How to format your references using the Australian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yayanos, A. A. (2002). Are cells viable at gigapascal pressures? Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Regev, A., & Shapiro, E. (2002). Cells as computation. Nature, 419(6905), 343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trumbore, S., Brando, P., & Hartmann, H. (2015). Forest health and global change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6250), 814–818.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rösler, C., Köck, J., Malim, M. H., Blum, H. E., & von Weizsäcker, F. (2004). Comment on “Inhibition of hepatitis B virus replication by APOBEC3G.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1403; author reply 1403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff, N. P. (2013). Industrial Gas Flaring Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Akiyama, J. (2011). Factors and Factorizations of Graphs: Proof Techniques in Factor Theory. (M. Kano, Ed.) (Vol. 2031). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakanishi, H., & Islam, M. F. (2009). Quantum Percolation in Two Dimensions. In B. K. Chakrabarti, K. K. Bardhan, & A. K. Sen (Eds.), Quantum and Semi-classical Percolation and Breakdown in Disordered Solids (pp. 1–26). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Geographer.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 15). Global Ecosystems At Risk Of Failing As Biodiversity Falls Below Safety Limit, Scientists Warn. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Early Childhood Programs: Characteristics Affect the Availability of School Readiness Information (No. HEHS-00-38). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rooks, D. L. (2009). Science for all: Experiences and outcomes of students with visual impairment in a guided inquiry-based classroom (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, January 4). Cheese, Please. New York Times, p. NJ7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yayanos, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Regev & Shapiro, 2002; Yayanos, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Regev & Shapiro, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Trumbore, Brando, & Hartmann, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rösler, Köck, Malim, Blum, & von Weizsäcker, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Geographer
AbbreviationAust. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0004-9182
ISSN (online)1465-3311
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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