How to format your references using the Autonomous Robots citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autonomous Robots. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matthews, K. R. (2011). Controlling and coordinating development in vector-transmitted parasites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6021), 1149–1153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burgoyne, C. B., & Lea, S. E. G. (2006). Psychology. Money is material. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5802), 1091–1092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sachs, J. P., Anderson, R. F., & Lehman, S. J. (2001). Glacial surface temperatures of the southeast Atlantic Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2077–2079.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Edwards, J. K., Solsona, B., N, E. N., Carley, A. F., Herzing, A. A., Kiely, C. J., & Hutchings, G. J. (2009). Switching off hydrogen peroxide hydrogenation in the direct synthesis process. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5917), 1037–1041.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, F., & Aizawa, K. (2010). The Bounds of Cognition. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
L’Abate, L. (Ed.). (2012). Paradigms in Theory Construction. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kunihiro, N. (2012). On Optimal Bounds of Small Inverse Problems and Approximate GCD Problems with Higher Degree. In D. Gollmann & F. C. Freiling (Eds.), Information Security: 15th International Conference, ISC 2012, Passau, Germany, September 19-21, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 55–69). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autonomous Robots.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 26). Watch This Ex-Circus Lion Feel Grass For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of the Telecommunications Industry (No. AIMD-99-293). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layer, B. D. (2012). Structured plasma waveguides and deep EUV generation enabled by intense laser-cluster interactions (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stevenson, A., & Goldstein, M. (2016, December 26). Renting to Own a Tainted Home. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Matthews 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Burgoyne and Lea 2006; Matthews 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burgoyne and Lea 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Edwards et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutonomous Robots
AbbreviationAuton. Robots
ISSN (print)0929-5593
ISSN (online)1573-7527
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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