How to format your references using the ASTRA Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASTRA Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rashed, R.: Portraits of science. A polymath in the 10th century, Science, 297(5582), 773, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zebrowitz, L. A. and Montepare, J. M.: Psychology. Appearance DOES matter, Science, 308(5728), 1565–1566, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Majumder, A., Ghatak, A. and Sharma, A.: Microfluidic adhesion induced by subsurface microstructures, Science, 318(5848), 258–261, 2007.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Huber, R., Ghilardi, M. F., Massimini, M. and Tononi, G.: Local sleep and learning, Nature, 430(6995), 78–81, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mohanty, S. and Ghosh, R.: Planning a Scientific Career in Industry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2010.
An edited book
Sierra-Rodríguez, J.-L., Leal, J.-P. and Simões, A., Eds.: Languages, Applications and Technologies: 4th International Symposium, SLATE 2015, Madrid, Spain, June 18-19, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Yalçındağ, S., Matta, A., Şahin, E. and Shanthikumar, J. G.: A Two-Stage Approach for Solving Assignment and Routing Problems in Home Health Care Services, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Health Care Systems Engineering, edited by A. Matta, J. Li, E. Sahin, E. Lanzarone, and J. Fowler, pp. 47–59, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASTRA Proceedings.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Spread Of Sexually Transmitted Cancer Found In Dogs Tracked Around The World, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Reported Y2K Status of the 21 Largest U.S. Cities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Works, R. F.: Econometric modeling of exchange rate determinants by market classification: An empirical analysis of Japan and South Korea using the sticky-price monetary theory, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN., 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J.: Sketching an Artistic Love Triangle, New York Times, 11th May, C1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rashed, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rashed, 2002; Zebrowitz and Montepare, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zebrowitz and Montepare, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Huber et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleASTRA Proceedings
ISSN (print)2199-3955
ISSN (online)2199-3963

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