How to format your references using the AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luo Z-X (2010) Journal club. A palaeontologist ponders how genes and fossils can illuminate mammalian evolution. Nature 465:669
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheinin MY, Wang MD (2012) Biochemistry. A DNA twist diffuses and hops. Science 338:56–57
A journal article with 3 authors
Schulte DM, Burke RP, Lipcius RN (2009) Unprecedented restoration of a native oyster metapopulation. Science 325:1124–1128
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ahmed MF, Ahuja S, Alauddin M, et al (2006) Epidemiology. Ensuring safe drinking water in Bangladesh. Science 314:1687–1688

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lutzke D (2012) Surfen in die digitale Zukunft. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Koornneef F, van Gulijk C (eds) (2015) Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 34th International Conference, SAFECOMP 2015, Delft, The Netherlands, September 23-25, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Toffetti G, Gambi A, Pezzè M, Pautasso C (2010) Engineering Autonomic Controllers for Virtualized Web Applications. In: Benatallah B, Casati F, Kappel G, Rossi G (eds) Web Engineering: 10th International Conference, ICWE 2010, Vienna Austria, July 5-9, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 66–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Telescopes On The Ground May Be Cheaper, But Hubble Shows Why They Are Not Enough. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/telescopes-ground-may-be-cheaper-hubble-shows-why-they-are-not-enough/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Early Childhood Programs: Promoting the Development of Young Children in Denmark, France, and Italy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tse J (2009) An explication of the Hilbert basis theorem and its relation to school mathematics. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) How a TV Critic Manages a Franchise. New York Times A2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Luo 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Luo 2010; Sheinin and Wang 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheinin and Wang 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahmed et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv
ISSN (print)1863-8155
ISSN (online)1863-8163
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Statistics and Probability
General Social Sciences

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