How to format your references using the Biotechnology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Coste, Eppendorf finalist. The cellular feeling of pressure, Science. 338 (2012) 59.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.J. Chirik, K. Wieghardt, Chemistry. Radical ligands confer nobility on base-metal catalysts, Science. 327 (2010) 794–795.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Zhao, E. Samal, D. Srivastava, Serum response factor regulates a muscle-specific microRNA that targets Hand2 during cardiogenesis, Nature. 436 (2005) 214–220.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Hofheinz, E.M. Weig, M. Ansmann, R.C. Bialczak, E. Lucero, M. Neeley, A.D. O’Connell, H. Wang, J.M. Martinis, A.N. Cleland, Generation of Fock states in a superconducting quantum circuit, Nature. 454 (2008) 310–314.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Runcie, M. Dochtermann, Making Effective Business Decisions Using Microsoft Project, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
I. Krupnik, C. Aporta, S. Gearheard, G.J. Laidler, L. Kielsen Holm, eds., SIKU: Knowing Our Ice: Documenting Inuit Sea Ice Knowledge and Use, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
M.A. Yusnita, M.P. Paulraj, S. Yaacob, A.B. Shahriman, R. Yusuf, S. Nordin, On the Use of Spectral Feature Fusions for Enhanced Performance of Malaysian English Accents Classification, in: N.A. Yacob, M. Mohamed, M.A.K. Megat Hanafiah (Eds.), Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2014): Science and Technology, Springer, Singapore, 2016: pp. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Reports.

Blog post
J. Fang, New Coating For Nets Kills Insecticide-Resistant Mosquitoes, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Janpengpen, Monitoring and forecasting biosolids odors at prior lime and post lime addition in wastewater treatment plants, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Semple, A. Correal, The Extent of Losses Begins to Come Into Focus for Families, Friends and Residents, New York Times. (2015) A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Reports
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Rep. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2215-017X

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