How to format your references using the Australian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tammann, G. A. (2010). Allan Sandage (1926-2010). Nature, 468(7326), 898.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fernandez, J. M., & Li, H. (2004). Force-clamp spectroscopy monitors the folding trajectory of a single protein. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5664), 1674–1678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Birbeck, G. L., Meyer, A.-C., & Ogunniyi, A. (2015). Nervous system disorders across the life course in resource-limited settings. Nature, 527(7578), S167-71.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nomura, D. K., Morrison, B. E., Blankman, J. L., Long, J. Z., Kinsey, S. G., Marcondes, M. C. G., Ward, A. M., Hahn, Y. K., Lichtman, A. H., Conti, B., & Cravatt, B. F. (2011). Endocannabinoid hydrolysis generates brain prostaglandins that promote neuroinflammation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 809–813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boberski, V. (2010). Community Banking Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wijesundara, M. B. J. (2011). Silicon Carbide Microsystems for Harsh Environments (R. Azevedo, Ed.; Vol. 22). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kawtrakul, A., Yingsaeree, C., & Andres, F. (2007). Semantic Tracking in Peer-to-Peer Topic Maps Management. In S. Bhalla (Ed.), Databases in Networked Information Systems: 5th International Workshop, DNIS 2007, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan, October 17-19, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 54–69). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Geographer.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 12). Ghost Ship Washes Up On Liberian Coast With Crew Missing. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). The Summer Feeding Program for Children: Reforms Begun--Many More Urgently Needed (CED-78-90). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, B. K. (2015). Tracking of truck flows for drayage efficiency analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, I. by S. (2013, November 1). ‘I Really Put Myself Out There.’ New York Times, MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tammann, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fernandez & Li, 2004; Tammann, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fernandez & Li, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Birbeck et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nomura et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Geographer
AbbreviationAust. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0004-9182
ISSN (online)1465-3311
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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