How to format your references using the Public Organization Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Organization Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ryan, A. J. (2009). Journal club. A chemist welcomes an ingenious advance in plastics technology. Nature, 458(7238), 553.
A journal article with 2 authors
Min, J.-H., & Pavletich, N. P. (2007). Recognition of DNA damage by the Rad4 nucleotide excision repair protein. Nature, 449(7162), 570–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bradshaw, D., Warren, J. E., & Rosseinsky, M. J. (2007). Reversible concerted ligand substitution at alternating metal sites in an extended solid. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5814), 977–980.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Piwon, N., Günther, W., Schwake, M., Bösl, M. R., & Jentsch, T. J. (2000). ClC-5 Cl- -channel disruption impairs endocytosis in a mouse model for Dent’s disease. Nature, 408(6810), 369–373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barkham, R. (2012). Real Estate and Globalisation. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Biggeri, L., & Ferrari, G. (Eds.). (2010). Price Indexes in Time and Space: Methods and Practice. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.
A chapter in an edited book
Holmes, W. H., & Rinaman, W. C. (2014). Describing the Distribution of a Quantitative Variable. In W. C. Rinaman (Ed.), Statistical Literacy for Clinical Practitioners (pp. 87–125). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Organization Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 14). Mediterranean Diet May Slow Down Age-Associated Cognitive Decline. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Basis Used by the Office of Education for Classifying Contracts as Either Competitive or Noncompetitive (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giles, C. L. (2015). Faculty mentoring of undergraduate students: A qualitative phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, February 27). Justices Take Up Police Use of Lethal Force. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ryan 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Min and Pavletich 2007; Ryan 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Min and Pavletich 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Piwon et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Organization Review
AbbreviationPublic Organ. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-7170
ISSN (online)1573-7098
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

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