How to format your references using the Biotechnology for Biofuels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology for Biofuels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Crow JF. The beanbag lives on. Nature. 2001;409:771.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Banfield JF, Young M. Microbiology. Variety--the splice of life--in microbial communities. Science. 2009;326:1198–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Walker JJ, Spear JR, Pace NR. Geobiology of a microbial endolithic community in the Yellowstone geothermal environment. Nature. 2005;434:1011–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Huang Y, Hu L, Zhang T, Zhong H, Zhou J, Liu Z, et al. Mn₃[Co(CN)₆]₂@SiO₂ core-shell nanocubes: novel bimodal contrast agents for MRI and optical imaging. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2647.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Loriaux DL. A Biographical History of Endocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Dan A, Gittler F, Toumani F, editors. Service-Oriented Computing. ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009 Workshops: International Workshops, ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009, Stockholm, Sweden, November 23-27, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hummel G, Stütz P. Using Virtual Simulation Environments for Development and Qualification of UAV Perceptive Capabilities: Comparison of Real and Rendered Imagery with MPEG7 Image Descriptors. In: Hodicky J, editor. Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems: First International Workshop, MESAS 2014, Rome, Italy, May 5-6, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 27–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology for Biofuels.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Why Are Some People Left-Handed? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-are-some-people-left-handed/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Guaranty Agency Solvency: Can the Government Recover HEAF’s First-Year Liquidation Cost of $212 Million? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Nov. Report No.: HRD-93-12BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kovacev RJ. Encouraging employee entrepreneurial spirit: A phenomenological case study of a large technology enterprise [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. A Hospital, Once Afloat, Is Buoyant With Over a Century of Memories. New York Times. 2017 Apr 28;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology for Biofuels
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Biofuels
ISSN (online)1754-6834
ScopeBiotechnology
General Energy
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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