How to format your references using the Scrinium citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scrinium (SCRI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. “Neural Circuits: Putting Neurons on the Map.” Nature 461, no. 7267 (2009) pp. 1149–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strain, A. J., and J. M. Neuberger. “A Bioartificial Liver--State of the Art.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295, no. 5557 (2002) pp. 1005–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, T., H.-J. Werner, and U. Manthe. “First-Principles Theory for the H + CH4 --> H2 + CH3 Reaction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306, no. 5705 (2004) pp. 2227–29.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Han, H.-J., J. Russo, Y. Kohwi, and T. Kohwi-Shigematsu. “SATB1 Reprogrammes Gene Expression to Promote Breast Tumour Growth and Metastasis.” Nature 452, no. 7184 (2008) pp. 187–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffmann, K. System Integration. Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Verghese, K., H. Lewis, and L. Fitzpatrick, eds. Packaging for Sustainability. London, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Haines, A. J., L. L. Dimitrova, L. M. Wallace, and C. A. Williams. “Application to Central South Island, New Zealand.” Pages 63–75 in Enhanced Surface Imaging of Crustal Deformation: Obtaining Tectonic Force Fields Using GPS Data. Edited by L. L. Dimitrova, L. M. Wallace, and C. A. Williams. SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences. Cham, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scrinium.

Blog post
Andrew, E. “Why Brontosaurus Is No Longer A Dirty Word For Dinosaur Hunters.” IFLScience. April 7, 2015. No pages. Cited October 30, 2018. Online:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Assessment of the Work Incentive Program in Washington State. Washington, DC, March 25, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan, Y. “Long-Term Effects of Higher-Quality Early Childhood Education for At-Risk Children on Their Later Development and Resilience.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Berendt, J., and J. Kanter. “In Personal Feud, Poland Opposes Ex-Premier’s 2nd Term on E.U. Council.” New York Times, March 8, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleScrinium
ISSN (print)1817-7530
ISSN (online)1817-7565
ScopeReligious studies

Other styles