How to format your references using the International Journal of Bipolar Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunz UHF. Chemistry. How are alkynes scrambled? Science. 2005 Apr 8;308(5719):216–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kincaid C, Griffiths RW. Laboratory models of the thermal evolution of the mantle during rollback subduction. Nature. 2003 Sep 4;425(6953):58–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cabanes C, Cazenave A, Le Provost C. Sea level rise during past 40 years determined from satellite and in situ observations. Science. 2001 Oct 26;294(5543):840–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Backus EHG, Eichler A, Kleyn AW, Bonn M. Real-time observation of molecular motion on a surface. Science. 2005 Dec 16;310(5755):1790–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang B, Wang X. Chaos Analysis and Chaotic EMI Suppression of DC-DC Converters. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Begun V, Jenkovszky LL, Polański A, editors. Progress in HighEnergy Physics and Nuclear Safety. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Bohlouli M, Schulz F, Angelis L, Pahor D, Brandic I, Atlan D, et al. Towards an Integrated Platform for Big Data Analysis. In: Fathi M, editor. Integration of Practice-Oriented Knowledge Technology: Trends and Prospectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew E. Awesome Astronomical Events That Will Occur Long After We’re Dead [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Security: Perspectives on Worldwide Threats and Implications for U.S. Forces. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: NSIAD-92-104.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trinooson TE. CFD investigations of a round jet with coil insert in crossflow [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Looking for Cash, Congress Finds Some in a Corporate Pension Rule Tweak. New York Times. 2012 Jun 29;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bunz 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bunz 2005; Kincaid and Griffiths 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kincaid and Griffiths 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Backus et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bipolar Disorders
AbbreviationInt. J. Bipolar Disord.
ISSN (online)2194-7511

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