How to format your references using the AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wehrli B (2013) Biogeochemistry: Conduits of the carbon cycle. Nature 503:346–347
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker NB, Everaers R (2009) Comment on “Remeasuring the double helix.” Science 325:538; author reply 538
A journal article with 3 authors
Diemand J, Moore B, Stadel J (2005) Earth-mass dark-matter haloes as the first structures in the early Universe. Nature 433:389–391
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nojima S, Schal C, Webster FX, et al (2005) Identification of the sex pheromone of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica. Science 307:1104–1106

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wernecke R (2003) Industrielle Feuchtemessung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Li X (2012) Graph Energy. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Muluk H, Malik I (2009) Peace Psychology of Grassroots Reconciliation: Lessons Learned from the “Baku Bae” Peace Movement. In: Noor NM, Montiel CJ (eds) Peace Psychology in Asia. Springer US, New York, NY, pp 85–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) How Do Deadly Mites Trick Honeybees? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Office of Telecommunications Policy’s Contract for a Publication on Intercepting Electronic Communications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skutt S (2017) Midlife Metamorphosis: Archetypal Imaginal Psychology in Midlife Rite of Passage. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) Fitzgerald, Princeton and a Thoroughly Fictitious Theft. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wehrli 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Becker and Everaers 2009; Wehrli 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becker and Everaers 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Nojima et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv
ISSN (print)1863-8155
ISSN (online)1863-8163
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Statistics and Probability
General Social Sciences

Other styles