How to format your references using the Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell LE. Cooling, heating, generating power, and recovering waste heat with thermoelectric systems. Science 2008;321:1457–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sneppen K, Semsey S. Mismatch repair at stop codons is directed independent of GATC methylation on the Escherichia coli chromosome. Sci Rep 2014;4:7346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Volpe G, Volpe G, Gigan S. Brownian motion in a speckle light field: tunable anomalous diffusion and selective optical manipulation. Sci Rep 2014;4:3936.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stelmach-Mardas M, Mardas M, Warchoł W, Jamka M, Walkowiak J. Successful maintenance of body weight reduction after individualized dietary counseling in obese subjects. Sci Rep 2014;4:6620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maloberti F. Understanding Microelectronics. Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
Lee ML, Yu JX, Bellahsène Z, Unland R, editors. Database and XML Technologies: 7th International XML Database Symposium, XSym 2010, Singapore, September 17, 2010. Proceedings. vol. 6309. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Świtoński A, Piórkowski B, Josiński H, Wojciechowski K, Drabik A. Recognition of Human Gestures Represented by Depth Camera Motion Sequences. In: Barbucha D, Nguyen NT, Batubara J, editors. New Trends in Intelligent Information and Database Systems, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R. Mount St Helens Is Rumbling Again, So Should We Be Worried? IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Better Guidance Needed for Deciding Where to Locate Facilities and Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoch VA. The Effects of Systematic Reinforcement on Academic Performance in Precision Teaching: An Investigation of Acquisition, Retention, and Endurance. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Friday File: A Household of April Fool’s Jokes. New York Times 2016:C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Emergency Nursing Journal
AbbreviationAustralas. Emerg. Nurs. J.
ISSN (print)1574-6267
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles