How to format your references using the Scrinium citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scrinium (SCRI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilks, Y. “Computer Science. Is There Progress on Talking Sensibly to Machines?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318, no. 5852 (2007) pp. 927–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grant, P. R., and B. R. Grant. “Evolution of Character Displacement in Darwin’s Finches.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313, no. 5784 (2006) pp. 224–26.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ando, R., H. Mizuno, and A. Miyawaki. “Regulated Fast Nucleocytoplasmic Shuttling Observed by Reversible Protein Highlighting.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306, no. 5700 (2004) pp. 1370–73.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Huang, J., L. Feng, D. Lu, Q. Zhang, T. Sun, and X. Chu. “Multiple Climate Cooling Prior to Sturtian Glaciations: Evidence from Chemical Index of Alteration of Sediments in South China.” Scientific Reports 4 (2014) p. 6868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curioso, A., R. Bradford, and P. Galbraith. Expert PHP and MySQL®. Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2010.
An edited book
Panico, G. The Composite Nambu-Goldstone Higgs. Edited by A. Wulzer. Vol. 913. Lecture Notes in Physics. Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Tamate, H. B. “Evolutionary Significance of Admixture and Fragmentation of Sika Deer Populations in Japan.” Pages 43–59 in Sika Deer: Biology and Management of Native and Introduced Populations. Edited by D. R. McCullough, S. Takatsuki, and K. Kaji. Tokyo, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scrinium.

Blog post
Andrew, E. “Marine Plankton Found On Surface Of International Space Station.” IFLScience. August 20, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Operations of and Outlook for the Transportation Trust Funds. Washington, DC, May 8, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldberg, D. S. “Poly (Amido Amine) Dendrimers: Transepithelial Transport Mechanisms and Applications in Oral Drug Delivery.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sulcas, R. “Alla Sizova, Star Kirov Ballerina, 75.” New York Times, December 9, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Y. Wilks, “Computer Science. Is There Progress on Talking Sensibly to Machines?,” Science 318/5852 (2007), pp. 927–28, doi:10.1126/science.1148895, Online:
This sentence cites two references Y. Wilks, “Computer Science. Is There Progress on Talking Sensibly to Machines?,” Science 318/5852 (2007), pp. 927–28, doi:10.1126/science.1148895, Online:; P. R. Grant and B. R. Grant, “Evolution of Character Displacement in Darwin’s Finches,” Science 313/5784 (2006), pp. 224–26, doi:10.1126/science.1128374, Online:

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: J. Huang et al., “Multiple Climate Cooling Prior to Sturtian Glaciations: Evidence from Chemical Index of Alteration of Sediments in South China,” Sci. Rep. 4 (2014), p. 6868, doi:10.1038/srep06868, Online:

About the journal

Full journal titleScrinium
ISSN (print)1817-7530
ISSN (online)1817-7565
ScopeReligious studies

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