How to format your references using the Public Organization Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Organization Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmollinger, J. (2002). Easing the journey back home. Nature, 416(6879), 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turgeon, S. C., & Creaser, R. A. (2008). Cretaceous oceanic anoxic event 2 triggered by a massive magmatic episode. Nature, 454(7202), 323–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, Z.-X., Lan, H., & Ji, W. (2014). Role of the dispersion force in modeling the interfacial properties of molecule-metal interfaces: adsorption of thiophene on copper surfaces. Scientific reports, 4, 5036.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goldstein, S. L., Soffer, G., Langmuir, C. H., Lehnert, K. A., Graham, D. W., & Michael, P. J. (2008). Origin of a “Southern Hemisphere” geochemical signature in the Arctic upper mantle. Nature, 453(7191), 89–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heywood, J. (2005). Engineering Education. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Syrotiuk, V. R., & Chávez, E. (Eds.). (2005). Ad-Hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 4th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2005, Cancun, Mexico, October 6-8, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3738). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Garavaglia, C., & Breschi, S. (2009). The Co-Evolution of Entrepreneurship and Clusters. In U. Fratesi & L. Senn (Eds.), Growth and Innovation of Competitive Regions: The Role of Internal and External Connections (pp. 95–116). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Organization Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 9). Ancient Aboriginal Stories Preserve History Of A Rise In Sea Level. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Surface Transportation: Tight Budget Environment Requires Sound Investment Strategy (No. T-RCED-94-146). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vundavilli, R. (2014). Bubble Removal in Microfluidic Devices Using Nanofibrous Membranes (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, September 9). Honoring Neighbors Killed in Attacks. New York Times, p. 14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmollinger 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Schmollinger 2002; Turgeon and Creaser 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turgeon and Creaser 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Goldstein et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Organization Review
AbbreviationPublic Organ. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-7170
ISSN (online)1573-7098
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

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