How to format your references using the Audiology and Neurotology Extra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Audiology and Neurotology Extra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee PA: Physics. An end to the drought of quantum spin liquids. Science 2008;321:1306–1307.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonnell IA, Rice WKM: Star formation around supermassive black holes. Science 2008;321:1060–1062.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt MW, Vautravers MJ, Spero HJ: Rapid subtropical North Atlantic salinity oscillations across Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles. Nature 2006;443:561–564.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gore AV, Maegawa S, Cheong A, Gilligan PC, Weinberg ES, Sampath K: The zebrafish dorsal axis is apparent at the four-cell stage. Nature 2005;438:1030–1035.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schepers U: RNA Interference in Practice, Weinheim, FRG, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2004.
An edited book
Qin Y, editor: Network Coding at Different Layers in Wireless Networks, Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruiz EL, Izquierdo CE, Batista BM, Moreno-Vega JM: A Metaheuristic Approach for the Seaside Operations in Maritime Container Terminals; in Rojas I, Joya G, Cabestany J (eds): Advances in Computational Intelligence: 12th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2013, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, June 12-14, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013, pp 28–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Audiology and Neurotology Extra.

Blog post
Fang J: Fossilized Brain of World’s Earliest Predator Found. IFLScience 2014;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Highlights of a GAO Forum: The Federal Government’s Role in Improving Financial Literacy, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson VM: In vitro thyroid hormone metabolism: Effects of nuclear receptor activation on the metabolic profiles of thyroxine in rat and human hepatocytes 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2016;MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAudiology and Neurotology Extra
AbbreviationAudiol. Neurotol. Extra
ISSN (online)1664-5537
Scope

Other styles