How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin-Frankel, J., 2015. Clinical trials. Researchers seek clear reasons when clinical trials end early. Science 349, 222.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toth, L.J., Assad, J.A., 2002. Dynamic coding of behaviourally relevant stimuli in parietal cortex. Nature 415, 165–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lissauer, J.J., Dawson, R.I., Tremaine, S., 2014. Advances in exoplanet science from Kepler. Nature 513, 336–344.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gan, X., Stegle, O., Behr, J., Steffen, J.G., Drewe, P., Hildebrand, K.L., Lyngsoe, R., Schultheiss, S.J., Osborne, E.J., Sreedharan, V.T., Kahles, A., Bohnert, R., Jean, G., Derwent, P., Kersey, P., Belfield, E.J., Harberd, N.P., Kemen, E., Toomajian, C., Kover, P.X., Clark, R.M., Rätsch, G., Mott, R., 2011. Multiple reference genomes and transcriptomes for Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature 477, 419–423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karamalidis, A.K., Dzombak, D.A., 2010. Surface Complexation Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gherbawy, Y., Voigt, K. (Eds.), 2010. Molecular Identification of Fungi. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Feller, D., Kamareddine, F., Burski, L., 2016. Using MathLang to Check the Correctness of Specifications in Object-Z, in: Singh, V.K., Srivastava, H.M., Venturino, E., Resch, M., Gupta, V. (Eds.), Modern Mathematical Methods and High Performance Computing in Science and Technology: M3HPCST, Ghaziabad, India, December 2015, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer, Singapore, pp. 45–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Are We Eating Too Much Arsenic? We Need Better Tests To Know [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. [Suitability of the MUMPS Language for Government Agencies] (No. B-203143). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, J.E., 2009. Job satisfaction and burnout among foreign -trained nurses in Saudi Arabia: A mixed-method study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., Hubbard, B., 2017. As Saudis Open Up, Investors Tiptoe In. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Couzin-Frankel, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Couzin-Frankel, 2015; Toth and Assad, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toth and Assad, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Gan et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Economics and Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Econ. Manage.
ISSN (print)0095-0696
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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