How to format your references using the Behaviour Research and Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behaviour Research and Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2007). Georgia on the mind. Nature, 445(7129), 790–791.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dawson, R. I., & Chiang, E. (2014). A class of warm Jupiters with mutually inclined, apsidally misaligned close friends. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6206), 212–216.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bietenholz, M. F., Bartel, N., & Rupen, M. P. (2004). Discovery of a compact radio component in the center of supernova 1986J. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1947–1949.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sato, Y., Kojima, R., Okumura, M., Hagiwara, M., Masui, S., Maegawa, K.-I., … Inaba, K. (2013). Synergistic cooperation of PDI family members in peroxiredoxin 4-driven oxidative protein folding. Scientific Reports, 3, 2456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsch, R. (2017). Convergence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Balian, E. V., Lévêque, C., Segers, H., & Martens, K. (Eds.). (2008). Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment (Vol. 198). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hongjian, G. A. O., Chunlan, Y. A. N. G., Lei, Z. H. A. O., Haiming, A. I., Shuicai, W. U., Zhiggang, C. H. E. N. G., & Ping, L. I. A. N. G. (2010). Design and Implementation of Liver Hyperthermia Treatment Planning System. In O. Dössel & W. C. Schlegel (Eds.), World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/4 Image Processing, Biosignal Processing, Modelling and Simulation, Biomechanics (pp. 17–20). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behaviour Research and Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 23). Is This Really What A Big Mac Does To Your Body In An Hour? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Trucking Transportation: Information on Handling of Undercharge Claims (No. RCED-93-208FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rangwala, R. (2005). The Role of the PDZ Protein, Erbin, in Schwann Cells (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, June 16). Mystery of the Missing Tenants. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Dawson & Chiang, 2014; Smaglik, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dawson & Chiang, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bietenholz, Bartel, & Rupen, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sato et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehaviour Research and Therapy
AbbreviationBehav. Res. Ther.
ISSN (print)0005-7967
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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