How to format your references using the Behavior Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavior Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rawlins EL (2015) Stem cells: Emergency back-up for lung repair. Nature 517:556–557
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen JE, Gürtler RE (2001) Modeling household transmission of American trypanosomiasis. Science 293:694–698
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön JH, Meng H, Bao Z (2001) Self-assembled monolayer organic field-effect transistors. Nature 413:713–716
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tripathi S, Rana R, Kumar S, et al (2014) Ferromagnetic CaRuO3. Sci Rep 4:3877

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves R, Dunwoodie B (2011) Drupal® 7 Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Turner RK, Schaafsma M (eds) (2015) Coastal Zones Ecosystem Services: From Science to Values and Decision Making. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Horsmanheimo S, Maskey N, Kokkoniemi-Tarkkanen H, et al (2013) Learning Based Proactive Handovers in Heterogeneous Networks. In: Pesch D, Timm-Giel A, Calvo RA, et al. (eds) Mobile Networks and Management: 5th International Conference, MONAMI 2013, Cork, Ireland, September 23-25, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavior Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Ban Imported American Lobsters – Before They Take Over Europe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Financial Literacy: A Federal Certification Process for Providers Would Pose Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warwick-Smith KM (2017) Remembering Prudence: Tracking the Iconography of a Cardinal Virtue to Her Resurgence in Depth Psychology. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casey N (2016) Rebel Group in Colombia Enters Talks. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rawlins 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen and Gürtler 2001; Rawlins 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen and Gürtler 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Tripathi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavior Genetics
AbbreviationBehav. Genet.
ISSN (print)0001-8244
ISSN (online)1573-3297
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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