How to format your references using the Scrinium citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scrinium (SCRI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McClung, C. R. “Circadian Rhythms. Linking the Loops.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323, no. 5920 (2009) pp. 1440–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegerl, G. C., and S. Solomon. “Climate Change. Risks of Climate Engineering.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325, no. 5943 (2009) pp. 955–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Denning, D. P., V. Hatch, and H. R. Horvitz. “Programmed Elimination of Cells by Caspase-Independent Cell Extrusion in C. Elegans.” Nature 488, no. 7410 (2012) pp. 226–30.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Asmis, K. R., N. L. Pivonka, G. Santambrogio, M. Brümmer, C. Kaposta, D. M. Neumark, and L. Wöste. “Gas-Phase Infrared Spectrum of the Protonated Water Dimer.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, no. 5611 (2003) pp. 1375–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane, C. Magnolia. Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
LePage, B. A., ed. Wetlands: Integrating Multidisciplinary Concepts. Dordrecht, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Bigelow, T. A., and Y. Labyed. “Attenuation Compensation and Estimation.” Pages 71–93 in Quantitative Ultrasound in Soft Tissues. Edited by J. Mamou and M. L. Oelze. Dordrecht, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scrinium.

Blog post
Andrew, E. “Cyber Security Experts Hacked Into A MOVING CAR And Took Control.” IFLScience. July 23, 2015. No pages. Cited October 30, 2018. Online:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Government-Wide Guidelines and Management Assistance Center Needed To Improve ADP Systems Development. Washington, DC, February 20, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang, X. “Electroweak Interactions and the Delta Resonance in a Chiral Effective Field Theory for Nuclei.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. “Nassau Comptroller Warns County on Finances.” New York Times, March 11, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference C. R. McClung, “Circadian Rhythms. Linking the Loops,” Science 323/5920 (2009), pp. 1440–41..
This sentence cites two references C. R. McClung, “Circadian Rhythms. Linking the Loops,” Science 323/5920 (2009), pp. 1440–41; G. C. Hegerl and S. Solomon, “Climate Change. Risks of Climate Engineering,” Science 325/5943 (2009), pp. 955–56, doi:10.1126/science.1178530, Online:

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: K. R. Asmis et al., “Gas-Phase Infrared Spectrum of the Protonated Water Dimer,” Science 299/5611 (2003), pp. 1375–77, doi:10.1126/science.1081634, Online:

About the journal

Full journal titleScrinium
ISSN (print)1817-7530
ISSN (online)1817-7565
ScopeReligious studies

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