How to format your references using the International Journal of Bipolar Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mesot J. Applied physics. The neutron spin-echo technique at full strength. Science. 2006 Jun 30;312(5782):1888–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moiseff A, Copeland J. Firefly synchrony: a behavioral strategy to minimize visual clutter. Science. 2010 Jul 9;329(5988):181.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seto KC, Kaufmann RK, Woodcock CE. Landsat reveals China’s farmland reserves, but they’re vanishing fast. Nature. 2000 Jul 13;406(6792):121.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zheng H, Liu Y, Cao F, Wu S, Jia S, Cao A, et al. Electron beam-assisted healing of nanopores in magnesium alloys. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:1920.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider HJ. Wittgenstein’s Later Theory of Meaning. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Andersen KV, Debenham J, Wagner R, editors. Database and Expert Systems Applications: 16th International Conference, DEXA 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 22-26, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang RF. Spatial Processing and View-Dependent Representations. In: Mast F, Jäncke L, editors. Spatial Processing in Navigation, Imagery and Perception. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew E. China and US Make Historic Climate Change Agreement [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Immigrant Education: Federal Funding Has Not Kept Pace With Student Increases. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: T-HEHS-94-146.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers S. Teacher Induction Programs: How Key Components Influence Teacher Retention Rates in Rural School Districts [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B, Fisher I. President Puts Saudis at Core Of Peace Effort. New York Times. 2017 May 23;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mesot 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Mesot 2006; Moiseff and Copeland 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moiseff and Copeland 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bipolar Disorders
AbbreviationInt. J. Bipolar Disord.
ISSN (online)2194-7511

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