How to format your references using the Audiology and Neurotology Extra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Audiology and Neurotology Extra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goode J: Viticulture: Fruity with a hint of drought. Nature 2012;492:351–353.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugimoto N, Nagaosa N: Spin-orbit echo. Science 2012;336:1413–1416.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta AK, Anderson DM, Overpeck JT: Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature 2003;421:354–357.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mihola O, Trachtulec Z, Vlcek C, Schimenti JC, Forejt J: A mouse speciation gene encodes a meiotic histone H3 methyltransferase. Science 2009;323:373–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Panek W, Wentworth T: Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration, Indianapolis, IN, USA, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Castano S, Vassiliadis P, Lakshmanan LV, Lee ML, editors: Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2012 Workshops CMS, ECDM-NoCoDA, MoDIC, MORE-BI, RIGiM, SeCoGIS, WISM, Florence, Italy, October 15-18, 2012. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu H, Mei T, Li H, Luo J: Vision-Based Fine-Grained Location Estimation; in Choi J, Friedland G (eds): Multimodal Location Estimation of Videos and Images. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Audiology and Neurotology Extra.

Blog post
Andrew E: Graphene Could Lead To Better Bullet-Proof Vests And Hydrogen Fuel Cells [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/graphene-could-lead-better-bullet-proof-vests-and-hydrogen-fuel-cells/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Computer Operations: FAA Needs to Implement an Effective Capacity Management Program, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nam S: A method for teaching jazz improvisation to beginning pianists in a group setting 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Qin A: Old Wounds Exposed on Film. New York Times 2015;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAudiology and Neurotology Extra
AbbreviationAudiol. Neurotol. Extra
ISSN (online)1664-5537
Scope

Other styles