How to format your references using the ASTRA Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASTRA Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quirk, T.: Writers should not fear jargon, Nature, 487, 407, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goedert, M. and Spillantini, M. G.: A century of Alzheimer’s disease, Science, 314, 777–781, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grey, M., Haggart, J. W., and Smith, P. L.: Variation in evolutionary patterns across the geographic range of a fossil bivalve, Science, 322, 1238–1241, 2008.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Kraus, H., Soltamov, V. A., Fuchs, F., Simin, D., Sperlich, A., Baranov, P. G., Astakhov, G. V., and Dyakonov, V.: Magnetic field and temperature sensing with atomic-scale spin defects in silicon carbide, Sci. Rep., 4, 5303, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Studer, Q.: Results that Last, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
Varin, R. A.: Nanomaterials for Solid State Hydrogen Storage, edited by: Czujko, T. and Wronski, Z. S., Springer US, Boston, MA, X, 338 p pp., 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, H. and Qian, D.: A Terminal-Sliding-Mode-Based Frequency Regulation, in: Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2015: 12th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2015, Jeju, South Korea, October 15-18, 2015, Proceedings, edited by: Hu, X., Xia, Y., Zhang, Y., and Zhao, D., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 36–42, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASTRA Proceedings.

Blog post
Fear Of Zombies In Medieval England Made People Do Some Barbaric Things:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [FAA Employees’ Use of Government Vehicles for After-Hours Transportation], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spruill, E. L.: A correlational analysis relating organizational climate to employee performance: A case study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R.: Aiding and Abetting Operatic Dabblers, New York Times, 7th June, C6, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quirk, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Quirk, 2012; Goedert and Spillantini, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goedert and Spillantini, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kraus et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleASTRA Proceedings
ISSN (print)2199-3955
ISSN (online)2199-3963

Other styles