How to format your references using the Scrinium citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scrinium (SCRI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell, G. “Why Not Have a Life?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349, no. 6247 (2015) p. 554.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaech, S. M., and R. Ahmed. “Immunology. CD8 T Cells Remember with a Little Help.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300, no. 5617 (2003) pp. 263–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohde, T., T. Yaginuma, and T. Niimi. “Insect Morphological Diversification through the Modification of Wing Serial Homologs.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340, no. 6131 (2013) pp. 495–98.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Zhou, Q., J. Brown, A. Kanarek, J. Rajagopal, and D. A. Melton. “In Vivo Reprogramming of Adult Pancreatic Exocrine Cells to Beta-Cells.” Nature 455, no. 7213 (2008) pp. 627–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeMaris, A. Regression with Social Data: Modeling Continuous and Limited Response Variables. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ, 2004.
An edited book
D’Onofrio, M., R. Rampazzo, and S. Zaggia, eds. From the Realm of the Nebulae to Populations of Galaxies: Dialogues on a Century of Research. Vol. 435. Astrophysics and Space Science Library. Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohbayashi, T., I. Okochi, H. Sato, T. Ono, and S. Chiba. “Rapid Decline of Endemic Snails in the Ogasawara Islands, Western Pacific Ocean.” Pages 27–33 in Restoring the Oceanic Island Ecosystem: Impact and Management of Invasive Alien Species in the Bonin Islands. Edited by K. Kawakami and I. Okochi. Tokyo, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scrinium.

Blog post
Andrew, E. “BICEP2 Team Admit Breakthrough Evidence For Big Bang Could Just Be Dust.” IFLScience. June 23, 2014. No pages. Cited October 30, 2018. Online:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education and Disability: Improved Federal Enforcement Needed to Better Protect Students’ Rights to Testing Accommodations. Washington, DC, November 29, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer, J. A. “Accurate Localization Given Uncertain Sensors.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. “Chalkboard Special: Soup.” New York Times, March 2, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference G. McDowell, “Why Not Have a Life?,” Science 349/6247 (2015), p. 554, doi:10.1126/science.349.6247.554, Online:
This sentence cites two references G. McDowell, “Why Not Have a Life?,” Science 349/6247 (2015), p. 554, doi:10.1126/science.349.6247.554, Online:; S. M. Kaech and R. Ahmed, “Immunology. CD8 T Cells Remember with a Little Help,” Science 300/5617 (2003), pp. 263–65, doi:10.1126/science.1084511, Online:

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Q. Zhou et al., “In Vivo Reprogramming of Adult Pancreatic Exocrine Cells to Beta-Cells,” Nature 455/7213 (2008), pp. 627–32, doi:10.1038/nature07314, Online:

About the journal

Full journal titleScrinium
ISSN (print)1817-7530
ISSN (online)1817-7565
ScopeReligious studies

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