How to format your references using the Australian Journal of International Affairs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of International Affairs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balter, M. 2001. “Archaeology. Did Plaster Hold Neolithic Society Together?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5550): 2278–2281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Balois, Thibaut, and Martine Ben Amar. 2014. “Morphology of Melanocytic Lesions in Situ.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zerbino, D. R., B. Paten, and D. Haussler. 2012. “Integrating Genomes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6078): 179–182.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ling, Xiaohui, Xinxing Zhou, Weixing Shu, Hailu Luo, and Shuangchun Wen. 2014. “Realization of Tunable Photonic Spin Hall Effect by Tailoring the Pancharatnam-Berry Phase.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thomas, Carol G. 2014. Greece. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zschocke, Johannes, Matthias Baumgartner, Eva Morava, Marc Patterson, Shamima Rahman, and Verena Peters, eds. 2015. JIMD Reports, Volume 24. Vol. 24. JIMD Reports. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fang, Alex Chengyu, and Jing Cao. 2015. “Etymological Features Across Genres and Registers.” In Text Genres and Registers: The Computation of Linguistic Features, edited by Jing Cao, 55–70. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of International Affairs.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2017. “New Battery Technologies Developed That Don’t Need Rare Materials.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Crop Insurance: Savings Would Result from Program Changes and Greater Use of Data Mining. GAO-12-256. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Radcliffe, Mary L. 2012. “Random Graphs with Attribute Affinity.” Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2017. “Zinzi Clemmons.” New York Times, May 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balter 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Balter 2001; Balois and Ben Amar 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Balois and Ben Amar 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zerbino, Paten, and Haussler 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ling et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of International Affairs
AbbreviationAust. J. Int. Aff.
ISSN (print)1035-7718
ISSN (online)1465-332X
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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