How to format your references using the Anatomical Science International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anatomical Science International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davidson LA (2008) Developmental biology. Apoptosis turbocharges epithelial morphogenesis. Science 321:1641–1642
A journal article with 2 authors
Cho NW, Greenberg RA (2015) DNA repair: Familiar ends with alternative endings. Nature 518:174–176
A journal article with 3 authors
Melis AP, Hare B, Tomasello M (2006) Chimpanzees recruit the best collaborators. Science 311:1297–1300
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wei C, Wang X, Chen M, et al (2009) Calcium flickers steer cell migration. Nature 457:901–905

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sommers-Flanagan J, Sommers-Flanagan R (2015) Tough Kids Cool Counseling. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA, USA
An edited book
Broadhead A (2007) English for Personal Assistants: The essential handbook for doing business internationally. Gabler, Wiesbaden
A chapter in an edited book
Abdualrazak B, Malik Y, Yang H-I (2010) A Taxonomy Driven Approach towards Evaluating Pervasive Computing System. In: Lee Y, Bien ZZ, Mokhtari M, et al. (eds) Aging Friendly Technology for Health and Independence: 8th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2010, Seoul, Korea, June 22-24, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 32–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anatomical Science International.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Pigs Shot In The Head For Science. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) First Look at Senior Executive Service Performance Awards/NASA. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivera A (2010) A post analysis of an advanced access appointment model. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2016) Friday File. New York Times C25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davidson 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson 2008; Cho and Greenberg 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cho and Greenberg 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnatomical Science International
AbbreviationAnat. Sci. Int.
ISSN (print)1447-6959
ISSN (online)1447-073X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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