How to format your references using the International Journal of Bipolar Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gandhi KJK. The best decision I ever made. Science. 2015 Nov 27;350(6264):1122.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heisler IA, Meech SR. Low-frequency modes of aqueous alkali halide solutions: glimpsing the hydrogen bonding vibration. Science. 2010 Feb 12;327(5967):857–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ammerman AJ, Pinhasi R, Bánffy E. Comment on “Ancient DNA from the first European farmers in 7500-year-old Neolithic sites.” Science. 2006 Jun 30;312(5782):1875; author reply 1875.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Karmodiya K, Anamika K, Muley V, Pradhan SJ, Bhide Y, Galande S. Camello, a novel family of Histone Acetyltransferases that acetylate histone H4 and is essential for zebrafish development. Sci. Rep. 2014 Aug 15;4:6076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodhew S. Sustainable Construction Processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Ideker T, Bafna V, editors. Systems Biology and Computational Proteomics: Joint RECOMB 2006 Satellite Workshops on Systems Biology and on Computational Proteomics, San Diego, CA, USA, December 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Azócar Fernández PI, Buchroithner MF. Critical Cartography in the Context of Post-Modernism. In: Buchroithner MF, editor. Paradigms in Cartography: An Epistemological Review of the 20th and 21st Centuries. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew E. David Attenborough Says The Great Barrier Reef Is In ‘Grave Danger’ – It’s Time To Step Up [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guide for Writing Executive Summaries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 May. Report No.: 130024.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brient R. Performance considerations for Philippe Gaubert’s “Madrigal” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soloski A. The Ethics of Telling Someone Else’s Story. New York Times. 2015 May 6;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gandhi 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gandhi 2015; Heisler and Meech 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heisler and Meech 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Karmodiya et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bipolar Disorders
AbbreviationInt. J. Bipolar Disord.
ISSN (online)2194-7511

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