How to format your references using the Behavior Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavior Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gauntlett J (2000) Physics. Brane new worlds. Nature 404:28–29
A journal article with 2 authors
Sessolo M, Bolink HJ (2015) Solar cells. Perovskite solar cells join the major league. Science 350:917
A journal article with 3 authors
Stanger BZ, Tanaka AJ, Melton DA (2007) Organ size is limited by the number of embryonic progenitor cells in the pancreas but not the liver. Nature 445:886–891
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu P, Huang X, Zhou R, Berne BJ (2005) Observation of a dewetting transition in the collapse of the melittin tetramer. Nature 437:159–162

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murti Y, Vijayan C (2014) Essentials of Nonlinear Optics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Chen H (2014) Nonlinear Estimation and Control of Automotive Drivetrains. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Saravanakumar G, Kim WJ (2014) Stimuli-Responsive Polymeric Nanocarriers as Promising Drug and Gene Delivery Systems. In: Prokop A, Iwasaki Y, Harada A (eds) Intracellular Delivery II: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavior Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How I Dissected A T. Rex (It Took Chainsaws, Feathers And Lots Of Latex). In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Better Prepare for Impending Wave of Controller Attrition. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez VA (2017) La Lucha Sigue: Undocumented Students Challenging Anti-Immigrant Discourses. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J (2017) Pardon My Sweat, Pass the Borscht. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gauntlett 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gauntlett 2000; Sessolo and Bolink 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sessolo and Bolink 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavior Genetics
AbbreviationBehav. Genet.
ISSN (print)0001-8244
ISSN (online)1573-3297
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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