How to format your references using the Behavior Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavior Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams R (2010) Slowing the decline. Nature 466:S13-4
A journal article with 2 authors
Masiello CA, Louchouarn P (2013) Ecology. Fire in the ocean. Science 340:287–288
A journal article with 3 authors
Isakov SV, Melko RG, Hastings MB (2012) Universal signatures of fractionalized quantum critical points. Science 335:193–195
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Valenzuela CD, Carriedo GA, Valenzuela ML, et al (2013) Solid state pathways to complex shape evolution and tunable porosity during metallic crystal growth. Sci Rep 3:2642

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee JYB (2005) Scalable Continuous Media Streaming Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Stickler BA (2016) Basic Concepts in Computational Physics, 2nd ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Solnick JV, O’rourke JL, Vandamme P, Lee A (2006) The Genus Helicobacter. In: Dworkin M, Falkow S, Rosenberg E, et al. (eds) The Prokaryotes: Volume 7: Proteobacteria: Delta, Epsilon Subclass. Springer, New York, NY, pp 139–177

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavior Genetics.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) The Ice of Ceres Tell Us About Its Changing Tilt. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) FAA Purchase Cards: Weak Controls Resulted in Instances of Improper and Wasteful Purchases and Missing Assets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joppy DA (2013) Principal Socialization in One Virginia School District: A Phenomenological Investigation. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Morris M (2012) Black Sheep. New York Times BR31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Williams 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Williams 2010; Masiello and Louchouarn 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Masiello and Louchouarn 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Valenzuela et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavior Genetics
AbbreviationBehav. Genet.
ISSN (print)0001-8244
ISSN (online)1573-3297
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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