How to format your references using the ASTRA Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASTRA Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angrist, M.: Genetic privacy needs a more nuanced approach, Nature, 494, 7, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janvier, P. and Arsenault, M.: Palaeobiology: calcification of early vertebrate cartilage, Nature, 417, 609, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaucher, E. A., Govindarajan, S., and Ganesh, O. K.: Palaeotemperature trend for Precambrian life inferred from resurrected proteins, Nature, 451, 704–707, 2008.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Perron, J. T., Mitrovica, J. X., Manga, M., Matsuyama, I., and Richards, M. A.: Evidence for an ancient martian ocean in the topography of deformed shorelines, Nature, 447, 840–843, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andersson, C., Freeman, D., James, I., Johnston, A., and Ljung, S.: Mobile Media and Applications - From Concept to Cash, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Wiering, M. and Otterlo, M. van (Eds.): Reinforcement Learning: State-of-the-Art, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XXXIV, 638 p pp., 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Charron, D. M., Chen, J., and Zheng, G.: Theranostic Lipid Nanoparticles for Cancer Medicine, in: Nanotechnology-Based Precision Tools for the Detection and Treatment of Cancer, edited by: Mirkin, C. A., Meade, T. J., Petrosko, S. H., and Stegh, A. H., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 103–127, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASTRA Proceedings.

Blog post
Chunks Of The Earth’s Upper Mantle Are Falling Off And Causing Earthquakes:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NOAA Aircraft: Aging Fleet and Future Challenges Underscore the Need for a Capital Asset Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Potter, R. H.: Diffusion of oxygen and lithium isotopes at a contact between the Bushveld Complex and metasedimentary rock: Implications for the timescale of Phepane Dome diapirism, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R.: Inhaling an Era of Intimacy and Beauty, New York Times, 13th September, C4, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angrist, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Angrist, 2013; Janvier and Arsenault, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Janvier and Arsenault, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Perron et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleASTRA Proceedings
ISSN (print)2199-3955
ISSN (online)2199-3963

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