How to format your references using the International Journal of Bipolar Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee PA. High-temperature superconductors. Some vortices like it hot. Nature. 2000 Aug 3;406(6795):467–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Webster R, Hulse D. Controlling avian flu at the source. Nature. 2005 May 26;435(7041):415–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu Z, Gauthier DJ, Boyd RW. Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering. Science. 2007 Dec 14;318(5857):1748–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stickgold R, Hobson JA, Fosse R, Fosse M. Sleep, learning, and dreams: off-line memory reprocessing. Science. 2001 Nov 2;294(5544):1052–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz W. Do Species Exist? Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
He J, Liu X, Krupinski EA, Xu G, editors. Health Information Science: First International Conference, HIS 2012, Beijing, China, April 8-10, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Fung G, Sandilya S, Rao RB. Rule Extraction from Linear Support Vector Machines via Mathematical Programming. In: Diederich J, editor. Rule Extraction from Support Vector Machines. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 83–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew E. Captive Giant Pandas May Need To Form A Fight Club To Save The Species. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Technology Assessment: Neutron Detectors: Alternatives to Using Helium-3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Sep. Report No.: GAO-11-753.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox CE. Postcolonial play: Encounters with sport and physical culture in contemporary India [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices to Say When Police Can Enter Private Home. New York Times. 2006 Jan 7;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lee 2000; Webster and Hulse 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Webster and Hulse 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Stickgold et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bipolar Disorders
AbbreviationInt. J. Bipolar Disord.
ISSN (online)2194-7511

Other styles