How to format your references using the Journal of Oncological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oncological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marshall E. Nobel century. For winners, a new life of opportunity--and perils. Science. 2001;294(5541):293-295.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gerson AR, Guglielmo CG. Flight at low ambient humidity increases protein catabolism in migratory birds. Science. 2011;333(6048):1434-1436.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pfennig DW, Harcombe WR, Pfennig KS. Frequency-dependent Batesian mimicry. Nature. 2001;410(6826):323.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Staskawicz BJ, Mudgett MB, Dangl JL, Galan JE. Common and contrasting themes of plant and animal diseases. Science. 2001;292(5525):2285-2289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
MacIsaac B, Langton R. Gas Turbine Propulsion Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Grinevetsky SR. The Black Sea Encyclopedia. (Zonn IS, Zhiltsov SS, Kosarev AN, Kostianoy AG, eds.). Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Urban Z. Variational Principles for Immersed Submanifolds. In: Zenkov DV, ed. The Inverse Problem of the Calculus of Variations: Local and Global Theory. Atlantis Studies in Variational Geometry. Atlantis Press; 2015:103-170.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oncological Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Camera, Mobile, Headphones: The Low-Cost Set Up That Can Help Blind People ‘See.’ IFLScience. Published January 7, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/camera-mobile-headphones-low-cost-set-can-help-blind-people-see/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Motor Carriers: DOT Is Shifting to Performance-Based Standards to Assess Whether Carriers Operate Safely. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Geiselman CK. Diet and reproduction of sympatric nectar-feeding bat species (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in French Guiana. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Furey J. The Saltshaker Trick. New York Times. August 20, 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oncological Science
ISSN (print)2452-3364
Scope

Other styles