How to format your references using the BBA - Biomembranes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BBA - Biomembranes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
M.S. Strano, Chemistry. Functional DNA origami devices, Science. 338 (2012) 890–891.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
A.C. Correia, J. Laskar, The four final rotation states of Venus, Nature. 411 (2001) 767–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
D.I. Godfrey, D.G. Pellicci, M.J. Smyth, Immunology. The elusive NKT cell antigen--is the search over?, Science. 306 (2004) 1687–1689.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
P. Dufour, J. Liebert, G. Fontaine, N. Behara, White dwarf stars with carbon atmospheres, Nature. 450 (2007) 522–524.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
B. Alberts, A. Johnson, J. Lewis, D. Morgan, M. Raff, K. Roberts, P. Walter, Molekularbiologie der Zelle, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2017.
An edited book
[1]
P. Cimiano, H.S. Pinto, eds., Knowledge Engineering and Management by the Masses: 17th International Conference, EKAW 2010, Lisbon, Portugal, October 11-15, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
S.-J. Seo, Teaching Efficacy Belief as a New Paradigm for Teacher Career Development and Professionalism in Korea, in: S. Garvis, D. Pendergast (Eds.), Asia-Pacific Perspectives on Teacher Self-Efficacy, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2016: pp. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BBA - Biomembranes.

Blog post
[1]
J. O`Callaghan, Elon Musk’s Hyperloop Is Actually Sort Of Happening, IFLScience. (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, FTS2001: Transition Challenges Jeopardize Program Goals, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
S.L. Harvey, From “The Man With the Hoe” to “Tobacco Road”: Class, Poverty and Religion and the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
L. Saslow, School Chief, Never Accused, Quits After Scandal, New York Times. (2006) LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBBA - Biomembranes
AbbreviationBiochim. Biophys. Acta Biomembr.
ISSN (print)0005-2736
ScopeBiochemistry
Biophysics
Cell Biology

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