How to format your references using the Australian Geographer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Geographer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawamura, Y. (2014). Phase synchronization between collective rhythms of fully locked oscillator groups. Scientific Reports, 4, 4832.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mathieu, R. D., & Geller, A. M. (2009). A binary star fraction of 76 per cent and unusual orbit parameters for the blue stragglers of NGC 188. Nature, 462(7276), 1032–1035.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brummelkamp, T. R., Bernards, R., & Agami, R. (2002). A system for stable expression of short interfering RNAs in mammalian cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 550–553.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wong, Y. H., Ryu, T., Seridi, L., Ghosheh, Y., Bougouffa, S., Qian, P.-Y., & Ravasi, T. (2014). Transcriptome analysis elucidates key developmental components of bryozoan lophophore development. Scientific Reports, 4, 6534.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abd-El-Barr, M., & El-Rewini, H. (2004). Fundamentals of Computer Organization and Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bauer, E., & Sigrist, M. (Eds.). (2012). Non-Centrosymmetric Superconductors: Introduction and Overview (Vol. 847). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kall, P., & Mayer, J. (2011). Algorithms. In J. Mayer (Ed.), Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation (pp. 285–382). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Geographer.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 12). NASA Unveils New Mars Spacesuits. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Federal Research: Challenges to Implementing the Advanced Technology Program (RCED/OCE-98-83R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, H. T. (2013). The Songs of Lori Laitman: An Analysis of Sunflowers and Early Snow [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, August 3). The Mets’ Past Bonds With the Mets’ Future. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kawamura, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kawamura, 2014; Mathieu & Geller, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mathieu & Geller, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Brummelkamp et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Geographer
AbbreviationAust. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0004-9182
ISSN (online)1465-3311
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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