How to format your references using the Public Organization Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Organization Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoskins, B. J. (2003). Atmospheric science. Climate change at cruising altitude? Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5632), 469–470.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fallani, L., & Inguscio, M. (2008). Physics. Controlling cold-atom conductivity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1480–1481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mazmanian, S. K., Round, J. L., & Kasper, D. L. (2008). A microbial symbiosis factor prevents intestinal inflammatory disease. Nature, 453(7195), 620–625.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shiraishi, R., Ohtani, E., Kanagawa, K., Shimojuku, A., & Zhao, D. (2008). Crystallographic preferred orientation of akimotoite and seismic anisotropy of Tonga slab. Nature, 455(7213), 657–660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer, D. A. (2005). Hazardous Materials Characterization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schofield, N., & Caballero, G. (Eds.). (2015). The Political Economy of Governance: Institutions, Political Performance and Elections. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Leśniewska, B., Sawicka, S., & Godlewska-Żyłkiewicz, B. (2015). On the Underestimated Factors Influencing the Accuracy of Determination of Pt and Pd by Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometry in Road Dust Samples. In F. Zereini & C. L. S. Wiseman (Eds.), Platinum Metals in the Environment (pp. 53–65). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Organization Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 22). One Night Of Sleep Deprivation Can Affect The Genes That Control The Biological Clocks In Your Cells. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Commercial Trucking: Safety and Infrastructure Issues Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (No. RCED-96-61). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Page, J. A. (2009). Contested urban space: Competing discourses of urban development and environmental conservation in Playa Vista, California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 28). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Uses Farm Speech to Begin New Offensive. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoskins 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fallani and Inguscio 2008; Hoskins 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fallani and Inguscio 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Shiraishi et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Organization Review
AbbreviationPublic Organ. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-7170
ISSN (online)1573-7098
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

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