How to format your references using the Behavior Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavior Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens B (2014) Cell physiology: The changing colour of fat. Nature 508:S52-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyithe JSB, Loeb A (2004) A large neutral fraction of cosmic hydrogen a billion years after the Big Bang. Nature 427:815–817
A journal article with 3 authors
Ragunathan K, Jih G, Moazed D (2015) Epigenetics. Epigenetic inheritance uncoupled from sequence-specific recruitment. Science 348:1258699
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ahlberg PE, Clack JA, Luksevics E, et al (2008) Ventastega curonica and the origin of tetrapod morphology. Nature 453:1199–1204

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayuela Valencia R (2013) The Future of the Chemical Industry by 2050. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Meharg AA (2012) Arsenic & Rice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Wolf J, Vicente A, Gibbons P, et al (2009) BunnyBot: Humanoid Platform for Research and Teaching. In: Kim J-H, Ge SS, Vadakkepat P, et al. (eds) Progress in Robotics: FIRA RoboWorld Congress 2009, Incheon, Korea, August 16-20, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 25–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavior Genetics.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Video Shows An Orca Throwing A Seal 80 Feet Into The Air. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership Today Needed To Prevent Future Disruption of Government Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cong M (2015) Predictive models of cytotoxicity as mediated by exposure to environmental toxicants and drugs. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir SM (2017) For Family Reeling From Death in Times Square Crash, ‘Nothing Is Safe Anymore.’ New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Owens 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wyithe and Loeb 2004; Owens 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wyithe and Loeb 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahlberg et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavior Genetics
AbbreviationBehav. Genet.
ISSN (print)0001-8244
ISSN (online)1573-3297
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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