How to format your references using the Biomaterials Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomaterials Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Fitter, Science, 2003, 301, 1337–1338.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Rubio and X. W. Deng, Science, 2007, 318, 206–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. C. Y. Li, F. Petruccione and J. Koch, Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, 4887.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Bortnik, W. Li, R. M. Thorne, V. Angelopoulos, C. Cully, J. Bonnell, O. Le Contel and A. Roux, Science, 2009, 324, 775–778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. K. Sarkar, M. Salazar-Palma and E. L. Mokole, Physics of Multiantenna Systems and Broadband Processing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
T. Cruz-del Rosario, Comparative Political Transitions between Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa: Lost in Transition, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. C. Stubberud and A. M. Teranishi, in Advances in Systems Science: Proceedings of the International Conference on Systems Science 2013 (ICSS 2013), eds. J. Swiątek, A. Grzech, P. Swiątek and J. M. Tomczak, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014, pp. 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomaterials Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Cute But Not So Innocent: Seals Blamed For Porpoise Massacre,, (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Motor Vehicle Safety: Passive Restraints Needed to Make Light Trucks Safer, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. M. Lew, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, New York Times, 2017, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomaterials Science
AbbreviationBiomater. Sci.
ISSN (print)2047-4830
ISSN (online)2047-4849
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Materials Science

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