How to format your references using the ASTRA Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ASTRA Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C.: Tools for drug discovery: tools of the trade, Nature, 446(7132), 219–222, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shafiq, G. and Veluvolu, K. C.: Surface chest motion decomposition for cardiovascular monitoring, Sci. Rep., 4, 5093, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pasham, D. R., Strohmayer, T. E. and Mushotzky, R. F.: A 400-solar-mass black hole in the galaxy M82, Nature, 513(7516), 74–76, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Shingo, T., Gregg, C., Enwere, E., Fujikawa, H., Hassam, R., Geary, C., Cross, J. C. and Weiss, S.: Pregnancy-stimulated neurogenesis in the adult female forebrain mediated by prolactin, Science, 299(5603), 117–120, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matignon, R.: Data Mining Using SAS® Enterprise MinerTM, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2007.
An edited book
Inaba, M. and Corke, P., Eds.: Robotics Research: The 16th International Symposium ISRR, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Lester, G.: The Aging Workforce and Paid Time Off, in Disability and Aging Discrimination: Perspectives in Law and Psychology, edited by R. L. Wiener and S. L. Willborn, pp. 71–91, Springer, New York, NY., 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ASTRA Proceedings.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Another Team Has Signed Up For Google’s XPRIZE Moon Race Next Year, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airline Competition: Passenger Facility Charges Can Provide an Independent Source of Funding for Airport Expansion and Improvement Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bobadilla, J.: Helping at-risk youth through a preventative program, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forsythe, M. and Stevenson, A.: Murky Firm Is Behind A Donation Of $18 Billion, New York Times, 27th July, B1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Shafiq and Veluvolu, 2014; Smith, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shafiq and Veluvolu, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shingo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleASTRA Proceedings
ISSN (print)2199-3955
ISSN (online)2199-3963

Other styles