How to format your references using the Behavior Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavior Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Starr C (2000) Powerful reactions. Nature 406:679
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmittner A, Galbraith ED (2008) Glacial greenhouse-gas fluctuations controlled by ocean circulation changes. Nature 456:373–376
A journal article with 3 authors
Lev M, Yehezkel O, Polat U (2014) Uncovering foveal crowding? Sci Rep 4:4067
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yusa G, Muraki K, Takashina K, et al (2005) Controlled multiple quantum coherences of nuclear spins in a nanometre-scale device. Nature 434:1001–1005

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minei I, Lucek J (2006) MPLS-Enabled Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Tambouris E, Macintosh A, Sæbø Ø (eds) (2012) Electronic Participation: 4th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2012, Kristiansand, Norway, September 3-5, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Yamamoto K, Kamiya A, Ando J (2014) Shear Stress Rapidly Alters the Physical Properties of Vascular Endothelial Cell Membranes by Decreasing Their Lipid Order and Increasing Their Fluidity. In: Roa Romero LM (ed) XIII Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2013: MEDICON 2013, 25-28 September 2013, Seville, Spain. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 19–22

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavior Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Researchers Translate Ancient Egyptian Spellbook. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects [Reissued on March 26, 2015]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelton-Quinn A (2009) Increasing positive peer reporting and on -task behavior using a peer monitoring interdependent group contingency program with public posting. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016) Among the Dictators and Commandants Are Sopranos and Baritones. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Starr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Starr 2000; Schmittner and Galbraith 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmittner and Galbraith 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Yusa et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavior Genetics
AbbreviationBehav. Genet.
ISSN (print)0001-8244
ISSN (online)1573-3297
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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