How to format your references using the Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, T. E. (2004). Neuroscience. Addicted rats. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5686), 951–953.
A journal article with 2 authors
Castaneda, J., & Matzuk, M. M. (2015). DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. Toward a rapid and reversible male pill. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6259), 385–386.
A journal article with 3 authors
Asphaug, E., Agnor, C. B., & Williams, Q. (2006). Hit-and-run planetary collisions. Nature, 439(7073), 155–160.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, D., Yang, J., Bao, S., Wu, Q., & Wang, Q. (2013). Semiconductor nanoparticle-based hydrogels prepared via self-initiated polymerization under sunlight, even visible light. Scientific reports, 3, 1399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laplante, P. A., & Ovaska, S. J. (2011). Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cohen, L. E. (Ed.). (2016). Growth Hormone Deficiency: Physiology and Clinical Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Campbell, R. J., & Hann, C. R. (2009). Eye and Adnexa. In B. L. Waters (Ed.), Handbook of Autopsy Practice (pp. 69–76). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, April 25). How The Power To Control Objects With Our Minds Stopped Being Science Fiction. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Surface Transportation: The Department of Transportation Proposes Significant Changes to Its Automated Highway System Program (No. RCED-97-177R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pei, X. (2008). Acid modification of psyllium (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, May 20). British Invasion, Only This Time It’s in Retail. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems
AbbreviationAuton. Agent. Multi. Agent. Syst.
ISSN (print)1387-2532
ISSN (online)1573-7454
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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