How to format your references using the Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Valentine D. Measure methane to quantify the oil spill. Nature 2010;465:421.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vallina SM, Simó R. Strong relationship between DMS and the solar radiation dose over the global surface ocean. Science 2007;315:506–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee LH, Yang H, Bigras G. Current breast cancer proliferative markers correlate variably based on decoupled duration of cell cycle phases. Sci Rep 2014;4:5122.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Scholtz G, Braband A, Tolley L, Reimann A, Mittmann B, Lukhaup C, et al. Ecology: Parthenogenesis in an outsider crayfish. Nature 2003;421:806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fliszár S. Atomic Charges, Bond Properties, and Molecular Energies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Abut H, Hansen JHL, Takeda K, editors. Advances for In-Vehicle and Mobile Systems: Challenges for International Standards. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
De Moor R, Delmé K, Keulemans F. Adhesion and Erbium-Lased Enamel and Dentin. In: Olivi G, Olivi M, editors. Lasers in Restorative Dentistry: A Practical Guide, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 87–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Neuralink Wants To Wire Your Brain To The Internet – What Could Possibly Go Wrong? IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Passenger Rail Security: Consistent Incident Reporting and Analysis Needed to Achieve Program Objectives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jin H. Periodic Motions and Bifurcation Tree in a Periodically Excited Duffing Oscillator with Time-delay. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Miles to Go Before He Sings. New York Times 2013:MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Emergency Nursing Journal
AbbreviationAustralas. Emerg. Nurs. J.
ISSN (print)1574-6267
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles