How to format your references using the Biotechnology for Biofuels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology for Biofuels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Masood E. Major biodiversity initiative needs support. Nature. 2015;518:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Greaves M, Maley CC. Clonal evolution in cancer. Nature. 2012;481:306–13.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gómez JM, Verdú M, Perfectti F. Ecological interactions are evolutionarily conserved across the entire tree of life. Nature. 2010;465:918–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Farquhar J, Savarino J, Jackson TL, Thiemens MH. Evidence of atmospheric sulphur in the martian regolith from sulphur isotopes in meteorites. Nature. 2000;404:50–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nagasawa M. Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Navarro-Arribas G, Torra V, editors. Advanced Research in Data Privacy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li Z, Zhang Y, Han G. Lanthanide-Doped Upconversion Nanoparticles for Imaging-Guided Drug Delivery and Therapy. In: Dai Z, editor. Advances in Nanotheranostics I: Design and Fabrication of Theranosic Nanoparticles. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 139–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology for Biofuels.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Can You Figure Out Where The “Missing Coin” Goes In This Viral Brain Teaser? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/can-you-figure-out-missing-coin-brain-teaser/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Classification and Qualification Standards for the GS-1410 Library-Information Service Series. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Aug. Report No.: GGD-83-97.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mahrenholz F. The emergence, growth, and challenges of online learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. Walking Dead Creator Is Ending a Comic. New York Times. 2016 Aug 18;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology for Biofuels
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Biofuels
ISSN (online)1754-6834
ScopeBiotechnology
General Energy
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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