How to format your references using the Biotechnology for Biofuels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology for Biofuels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bartlett SD. Quantum computing: powered by magic. Nature. 2014;510:345–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nicewicz DA, MacMillan DWC. Merging photoredox catalysis with organocatalysis: the direct asymmetric alkylation of aldehydes. Science. 2008;322:77–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kokoeva MV, Yin H, Flier JS. Neurogenesis in the hypothalamus of adult mice: potential role in energy balance. Science. 2005;310:679–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Miller DL, Kubista KD, Rutter GM, Ruan M, de Heer WA, First PN, et al. Observing the quantization of zero mass carriers in graphene. Science. 2009;324:924–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jenkinson J, Hyde T, Ahmad S. Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Ganascia J-G, Lenca P, Petit J-M, editors. Discovery Science: 15th International Conference, DS 2012, Lyon, France, October 29-31, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rossberg J, Olausson M. ALM Using TFS. In: Olausson M, editor. Pro Application Lifecycle Management with Visual Studio 2012. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2012. p. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology for Biofuels.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Discover A Way To Heal A Broken Heart [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientists-discover-way-heal-broken-heart/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Award of Grant by the San Francisco Operations Office of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration for the Energy Awareness Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Oct. Report No.: EMD-78-14.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Weber C. Exercise for older adults with dementia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Herrman J. An Election Ill Timed for Media in Transition. New York Times. 2016 Nov 8;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology for Biofuels
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Biofuels
ISSN (online)1754-6834
ScopeBiotechnology
General Energy
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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