How to format your references using the Anatomical Science International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anatomical Science International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Griffith LC (2014) Neuroscience: What females really want. Nature 512:138–139
A journal article with 2 authors
Rittle J, Green MT (2010) Cytochrome P450 compound I: capture, characterization, and C-H bond activation kinetics. Science 330:933–937
A journal article with 3 authors
Finnegan NJ, Schumer R, Finnegan S (2014) A signature of transience in bedrock river incision rates over timescales of 10(4)-10(7) years. Nature 505:391–394
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fagiolini M, Fritschy J-M, Löw K, et al (2004) Specific GABAA circuits for visual cortical plasticity. Science 303:1681–1683

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sillar KT, Picton LD, Heitler WJ (2016) The Neuroethology of Predation and Escape. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kozłowski KR (ed) (2009) Robot Motion and Control 2009. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Gamarel KE, Revenson TA (2015) Dyadic Adaptation to Chronic Illness: The Importance of Considering Context in Understanding Couples’ Resilience. In: Skerrett K, Fergus K (eds) Couple Resilience: Emerging Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 83–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anatomical Science International.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Here’s What The Maximum Amount Of Caffeine You Should Be Drinking In A Day Looks Like. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) FAA Budget: Issues Related to the Fiscal Year 1996 Request. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Migues KP (2017) A Qualitative Exploration of Retention of Experienced Teachers: Why Do They Stay? Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jacoby S (2014) The Golden Rule. New York Times BR7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Griffith 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Rittle and Green 2010; Griffith 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rittle and Green 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Fagiolini et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnatomical Science International
AbbreviationAnat. Sci. Int.
ISSN (print)1447-6959
ISSN (online)1447-073X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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