How to format your references using the AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peng C (2011) Focus on quality, not just quantity. Nature 475:267
A journal article with 2 authors
Brumfiel G, Knight J (2003) Climate of conflict: in the shadow of war. Nature 426:748–749
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong Y, Wang Z, Jin X (2013) Sulfuric acid intercalated graphite oxide for graphene preparation. Sci Rep 3:3439
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Heinisch G, Rosenfeld H, Knapp JM, et al (2014) Sexual maturity in western Atlantic bluefin tuna. Sci Rep 4:7205

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akers RM (2016) Lactation and the Mammary Gland. Blackwell Publishing Company, Ames, Iowa
An edited book
Calude CS, Rozenberg G, Salomaa A (eds) (2011) Rainbow of Computer Science: Dedicated to Hermann Maurer on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Grando MA, Moss L, Glasspool D, et al (2011) Argumentation-Logic for Explaining Anomalous Patient Responses to Treatments. In: Peleg M, Lavrač N, Combi C (eds) Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 13th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2011, Bled, Slovenia, July 2-6, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Google’s AlphaGo Just Beat The Chinese Grandmaster In A “God-Like” Victory. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Spectrum Management: Preliminary Findings on Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins JD (2012) Answers in diagenesis: Assessing mussel shell diagenesis in the modern vadose zone at Lyon’s Bluff (22OK520), northeast Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2010) State Pension Fund Faces Shortfall, Candidate Says. New York Times A30

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peng 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel and Knight 2003; Peng 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brumfiel and Knight 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Heinisch et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv
ISSN (print)1863-8155
ISSN (online)1863-8163
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Statistics and Probability
General Social Sciences

Other styles