How to format your references using the Australian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richman, D. D. (2015). HIV: Cure by killing. Nature, 528(7581), 198–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Otsuki, M., & Matsukawa, H. (2013). Systematic breakdown of Amontons’ law of friction for an elastic object locally obeying Amontons’ law. Scientific Reports, 3, 1586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfe, N. D., Dunavan, C. P., & Diamond, J. (2007). Origins of major human infectious diseases. Nature, 447(7142), 279–283.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hale, P., Makgoba, M. W., Merson, M. H., Quinn, T. C., Richman, D. D., Vella, S., Wabwire-Mangen, F., Wain-Hobson, S., & Weiss, R. A. (2001). Mission now possible for AIDS fund. Nature, 412(6844), 271–272.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nakhjiri, M., & Nakhjiri, M. (2006). AAA and Network Security for Mobile Access. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Xu, K. (2014). Internet Resource Pricing Models (Y. Zhong & H. He, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vacchi, E., Cazzola, W., Pillay, S., & Combemale, B. (2013). Variability Support in Domain-Specific Language Development. In M. Erwig, R. F. Paige, & E. V. Wyk (Eds.), Software Language Engineering: 6th International Conference, SLE 2013, Indianapolis, IN, USA, October 26-28, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 76–95). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Geographer.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 1). We’ve Found Liquid Water Flowing On Mars, But We’re Not Allowed To Investigate It. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Project SAFECOM: Key Cross-Agency Emergency Communications Effort Requires Stronger Collaboration (GAO-04-494). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokoya, K. (2014). A Historical Analysis of the Contributions of the Black Power Movement to Higher Education: 1960 – 1980 [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2005, January 18). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: 9 Years For Chechen In Terror Case. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Otsuki & Matsukawa, 2013; Richman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Otsuki & Matsukawa, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Wolfe et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hale et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Geographer
AbbreviationAust. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0004-9182
ISSN (online)1465-3311
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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