How to format your references using the Australian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2001). Bid to end EU’s transgenic impasse. Nature, 413(6857), 661.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gronewold, A. D., & Stow, C. A. (2014). Environment. Water loss from the Great Lakes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6175), 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, X., Fauqué, B., & Behnia, K. (2015). SOLID-STATE PHYSICS. Scalable T2 resistivity in a small single-component Fermi surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6251), 945–948.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Whitfield, C. W., Behura, S. K., Berlocher, S. H., Clark, A. G., Johnston, J. S., Sheppard, W. S., Smith, D. R., Suarez, A. V., Weaver, D., & Tsutsui, N. D. (2006). Thrice out of Africa: ancient and recent expansions of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 642–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewe, P. J., O’Driscoll, M. P., & Cooper, C. L. (2010). Coping with Work Stress. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Keromytis, A. D. (Ed.). (2012). Financial Cryptography and Data Security: 16th International Conference, FC 2012, Kralendijk, Bonaire, Februray 27-March 2, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7397). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bailly, C., & Comte-Bellot, G. (2015). Vortex Dynamics. In G. Comte-Bellot (Ed.), Turbulence (pp. 113–128). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Geographer.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 24). What Is The Secret To Being Good At Maths? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Status of the Department of Education’s Inventory of Its Data Collections (GAO-13-596R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weir, B. (2010). The transfer of momentum from waves to currents due to wave breaking [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, March 27). Watching Argentina Up Close, Hoping to Learn Something. New York Times, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gronewold & Stow, 2014; Schiermeier, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gronewold & Stow, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lin et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Whitfield et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Geographer
AbbreviationAust. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0004-9182
ISSN (online)1465-3311
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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