How to format your references using the Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vereecken, L. (2013). Chemistry. Lifting the veil on an old mystery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6129), 154–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xiang, Y., & Kobilka, B. K. (2003). Myocyte adrenoceptor signaling pathways. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1530–1532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Umemoto, K., Wentzcovitch, R. M., & Allen, P. B. (2006). Dissociation of MgSiO3 in the cores of gas giants and terrestrial exoplanets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5763), 983–986.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, D., Zhu, W., Best, M. D., Camden, J. P., & Crozier, K. B. (2013). Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy. Scientific reports, 3, 2867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quadbeck-Seeger, H.-J. (2007). World of the Elements. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Garay, J. A., & Gennaro, R. (Eds.). (2014). Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2014: 34th Annual Cryptology Conference, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 17-21, 2014, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 8617). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cooke, R. (2016). The Precipice of Myth: Mythology/Epistemology. In B. Bliesemann de Guevara (Ed.), Myth and Narrative in International Politics: Interpretive Approaches to the Study of IR (pp. 67–85). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, February 26). This Horrifying Animation Shows You How A Woman’s Organs Move During Pregnancy. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Financial Management Systems: Core Financial Systems at the 24 Chief Financial Officers Act Agencies (No. GAO-03-903R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, J. P. (2010). Semirelativistic few body problems with matrix continued fraction methods (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016, September 30). Return of Jets’ Decker Is Clouded by Injury. New York Times, p. D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems
AbbreviationAuton. Agent. Multi. Agent. Syst.
ISSN (print)1387-2532
ISSN (online)1573-7454
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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