How to format your references using the Journal of Oncological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oncological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaren A. Ethical and social considerations of stem cell research. Nature. 2001;414(6859):129-131.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dietrich WE, Perron JT. The search for a topographic signature of life. Nature. 2006;439(7075):411-418.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNally A, Prier CK, MacMillan DWC. Discovery of an α-amino C-H arylation reaction using the strategy of accelerated serendipity. Science. 2011;334(6059):1114-1117.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Endres M, Cheneau M, Fukuhara T, et al. Observation of correlated particle-hole pairs and string order in low-dimensional Mott insulators. Science. 2011;334(6053):200-203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherrie JW, Howie RM, Semple S. Monitoring for Health Hazards at Work. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Dominik J. Heart Valve Surgery: An Illustrated Guide. (Zacek P, ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen L, Zeng Z. Which Symmetric Homogeneous Polynomials Can Be Proved Positive Semi-definite by Difference Substitution Method? In: Kapur D, ed. Computer Mathematics: 8th Asian Symposium, ASCM 2007, Singapore, December 15-17, 2007. Revised and Invited Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008:57-71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oncological Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. British Astronaut Tim Peake Is Going Back To Space. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: Systems Architecture Needed for National Weather Service Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson TF. The Aircraft Electric Taxi System: A Qualitative Multi Case Study. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. Clinton Plan for Taxes Is Expansive but Complex. New York Times. September 15, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oncological Science
ISSN (print)2452-3364

Other styles