How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford, N., 2010. History: The changing notion of food. Nature 468, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shindo, A., Wallingford, J.B., 2014. PCP and septins compartmentalize cortical actomyosin to direct collective cell movement. Science 343, 649–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leone, A., Ferrari, P.F., Palagi, E., 2014. Different yawns, different functions? Testing social hypotheses on spontaneous yawning in Theropithecus gelada. Sci. Rep. 4, 4010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fung, E., Wong, W.W., Suen, J.K., Bulter, T., Lee, S.-G., Liao, J.C., 2005. A synthetic gene-metabolic oscillator. Nature 435, 118–122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl, B., Thewes, M., Maidl, U., 2014. Handbook of Tunnel Engineering II. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Morandi, C., 2016. From Smart City to Smart Region: Digital Services for an Internet of Places, 1st ed. 2016. ed, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Schiefer, H.G., Diemer, T., Weidner, W., 2007. Urosepsis, in: Hohenfellner, M., Santucci, R.A. (Eds.), Emergencies in Urology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Mice Skin Got Thinner After Three Months In Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Laboratory Research: State of Tennessee Exempts DOE’s Spallation Neutron Source Project From Sales and Use Taxes (No. RCED-00-99R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shendge, P.N., 2017. Improvement in Estimation of Carrier Frequency Offset in Wireless Networks (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C., 2016. A Madman Tangled in Thickets of Dark Satire. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stafford, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Shindo and Wallingford, 2014; Stafford, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shindo and Wallingford, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Fung et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Economics and Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Econ. Manage.
ISSN (print)0095-0696
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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