How to format your references using the Biotechnology for Biofuels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology for Biofuels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wadman M. Biochemist strikes gold. Nature. 2006;441:689.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gervais WM, Norenzayan A. Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief. Science. 2012;336:493–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Srinivasan V, Pierik AJ, Lill R. Crystal structures of nucleotide-free and glutathione-bound mitochondrial ABC transporter Atm1. Science. 2014;343:1137–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Andreae MO, Rosenfeld D, Artaxo P, Costa AA, Frank GP, Longo KM, et al. Smoking rain clouds over the Amazon. Science. 2004;303:1337–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Warnock G, Ghafary M, Shaheen G. Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) Self-Study Guide. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Marín R, Onaindía E, Bugarín A, Santos J, editors. Current Topics in Artificial Intelligence: 11th Conference of the Spanish Association for Artificial Intelligence, CAEPIA 2005, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, November 16-18, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Singhal V, Aggarwal P. Using Coverage to Deploy Formal Verification in a Simulation World. In: Gopalakrishnan G, Qadeer S, editors. Computer Aided Verification: 23rd International Conference, CAV 2011, Snowbird, UT, USA, July 14-20, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 44–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology for Biofuels.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Damselfish In Distress Adapt To Warmer Waters [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/damsel-fish-distress-adapt-warmer-waters/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Comments on H.R. 2813. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Jun. Report No.: B-202936.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Johnson JM. Service learning: Providing the building blocks for a socially responsible nursing role [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Barry E. Dancer Held in Acid Attack on Bolshoi Director. New York Times. 2013 Mar 6;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology for Biofuels
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Biofuels
ISSN (online)1754-6834
ScopeBiotechnology
General Energy
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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