How to format your references using the International Journal of Bipolar Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charlesworth B. Evolution. Variation catches a ride. Science. 2010 Oct 15;330(6002):326–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gan J, Appenzeller T. 2013 Visualization Challenge. Introduction. Science. 2014 Feb 7;343(6171):599.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty P, Gioia G, Kieffer SW. Volcanic mesocyclones. Nature. 2009 Mar 26;458(7237):497–500.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Misra S, Kumar A, Ratnasekhar C, Sharma V, Mudiam MKR, Ravi Ram K. Exposure to endosulfan influences sperm competition in Drosophila melanogaster. Sci. Rep. 2014 Dec 11;4:7433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pagliaro LA, Pagliaro AM. Handbook of Child and Adolescent Drug and Substance Abuse. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Chiu M-H, Tuan H-L, Wu H-K, Lin J-W, Chou C-C, editors. Chemistry Education and Sustainability in the Global Age. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Duran A, Ferrer R, Klemm M, de Supinski BR, Ayguadé E. A Proposal for User-Defined Reductions in OpenMP. In: Sato M, Hanawa T, Müller MS, Chapman BM, Supinski BR de, editors. Beyond Loop Level Parallelism in OpenMP: Accelerators, Tasking and More: 6th Internationan Workshop on OpenMP, IWOMP 2010, Tsukuba, Japan, June 14-16, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bipolar Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew E. Neanderthal genome shows high levels of inbreeding. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Freight Rail Security: Actions Have Been Taken to Enhance Security, but the Federal Strategy Can Be Strengthened and Security Efforts Better Monitored. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Apr. Report No.: GAO-09-243.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wen J. Moving office document processing into the cloud [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Morgan PL, Farkas G. Is Special Education Racist? New York Times. 2015 Jun 24;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Charlesworth 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Charlesworth 2010; Gan and Appenzeller 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gan and Appenzeller 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Misra et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bipolar Disorders
AbbreviationInt. J. Bipolar Disord.
ISSN (online)2194-7511

Other styles