How to format your references using the Australian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baraniuk, R. G. (2011). More is less: signal processing and the data deluge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6018), 717–719.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phipps, R. J., & Gaunt, M. J. (2009). A meta-selective copper-catalyzed C-H bond arylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5921), 1593–1597.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, B., Moore, J. S., & Beebe, D. J. (2001). Surface-directed liquid flow inside microchannels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5506), 1023–1026.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pebay-Peyroula, E., Dahout-Gonzalez, C., Kahn, R., Trézéguet, V., Lauquin, G. J.-M., & Brandolin, G. (2003). Structure of mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier in complex with carboxyatractyloside. Nature, 426(6962), 39–44.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, S. G. (2011). Advanced Wireless Communications & Internet. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Werlen, B. (Ed.). (2015). Global Sustainability: Cultural Perspectives and Challenges for Transdisciplinary Integrated Research. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nason, R. W., & Pathak, K. A. (2012). Management of the N0 Neck in Oral Cancer. In K. A. Pathak & R. W. Nason (Eds.), Controversies in Oral Cancer (pp. 51–60). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Geographer.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 6). Daily Diary Reveals How Cannabis Use Affects People With Bipolar. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Contract Pricing: Subcontractor Prices Overstated on AN/TSQ-111 Communications Contract (NSIAD-86-166). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binney, I. (2014). Registered Nurses’ Perceptions of Work Engagement and Turnover Intentions in a Long-Term Care Facility: A Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2009, May 17). A Federal Program Helps Flip Houses on Long Island. New York Times, LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baraniuk, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Baraniuk, 2011; Phipps & Gaunt, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phipps & Gaunt, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Zhao et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pebay-Peyroula et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Geographer
AbbreviationAust. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0004-9182
ISSN (online)1465-3311
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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