How to format your references using the Anatomical Science International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anatomical Science International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisk D (2012) The Urban Challenge. Science 336:1396–1397
A journal article with 2 authors
Puszkarski H, Tomczak P (2014) Spin-wave resonance model of surface pinning in ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Mn)As thin films. Sci Rep 4:6135
A journal article with 3 authors
Hasnaoui A, Van Swygenhoven H, Derlet PM (2003) Dimples on nanocrystalline fracture surfaces as evidence for shear plane formation. Science 300:1550–1552
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Draper-Joyce CJ, Khoshouei M, Thal DM, et al (2018) Structure of the adenosine-bound human adenosine A1 receptor-Gi complex. Nature 558:559–563

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis RA (2015) Demand-Driven Inventory Optimization and Replenishment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey, USA
An edited book
Pham PV (ed) (2016) Stem Cell Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Laghi A, Paolantonio P, Lucchesi P (2008) Protocolli di studio e considerazioni dosimetriche. In: Passariello R (ed) La colonscopia virtuale. Springer, Milano, pp 55–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anatomical Science International.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) 5 Physics Phenomena Explained. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Critical Infrastructure Protection: National Plan for Information Systems Protection. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillan-Sanderson NA (2012) A Study of the Effect of Additional Reading Assistance on Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) Supreme Court Hears Plea for Help From Puerto Rico. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisk 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fisk 2012; Puszkarski and Tomczak 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Puszkarski and Tomczak 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Draper-Joyce et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnatomical Science International
AbbreviationAnat. Sci. Int.
ISSN (print)1447-6959
ISSN (online)1447-073X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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