How to format your references using the Journal of Oncological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oncological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Broecker WS. Does the trigger for abrupt climate change reside in the ocean or in the atmosphere? Science. 2003;300(5625):1519-1522.
A journal article with 2 authors
An SJ, Almers W. Tracking SNARE complex formation in live endocrine cells. Science. 2004;306(5698):1042-1046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamada Y, Kawabe T, Miyazaki M. Pattern randomness aftereffect. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2906.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
van der Marel D, Molegraaf HJA, Zaanen J, et al. Quantum critical behaviour in a high-T(c) superconductor. Nature. 2003;425(6955):271-274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz D. The Future of Finance. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Magedanz T, Gavras A, Thanh NH, Chase JS, eds. Testbeds and Research Infrastructures. Development of Networks and Communities: 6th International ICST Conference, TridentCom 2010, Berlin, Germany, May 18-20, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 46. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Cataldo A, De Benedetto E, Cannazza G. Quantitative and Qualitative Characterization of Liquid Materials. In: De Benedetto E, Cannazza G, eds. Broadband Reflectometry for Enhanced Diagnostics and Monitoring Applications. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer; 2011:51-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oncological Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. Why Do Science Issues Seem To Divide Us Along Party Lines? IFLScience. Published October 19, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Programs: Major Issues Affecting Postsecondary Education, School-to-Work, and Youth Employment Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickens KR. Factors Influencing Teacher Job Satisfaction and Their Alignment with Current District Practices in a Suburban School District. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Federer Is Seeded 17th but Gets a Friendly Draw. New York Times. January 13, 2017:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oncological Science
ISSN (print)2452-3364

Other styles