How to format your references using the Public Organization Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Organization Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liechty, J. (2012). Scientists and bankers - a new model army. Nature, 484(7393), 143.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leek, J. T., & Peng, R. D. (2015). Statistics: P values are just the tip of the iceberg. Nature, 520(7549), 612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalisz, S., Vogler, D. W., & Hanley, K. M. (2004). Context-dependent autonomous self-fertilization yields reproductive assurance and mixed mating. Nature, 430(7002), 884–887.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Korzhnev, D. M., Salvatella, X., Vendruscolo, M., Di Nardo, A. A., Davidson, A. R., Dobson, C. M., & Kay, L. E. (2004). Low-populated folding intermediates of Fyn SH3 characterized by relaxation dispersion NMR. Nature, 430(6999), 586–590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prutchi, D., & Norris, M. (2004). Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ceyhan, Ö., Manin, Y. I., & Marcolli, M. (Eds.). (2010). Arithmetic and Geometry Around Quantization (Vol. 279). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, D., & El-Hacha, R. (2016). The Use of Appropriate Finite Element Modelling Techniques for the Idealization of a Novel Hybrid Multi-girder Bridge Deck System. In A. Caner, P. Gülkan, & K. Mahmoud (Eds.), Developments in International Bridge Engineering: Selected Papers from Istanbul Bridge Conference 2014 (pp. 51–64). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Organization Review.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, April 1). Lamb Born With A Human-Like Face. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Land Management Systems: Status of BLM’s Actions to Improve Information Technology Management (No. AIMD-00-67). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Friedman, D. E. (2017). Characterization of Organic Matter in Suspended Sediments Via Pyrolysis and Oxidation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J. R. (2017, April 6). Your Car May Soon Be Able to Read Your Face. New York Times, p. B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liechty 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Leek and Peng 2015; Liechty 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leek and Peng 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Korzhnev et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Organization Review
AbbreviationPublic Organ. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-7170
ISSN (online)1573-7098
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

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