How to format your references using the Anatomical Science International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anatomical Science International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lähteenmäki R (2002) Finnish biotechnology--built on solid foundations. Nature 420:A34-5, A37, A39
A journal article with 2 authors
Vargas-Rodriguez O, Musier-Forsyth K (2014) Structural biology: wobble puts RNA on target. Nature 510:480–481
A journal article with 3 authors
Oppo DW, Rosenthal Y, Linsley BK (2009) 2,000-year-long temperature and hydrology reconstructions from the Indo-Pacific warm pool. Nature 460:1113–1116
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang X, Kellner AWA, Zhou Z, Campos D de A (2005) Pterosaur diversity and faunal turnover in Cretaceous terrestrial ecosystems in China. Nature 437:875–879

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoop I, Billiet J, Koch A, Fitzgerald R (2010) Improving Survey Response. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Cohen-Boulakia S, Tannen V (eds) (2007) Data Integration in the Life Sciences: 4th International Workshop, DILS 2007, Philadelphia, PA, USA, June 27-29, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Tongway DJ, Ludwig JA (2011) Restoring Mined Landscapes. In: Ludwig JA (ed) Restoring Disturbed Landscapes: Putting Principles into Practice. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, pp 29–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anatomical Science International.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) What The Color Of Your Snot Says About Your Health. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Feasibility of Requiring Financial Assurances for the Recall or Destruction of Unsafe Consumer Products. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anisko JJ (2012) Selling Mexico’s vistas: A visual discourse analysis of promotional materials of Loreto Bay, Mexico. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) A Cosmic Comeuppance for the Dodgers. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lähteenmäki 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Lähteenmäki 2002; Vargas-Rodriguez and Musier-Forsyth 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vargas-Rodriguez and Musier-Forsyth 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnatomical Science International
AbbreviationAnat. Sci. Int.
ISSN (print)1447-6959
ISSN (online)1447-073X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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