How to format your references using the International Journal of Bipolar Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pincus P. PHASE TRANSITIONS: Y’s and Ends. Science. 2000 Nov 17;290(5495):1307–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losos JB, Ricklefs RE. Adaptation and diversification on islands. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):830–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ristaino JB, Groves CT, Parra GR. PCR amplification of the Irish potato famine pathogen from historic specimens. Nature. 2001 Jun 7;411(6838):695–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chunyu T, Xiujun P, Zhengjun F, Xia Z, Feihu Z. Corneal collagen cross-linking in keratoconus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 2014 Jul 10;4:5652.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim RA. Handbook of Structural Life Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Zhong N, Ma J, Liu J, Huang R, Tao X, editors. Wisdom Web of Things. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Jevtić M, Vukotić D, Arsenović M. Hardy Spaces of Analytic Functions. In: Vukotić D, Arsenović M, editors. Taylor Coefficients and Coefficient Multipliers of Hardy and Bergman-Type Spaces. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 57–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders.

Blog post
Andrews R. What Exactly Is A Super-Recognizer? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Consolidated Education Planning: State Education Agencies’ Implementation of Consolidated Planning at the Local Level. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Feb. Report No.: HEHS-99-33R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plumer DR. The relationship between earned value management metrics and customer satisfaction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. The Jazz Age Relived. New York Times. 2017 Mar 15;F8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pincus 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Losos and Ricklefs 2009; Pincus 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losos and Ricklefs 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Chunyu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bipolar Disorders
AbbreviationInt. J. Bipolar Disord.
ISSN (online)2194-7511

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