How to format your references using the Biotechnology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Brooks, The relationship between matter and life, Nature. 409 (2001) 409–411.
A journal article with 2 authors
K.A. Paczolt, A.G. Jones, Post-copulatory sexual selection and sexual conflict in the evolution of male pregnancy, Nature. 464 (2010) 401–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Torsvik, L. Øvreås, T.F. Thingstad, Prokaryotic diversity--magnitude, dynamics, and controlling factors, Science. 296 (2002) 1064–1066.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Kapitaniak, M. Lazarek, M. Nielaczny, K. Czolczynski, P. Perlikowski, T. Kapitaniak, Synchronization extends the life time of the desired behavior of globally coupled systems, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Böhm, Symmetrien in Festkörpern, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
A. Petrenko, A. Simão, J.C. Maldonado, eds., Testing Software and Systems: 22nd IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, ICTSS 2010, Natal, Brazil, November 8-10, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, Visual Data Mining in a Q&A Based Social Media Website, in: C. Chen, R. Larsen (Eds.), Library and Information Sciences: Trends and Research, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Reports.

Blog post
J. Fang, Curiosity Rover Finds Evidence Of Liquid Water On Mars, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Mass Transit: FTA’s New Starts Commitments for Fiscal Year 2003, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Korobenko, Advanced Fluid–Structure Interaction Techniques in Application to Horizontal and Vertical Axis Wind Turbines, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, Women’s Tennis Examines The Serve, New York Times. (2017) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Reports
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Rep. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2215-017X

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