How to format your references using the Scrinium citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scrinium (SCRI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Townes, C. H. “Making Waves.” Nature 432, no. 7014 (2004) p. 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ciufolini, I., and E. C. Pavlis. “A Confirmation of the General Relativistic Prediction of the Lense-Thirring Effect.” Nature 431, no. 7011 (2004) pp. 958–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robertson, W. H., E. G. Diken, and M. A. Johnson. “Chemistry. Snapshots of Water at Work.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, no. 5631 (2003) pp. 320–21.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Dougherty, M. K., K. K. Khurana, F. M. Neubauer, C. T. Russell, J. Saur, J. S. Leisner, and M. E. Burton. “Identification of a Dynamic Atmosphere at Enceladus with the Cassini Magnetometer.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311, no. 5766 (2006) pp. 1406–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gallant, B. J. Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual. Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
Erhel, J., M. J. Gander, L. Halpern, G. Pichot, T. Sassi, and O. Widlund, eds. Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XXI. Vol. 98. Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma, H.-T., and M. A. Beaven. “Regulators of Ca2+ Signaling in Mast Cells: Potential Targets for Treatment of Mast Cell-Related Diseases?” Pages 62–90 in Mast Cell Biology: Contemporary and Emerging Topics. Edited by A. M. Gilfillan and D. D. Metcalfe. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Boston, MA, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scrinium.

Blog post
Andrews, R. “Indonesia Aims To Become The World Leader In Volcanically Generated Electricity.” IFLScience. September 26, 2016. No pages. Cited October 30, 2018. Online:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Concerns Over Security and Privacy Elements of the Systems Architecture. Washington, DC, September 21, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, D. M. “Prison Nursery Programs: Measuring Society’s Perceptions and Support.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. “A Game That Turned Nixon Into a Factoid.” New York Times, June 6, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleScrinium
ISSN (print)1817-7530
ISSN (online)1817-7565
ScopeReligious studies

Other styles