Rehtanz, C. (2016). Identification of Dominant Complex Orthogonal Mode (COM). In D. Yang, F. Liu, Y. Cao, & C. Rehtanz (Eds.), Interconnected Power Systems: Wide-Area Dynamic Monitoring and Control Applications (pp. 75–92). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, November 16). Researchers Uncover A Fourth Ancestral “Tribe” To Modern Europeans. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). U.S.-EC Aircraft Agreement (No. GGD-93-41R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim, T. (2017). Information-Theoretic Aspects of Signal Analysis and Reconstruction (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pastan, L. (2015, October 9). The Bridge. New York Times, p. MM28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems
AbbreviationAuton. Agent. Multi. Agent. Syst.
ISSN (print)1387-2532
ISSN (online)1573-7454
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

Other styles