How to format your references using the Public Organization Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Organization Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatfull, G. F. (2001). Microbiology. The great escape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5525), 2263–2264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hauert, C., & Doebeli, M. (2004). Spatial structure often inhibits the evolution of cooperation in the snowdrift game. Nature, 428(6983), 643–646.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, L.-A., Walther, P., & Lidar, D. A. (2013). No-go theorem for passive single-rail linear optical quantum computing. Scientific reports, 3, 1394.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Canman, J. C., Lewellyn, L., Laband, K., Smerdon, S. J., Desai, A., Bowerman, B., & Oegema, K. (2008). Inhibition of Rac by the GAP activity of centralspindlin is essential for cytokinesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1543–1546.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Retherford, R. D., & Choe, M. K. (1993). Statistical Models for Causal Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sutovsky, P. (Ed.). (2014). Posttranslational Protein Modifications in the Reproductive System (Vol. 759). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gisbertz, S. S., Straatman, J., & Cuesta, M. A. (2014). General Principles of Recognition of Major Complications Following Surgery of the Digestive Tract. In M. A. Cuesta & H. J. Bonjer (Eds.), Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery (pp. 27–33). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Organization Review.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 9). This Cute Falcon Chick Was Rescued At CERN. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Technology Transfer: Federal Efforts to Enhance the Competitiveness of Small Manufacturers (No. RCED-92-30). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vande Voort, P. S. (2013). A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, April 22). Just Call Them Edwardian. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatfull 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hatfull 2001; Hauert and Doebeli 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hauert and Doebeli 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Canman et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Organization Review
AbbreviationPublic Organ. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-7170
ISSN (online)1573-7098
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

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