How to format your references using the Biotechnology for Biofuels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology for Biofuels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Running SW. Climate change. Is global warming causing more, larger wildfires? Science. 2006;313:927–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gano S, Kinzler R. SPORE series winner. Bringing the museum into the classroom. Science. 2011;331:1028–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lowman M, D’Avanzo C, Brewer C. Ecology. A national ecological network for research and education. Science. 2009;323:1172–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lee W-L, Watauchi S, Miller VL, Cava RJ, Ong NP. Dissipationless anomalous Hall current in the ferromagnetic spinel CuCr2Se4-xBrx. Science. 2004;303:1647–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pérez A. Mobile Networks Architecture. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Rozema J, Aerts R, Cornelissen H, editors. Plants and Climate Change. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zarankin A, Salerno M. So Far, So Close. Approaching Experience in the Study of the Encounter Between Sealers and the South Shetland Islands (Antarctica, Nineteenth Century). In: Peder R, van der Watt L-M, Howkins A, editors. Antarctica and the Humanities. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 79–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology for Biofuels.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Ambitious Project To Map Every Single Cell In The Human Body Launched [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/ambitious-project-to-map-every-single-cell-in-the-human-body-launched/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Indian Affairs: Key Actions Needed to Ensure Safety and Health at Indian School Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Mar. Report No.: GAO-16-391T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Koyanagi T. Design and Synthesis of Archaea-Inspired Tetraether Lipids [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. A Bit Late, but Bounteous. New York Times. 2009 Sep 6;NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology for Biofuels
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Biofuels
ISSN (online)1754-6834
ScopeBiotechnology
General Energy
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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