How to format your references using the Journal of Oncological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oncological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow JF. The beanbag lives on. Nature. 2001;409(6822):771.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marusyk A, Polyak K. Cancer. Cancer cell phenotypes, in fifty shades of grey. Science. 2013;339(6119):528-529.
A journal article with 3 authors
Drell SD, Shultz GP, Andreasen SP. Nuclear safety. A safer nuclear enterprise. Science. 2012;336(6086):1236.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Metcalf D, Greenhalgh CJ, Viney E, et al. Gigantism in mice lacking suppressor of cytokine signalling-2. Nature. 2000;405(6790):1069-1073.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qu D. Manufacturing and Managing Customer-Driven Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
González-Aguilar H, Ugalde E, eds. Nonlinear Dynamics New Directions: Models and Applications. Vol 12. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Headleand CJ, Jackson J, Williams B, Priday L, Teahan WJ, Ap Cenydd L. How the Perceived Identity of a NPC Companion Influences Player Behavior. In: Gavrilova ML, Tan CJK, Sourin A, eds. Transactions on Computational Science XXVIII: Special Issue on Cyberworlds and Cybersecurity. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2016:88-107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oncological Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. Skeleton Dated To 3.67 Million Years Old. IFLScience. Published April 2, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Actions Must Be Taken Now to Address Slow Pace of Federal Progress. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grizzel RE. Three Choral Works by Dr. James Mobberley—the Analysis Rehearsal, and Performance of “Poem to Ease Birth”, “Lullaby”, and “Spring: O Sparrow.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. Publication Gives 2 Neighborhoods Unwanted Local Color. New York Times. April 19, 1998:149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oncological Science
ISSN (print)2452-3364

Other styles