How to format your references using the Autonomous Robots citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autonomous Robots (Auton Robot). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pennisi, E. (2002). Primate evolution. Gene activity clocks brain’s fast evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5566), 233–235.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartmann, D. L., & Hendon, H. H. (2007). Atmospheric science. Resolving an atmospheric enigma. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5857), 1731–1732.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ince, D. C., Hatton, L., & Graham-Cumming, J. (2012). The case for open computer programs. Nature, 482(7386), 485–488.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, K. S. Y., Siebert, M., Mertel, S., Knoche, E., Wegener, S., Wichmann, C., et al. (2011). RIM-binding protein, a central part of the active zone, is essential for neurotransmitter release. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6062), 1565–1569.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corrigan, P. W., Roe, D., & Tsang, H. W. H. (2011). Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Li, W., Huhns, M. N., Tsai, W.-T., & Wu, W. (Eds.). (2015). Crowdsourcing: Cloud-Based Software Development. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Renwick, R. (2016). Rarely Seen, Seldom Heard: People with Intellectual Disabilities in the Mass Media. In K. Scior & S. Werner (Eds.), Intellectual Disability and Stigma: Stepping Out from the Margins (pp. 61–75). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autonomous Robots.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 24). Floating Plastic Found Within The Arctic Circle. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Very Light Jets: Several Factors Could Influence Their Effect on the National Airspace System (No. GAO-07-1001). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ross, T. A. (2008). The surgical technologist learning partnership: A comparison of factors in a preceptor relationship (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, May 29). Sharing a Name With His Game, and Doing His Best to Live Up to It. New York Times, p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pennisi 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Pennisi 2002, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartmann and Hendon 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutonomous Robots
AbbreviationAuton. Robots
ISSN (print)0929-5593
ISSN (online)1573-7527
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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